1. Give the date of Homo Sapien
    160 kya to present
  2. Name (9) features of Homo sapiens
    • Smaller, flatter face
    • External chin
    • Smaller teeth and jaw
    • Rounded occipital
    • Vertical forehead
    • Reduced browridge
    • Pyramid mastoid process
    • Canine fossa
    • Less robust postcrania
  3. Non stone tools were made of what (3)
    bone, ivory, antlers
  4. What type of cultural behavior characterizes Homo sapiens? (6)
    • Transport of raw materials
    • Symbolic behavior
    • Ritual burials
    • Diverse tool kit
    • Weapons
    • Grave goods
  5. Name (7) examples of expressive culture in Homo sapiens
    • Engraved tools and weaponry
    • Sculptures
    • Jewelry
    • Cave art
    • Musical instruments
    • Shelter
    • Clothing
  6. Around ___,000 years ago, archaic humans were using wood spears 2 meters long and hunting large game in an organized fashion
  7. Which model of the origin of modern human evolution proposes that modern humans are the result of a speciation event in the late Pleistocene in Africa?
    the Recent African Origin (RAO) model
  8. Which model of the origin of modern human evolution proposes that modern humans are the most recent morphological form in a species, Homo sapiens, that has been around for nearly 2 million years?
    the Multiregional Evolution model (MRE)
  9. mtDNA studies, first released in 1987, reported that all modern human mtDNA can be traced to a population in _____ that lived approximately 150,000 to 200,000 years ago
  10. Which model of the origin of modern human evolution has been dubbed the "Out of Africa, Again and Again" model?
    The Multiple Dispersal model (MD)
  11. The ____ model of human evolution predicts a strong, repeated impact by African populations on the genetic characteristics of humans over the last 1.7 my and also predicts recurrent gene flow between populations, with those closer to each other geographically sharing more genes than those more distant?
    Multiple Dispersal
  12. Fossils showing specific characteristics deemed to be transitional between Homo erectus and Homo sapiens are grouped in the category of archaic humans and are referred to as (3)
    • archaic Homo sapiens
    • Homo heidelbergensis
    • Homo neanderthalensis
  13. The earliest fossils displaying the morphological characteristics associated with early archaic humans, or ___ ______, are found in eastern Africa and date to about 600,000 years ago
    Homo heidelbergensis
  14. Fossils found in western Eurasia, dating to about 200,000 and 28,000 years ago and characterized by specific morphological characteristics are referred to as late ____ ____
    archaic humans
  15. Archaic human sites in the late _______ reveal evidence of increased tool complexity, increased hunting efficiency, social cooperation, burials, and possibly the practice of postmortem modification of bones.
  16. Recent analysis of the ______ genome draft suggests that there was some interbreeding between _____ and humans - 30--45,000 years ago
  17. Fossil and genetic evidence offer some support for both the RAO and MRE models. The MD model may be the ____ fit for current genetic data sets.
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