11-6 he Muscular System

  1. Abduction-
    To move away from the midline.
  2. Achilles’ Tendon-
    A tendon attaching the gastrocnemius muscle of the leg to the heel.
  3. Adduction-
    To draw together toward the midline.
  4. Anchor-
    The attachment of a skeletal muscle; the wrapping at the start of a gauze or elastic bandage.
  5. Aponeurosis-
    Extension of connective tissue beyond a muscle in round or flattened tendons; means of insertion or origin of a flat muscle.
  6. Atrophy-
    Wasting away of a muscle.
  7. Biceps-
    The muscle of the upper arm that flexes the forearm.
  8. Contracture-
    Permanent shortening or contraction of a muscle.
  9. Cramp-
    A spasmodic, painful contraction of a muscle or muscles.
  10. Deltoid-
    The muscle of the shoulder.
  11. Dystrophy-
    Progressive atrophy or weakening of a part, such as the muscles.
  12. Extensor-
    The muscle of a muscle team that extends a part, allowing the joint to straighten.
  13. Fascia-
    A fibrous membrane covering, supporting, and separating muscles; may also unite the skin with underlying tissue.
  14. Flexor-
    The muscle of a muscle team that bends a part.
  15. Gastrocnemius-
    The large muscle in the calf of the leg.
  16. Gluteus Maximus-
    The large muscle of the buttocks.
  17. Hamstring-
    A group of muscles of the posterior thigh.
  18. Hiccough (hiccup)-
    A result of the spasmodic closing of the epiglottis and spasm of the diaphragm.
  19. Insertion-
    The place where a muscle is attached to the bone that it moves.
  20. Intercostal-
    Between the ribs.
  21. Latissimus Dorsi-
    The large muscle of the back.
  22. Muscle Team-
    a pair of skeletal muscles, one that flexes and one that extends the joint.
  23. Muscle Tone-
    A state of muscle contraction in which a portion of the fibers are contracted while others are at rest.
  24. Musculoskeletal-
    Pertaining to the muscular and skeletal systems.
  25. Origin-
    The beginning or source of anything; of muscles, the anchor.
  26. Pectoralis Major-
    The principal muscle of the chest wall.
  27. Peristalsis-
    A progressive, wavelike muscular movement that occurs involuntarily in the urinary and digestive system.
  28. Quadriceps Femoris-
    A large muscle on the anterior surface of the thigh that is composed of four separate muscles.
  29. Sartorius-
    A long narrow muscle of the thigh; the longest muscle of the body.
  30. Sheath-
    A covering structure of connective tissue, such as the membrane covering a muscle.
  31. Spasm-
    An involuntary sudden movement or convulsive muscular contraction.
  32. Sphincter-
    A circular muscle constricting an opening.
  33. Sternocleidomastoid-
    a Muscle of the chest arising from the sternum and inner part of the clavicle.
  34. Strain-
    Injury to muscles from tension caused by overuse or misuse.
  35. Tendon-
    Fibrous connective tissue serving to attach muscles to bones.
  36. Tendonitis-
    Inflammation of the tendon.
  37. Tibialis Anterior-
    A muscle of the leg.
  38. Torticollis-
    Stiff neck caused by spasmotic contraction of neck muscles drawing the head to one side with the chin pointing to the other; can be congenital or acquired.
  39. Trapezius-
    The large muscle of the back and neck.
  40. Triceps-
    The posterior muscles of the arm, that work as a team with biceps; the triceps straighten the elbow.
Card Set
11-6 he Muscular System
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