Skeletal system chapter 6

  1. canal
  2. condyle
    rounded projection
  3.  crest,crista
    high ridge
  4. facet
    small, smooth area
  5. foramen (plural: foramina)
    opening or hole
  6. fossa, fovea
    basinlike depression
  7. head
    rounded eminence or projection
  8. line
    low ridge
  9. meatus
    passage or opening
  10. process
    any projection
  11. sinus
    cavity or channel
  12. spine
    shap projection
  13. sulcus
    open,ditchlike groove
  14. suture
  15. trochanter
    broad, flat process
  16. tubercle
    small, rounded eminence
  17. tuberosity
  18. flexion
    bending at a joint, as the elbow
  19. extension
    straightening or unbending of a joint; this movement is the opposite of flexion
  20. abduction
    movement that draws a body part away from the midline of the body
  21. adduction
    movement that draws a body part toward the midline of the body
  22. rotation
    movement that turns a body part on its own axis,such as the turning of the head
  23. circumduction
    a movement describing a circle
  24. atlas
    first cervical vertebra
  25. axis
    second cervical vertebra
  26. cancellous bone
    inner spongy surface of long bones
  27. cervical
    vertebrae of the neck
  28. coccygeal
    vertebrae of the tail
  29. compact bone
    outer hard shell of bone
  30. diaphysis
    central part of the bone shaft
  31. epiphysis
    end part of developing bone
  32. epiphysitis
    inflammation of the epiphysis of a bone
  33. lumbar
    vertebrae of the back
  34. mandible
    movable portion of the skull;lower jaw
  35. maxilla
    portion of the skull; upper jaw
  36. osteoblasts
    bone-forming cells
  37. osteoclasts
    bone-remodeling cells
  38. osteology
    the study of bones
  39. periosteum
    membrane covering bone
  40. quadraped
    a four-footed animal
  41. sacrum
    fused sacral vertebrae resulting in one bone to which the pelvis is attached
  42.  thoracic
    vertebrae of the chest or thorax
  43. ungulates
    animals with hooves
  44. vertebrae
    spinal column bone
  45. arthrology
    the study of joints
  46. articulation
    the joining or connecting together as in a joint
  47. bursa
    sacs of synovial fluid
  48. cartilaginous
    joints containing cartilage that connect bone and permit slight movement, such as joints between vertebrae
  49. diathroses
    a joint type that allows free movement; also known as synovial joints
  50. fibrous
    joints that contain fibrous tissue that unites bone and permits no movement, such as skull sutures
  51. arthritis
    acute or chronic inflammation of one or more joints
  52. bursitis
    inflammation of bursa
  53. chondroma
    tumor of cartilage cell origin
  54. comminuted
    fracture in which there are multiple pieces or splinters
  55. compound
    type of fracture in which there is a open wound
  56. desmitis
    Inflammation of a ligament
  57. greenstick
     fracture in which on side of the bone is broken and the other side may be bent
  58. osetitis
    inflammation of bone
  59. osteoarthritis
    degenerative joint disease involving cartilage and synovia
  60. osteochondritis
    inflammation of cartilage of bone
  61. osteoma
    bone tissue tumor
  62. osteomalacia
    softening of bone
  63. osteomyelitis
    inflammation of bone involving periosteum, cancellous, and marrow tissue
  64. osteoporosis
    abnormal loss of bone density
  65. osteosarcoma
    malignant bone tumor
  66. spondylitis
    inflammation of the vertebrae
  67. synovitis
    inflammation of the synovial membrane of a joint
  68. transverse
    fracture at a right angle to its axis
  69. tendinitis
    inflammation of a tendon
  70. tendosynovitis
    inflammation of the tendon and its surrounding sheath
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Skeletal system chapter 6