Micro 4

  1. Causative agent of gas gangrene.
    Clostridium perfringens
  2. Causative agent of peptic ulcers.
    Heclicobacter pylori
  3. Causative agent of antibiotic related enterocolitis.
    Clostridium difficile
  4. Causative agent of the severe food poisoning from ingesting contaminated high protein low-acid canned goods.
    Clostridium botulinum
  5. Causative agent of the bacterial disease travelers diarrhea.
    E. coli
  6. Round worm that can be acquired from fleas.
  7. Round worm that can be acquired from encysted forms in undercooked wild pig & bear meat.
    Trichinella spiralis
  8. Cause of Tinea capitis.
  9. Infective state of Entamoeba hystolytica.
  10. Causes thrush and skin diseases.
    Candida albicans
  11. How does the tetanus toxin cause damage?
    blocks the relaxation of muscles
  12. Most common cause of UTI
    E. coli
  13. Herpes simplex I is contained (not cured) by antiviral agents such as ________.
  14. Primary mode of transmission of polio virus.
    Contaminated food & water
  15. What is Cryptococcus neoformans associated with?
    pigeon coops
  16. Target cells of HS2 virus.
    Nerve cells
  17. Most common STD in the US.
  18. Causes bubonic plague.
    Yersinia pestis
  19. Sometimes called rabbit fever.
  20. Causative agent of tuleremia.
  21. Causative agent of Rocky Mt Spotted fever.
  22. Route of transmission for N. meningitidis.
    Respiratory Droplets
  23. What causes African sleeping sickness?
  24. Can cause stiff neck, headaches, shock and even death.
    Neisseria meningitis
  25. Causes dehydration, disrupts electrolyte balance and acts on small intestine.
    Vibrio cholera
  26. Arthrospores of this organism are found in bird & bat droppings.
    Histoplasma capsulatum
  27. Arthrospores of this organism are often inhaled in dust storms.
    Coccidiodes immitis
  28. How was KURU acquired?
    Ritual canabelism
  29. How is anthrax transmitted?
    contact, inhalation, & ingestion
  30. A disease that can cause a rapidly fatal toxemia & septicemia in humans.
  31. Forms a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat.
  32. Major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diptheriae.
  33. What are the stages of TB?
    primary, progressive, secondary
  34. Symptoms are low-grade fever, coughing, fatigue, weight loss & night sweats.
  35. Live bacilli can remain dormant in lungs and reactivate later in life.
  36. What vaccine is used in other countries for TB?
  37. What disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from hot tubs, ac, misters, etc?
  38. Cryptococcus neoformans is a _____ with a ______.
    yeast; capsule
  39. Where is the highest incidence of Blastomycosis in the US?
    East & Midwest
  40. Causes high fever, pneumonia, & respiratory distress & is caused by the respiratory virus.
  41. What is the bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever from?
    erythrogenic toxin
  42. Most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS pts.
    Pneumocystis jiroveci
  43. What is the most likely cause of a sudden drop in BP in pts with Staph & sometimes Strep surgical wound infections?
    toxic shock syndrome toxin
  44. What causes the bright red skin and sloughing off in certain Staph infections (SSSS)?
    exfoliative toxin
  45. Erysipelas, inpetigo, septicemia, & necrotizing fasciitis are caused by?
    Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS beta-hemolytic)
  46. What causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?
  47. What virus causes smallpox?
  48. What virus causes chickenpox?
  49. Three diseases that strep causes.
    • Impetigo
    • Necrotizing fasciitis
    • Syphillis
  50. Hansen's Disease.
  51. 3 diseases that staph causes.
    • Impetigo
    • Toxemia
    • Septicemia
  52. Causative agent of Necrotizing Fasciitis.
    Strep pyogenes
  53. 3 genera of fungi that cause skin infections.
    • Trycophyton
    • Epidermophyton
    • Microsporium
  54. Mortality rate of acanthameba infection.
  55. How do you treat gas gangrene?
    • debridement of dead tissue;
    • hyperbaric chamber
  56. Can grow in high protein low oxygen & causes FBI.
    Clostridium perfringens
  57. Gram (-) rod that affects the LARGE intestine and causes bloody diarrhea.
  58. Gram (-) rod that affects the SALL intestine and produces H2S.
  59. Are salmonella and shigella treated with antibiotics?
    • Shigella yes;
    • Salmonella NO
  60. What is the virulence factor in Vibrio cholera?
    choleragen toxin
  61. How is Vibrio cholera treated?
    IV fluids & antibiotics such as tetracycline
  62. How is Vibrio cholera prevented?
    Proper hygiene and proper cooking
  63. Caus. agent of classic measles.
  64. Caus. agent of RED measles.
Card Set
Micro 4