1. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Section 504 affects who
    Those who receive federal funding
  2. Pa Human Relations Act
    has no jurisdiction over the arrest procedures
  3. when arresting a deaf individual, an interpreter must be provided...
    after the arrest but prior to interrogation
  4. A Valid waiver of Miranda Warnings must be...
    • Intelligently, 
    • Knowingly 
    • and voluntary
    • Verbally is not required
  5. Symptoms of Tourettes
    • Motor/Vocal Tics (both simple and complex)
    • Echokinesis - mimic movements
    • Coprolalia - uncontrollable Swearing
    • Echopraxia - Obscene gestures
  6. When an Actor needs medical attention
    Get them examined by a doctor
  7. Symptoms of Complex Partial Seizures
    • Blank Stare
    • dazed or unaware of surroundings,
    • won't respond to questions or commands
    • random uncontrollable acts such as: lip smacking, picking at clothing, mumbling, hand wringing and disrobing
  8. Complex Partial Seizures are often confused with
    • substance abuse
    • mental illness
    • or disorderly conduct
  9. Primary Cause of Seizures
    temporary changes in electrical activity of the brain which interrupts normal awareness and produces a variety of movements which are beyond conscious control.
  10. When dealing wiht the deaf, you need qualified interpreters.  Who should you contact to obtain one?
    PA Office of the Death and Hard of Hearing
  11. Signs of Impairment include seeing or observing signs that...
    • appear inconsistent with current situations
    • strong emotional displays wiht no apparent cause
    • strong emotional displays that seem out of proportion
  12. When discussing special needs remember that it is not the duty of Law enforcement to...
    diagnose the disorder, rather Law Enforcement should only recognize the presence of special needs
  13. Causes of Altered Consciousness
    • Alzheimer's
    • Diabetes
    • Epilepsy
  14. When dealing with Alzheimer's subjects that you cannot ID, what program can help?
    Utilize the Safe Return Program
  15. Characteristics of Alzheimer's
    • Dementia
    • Delusions
    • General loss of Intellectual Function
    • Poor Judgment
    • Wandering
    • Sweating and Elevated Heart rate are not symptoms
  16. Characteristics of Mental Retardation
    • Impaired language ability
    • disjointed or illogical reasoning, 
    • below average intelligence,
    • will say anything that they think will please a person of Authority
  17. Mental Retardation cannot be recognized by
    physical appearance
  18. Signs and Symptoms of Autims
    • May be non-verbal or have very limited verbal abilities 
    • May repeat word or phrases in place of normal communication (echolalia)
    • May appear deaf or not respond to verbal cues
    • may have difficulty expressing needs
    • May have tantrums, inappropriate laughing, 
    • May have little or no eye contact
    • may be sensitive to touch sound and bright lights
  19. Autism and Miranda warnings
    Will not understand Miranda Warnings or other constitutional rights
  20. What are common signs of a diabetic emergency
    • Sweating
    • anxiety
    • elevated heart rate
    • hungry
    • dizzy
    • unsteady gait, 
    • mental confusion
    • violent or psychotic behavior
    • seizures,
    • coma
    • death
  21. Definition of Autism
    Severely incapacitating lifelong developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life.
  22. Tourettes Syndrome is characterized by sub-average intelligence
  23. Title 50: The Mental Health Procedures Act
    Provides guidelines regarding the emergency examination and treatment of people with mental illness.  It outlines and covers 301 and 302 Commitments
  24. Anti-Social Personality Disorders include
    • Failure to conform to social norms
    • deceitfulness
    • impulsivity
    • irritability
    • aggressiveness
    • reckless disregard for safety
    • consistent irresponsibility
    • lack of remorse

    These are the most common disorders encountered by LE
  25. Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia
    Delusions, Hallucinations, Disturbed Affect, and disorganized thinking or behavior
  26. Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
    • Often called Manic Depression
    • A cycle that passes through episodes of elation and depression characterized by 
    • inflated self-esteem/excitability
    • decreased need for sleep
    • excessive involvement in pleasurable things 
    • followed by extreme depression
  27. Title 50 states that the individual has such a lowered standard of self and others that they pose a "Clear and Present" danger to self or others.  What does that mean?
    • Within the past 30 days, the person has 
    • 1. Inflicted/ attempted to inflict serious bodily harm on another and there is reason to believe it will be repeated
    • 2.  Unable to satisfy personal needs
    • 3.  Attempted suicide or reasonable probability of suicide exists
    • 4.  Substantially mutilated or threatened to do so.
  28. 301 V. 302 Commitments
    301 is a voluntary commitment whereas 302 is NOT
  29. When can LE make a warrantless arrest of the Mentally Ill (302)
    When personally observing a person's conduct that constitutes reasonable grounds to believe that the person is severely mentally disabled and in need of immediate treatment
  30. Borderline personality Disorders show patterns of
    • Unstable or intense self image, relationships, emotions, anger and bitterness
    • Frantic or impulsive acts
  31. How does LE assess the potential for violence
    • Is there evidence of violence (ongoing violence taking place)
    • Is there a potential for violence (presence of weapons)
    • Is there a danger to the subject and potential for self injury
  32. Developmental disorders include
    • Autism, Mental Retardation, and Tourette's
    • these generally develop within the first three years of life 
  33. Impulse Control Disorders include
    • Kleptomania - impulse to steal
    • Pyromania - impulse to set fires
    • Pathological Gambling - impulse to gamble
  34. When are interpreters required for deaf actors
    After the arrest but before interrogation
  35. Risk Factors for LE include
    • History of violence and Criminal History - how recent, frequent, and serious
    • Presence of major mental illness - make actors unpredictable
    • Substance abuse - increases risk in all populations
    • Personality Disorders - Pose greatest risk of violence
  36. Use and Abuse of Cocaine leads to
    • addiction,
    • paranoid states
    • irritability and mood disturbances
    • restlessness
    • auditory hallucinations
    • can produce cocaine-induced psychosis involving violent behavior (excited delirium)
  37. Chronic abuse of Methamphetamine
    • psychotic behavior 
    • visual and auditory hallucinations
    • intense paranoia
    • out of control rages
    • violent behavior
    • suicidal or homicidal
  38. what are the qualifications of Mental Illness
    Persons who are mentally retarded, senile, alcohol or drug dependent shall receive mental health treatment if they have been diagnosed as Mentally Ill
  39. when your subject is hearing voices, how do you react?
    Avoid challenging or entering into the delusions
  40. Whey you have a subject suffering from delusions, how do you react
    acknowledge their beliefs but keep them in the here and now and focus them on the law enforcement officer
  41. When the actor experiences auditory hallucinations, which command them to do something...
    Determine what the voices are telling them to do by asking
  42. what are your less lethal force options
    tazer, bean bag rounds, and chemical substances
  43. Remember to always move non-essential people....
    out of the interactions to limit distractions.
Card Set
Recognizing Special Needs