Termination of care without transfer of care to an equal or greater level of care.
ABO Blood Groups
Four groups formed by the presence or absence of antigens know as A and B.
Person A - Antigens A - Can have A or O
Person B - Antigens B - Can have B or O
Person AB - Antigens A & B - Can have A, B, AB, O
Person O - No antigens - Can have O
High concentration of Hydrogen ions. pH below 7.35
Protection from infection or disease that is developed by the body after an exposure to an antigen or transfered to a person from outside sources (mother through the placent or a serum).
Movement of a substance through a cell membrane against the osmotic gradient. Requires energy.
ATP - high energy compound present in all cells.
agent that enhances the effects of other drugs
Law that is enacted by governmental agencies at either the federal or state level. Also called regulatory law.
Pertaining to the neurotransmitter norepinephrine
a document created to ensure that certain treatment choices are honoured when a pt is unconscious or otherwise unable to express his choice of treatment
Second stage of metabolism requiring oxygen where the breakdown of glucose yeilds energy
Force of attratction between a drug and a receptor.
The resistance a contraction of the heart must overcome in order to eject blood.
The drug that binds to a receptor and causes it to initiate the expected response
a drug that binds to a receptor and stimulates some of its effects while blocking others.
Aquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - group of signs, symptoms, and disorders that often develop as a result of HIV infection
Air in the vein
In blood, albumin works to maintain blood volume and pressure and provide colloid osmotic pressure which prevents plasma loss from the capillaries.
A low concentration of Hydrogen ions. pH above 7.45
an exhagerated immune response to an environmental antigen
Microscopic air sacs where gas exchange takes place
The constructive phase of metabolism in which living cells convert nonliving substances into living cytoplasm
The first stange in metabolism that does not require any oxygen. Gylcolysis.
The absence of the sensation of pain
Medication the relieves the sensation of pain
Life threatening allergic reaction, shock
Absence of all sensations
Medication that induces a loss of sensation to touch or pain
A drug used to treat high blood cholesterol
A drug that binds to a receptor but does not cause the expected response
A substacne produced by B lymphocytes in responce to a foreign antigen that will combind with and kill the invading antigen, thus preventing infection.
A drug that inhibits clotting
A drug that is used to prevent and treat abnormal cardiac rhythms
Medication used to prevent vommiting
The recognition, ingestion, and breakdown of a foreign antigen.
Markers on the surface of a cell that identifies it as self or non self
formed when an antibody binds to an antigen to deactivate it or destroy it
Antigen Presenting Cells
Cells such as macrophages that present portions of the antigens they have digested.
Medication that arrests the effects of histamine by blocking its receptors
A drug that is used to treat cancer
Medication that suppresses the stimulus to cought in the CNS
Anxious Avoidant Attachment
a type of bonding that occurs when an infant learns that his caregivers will not be responsive or helpful when needed
Anxious resistant Attachment
A type of bonding that occurs when an infant is uncertain about wether or not his care givers will be responsive when needed
Temporary stop in breathing
a response in which an inured cell releases enzymes that engulf and destroy itself.
Foreign material into the lungs
An act that unlawfully places a person in apprehension of immediate bodily harm without his consent
Test that determines the amount and purity of a given chemical in a lab
Decrease in cell size resulting from a reduced workload
drug administered through the mucous membranes of the ear and ear canal
An immune response to self antigens
Groups of autonomic nerve cells outside the CNS
a competent adult patients right to determine what happens to his body
The type of WBC that in response to an antigen produce antibodies that will attack the antigen, they develop memory, and confer long term immunity
Injury caused by pressure within an enclosed space
Granular WBC that similairly to mast cells, releases histamine and other chemicals that control constriction and dilation of blood vessels during inflammation
Unlawful touching of another without individual consent
The principle of doing good for the patient
test to assertain a drugs availability within a biological model
The amount of a drug that is still active after it reaches its target tissue
relative theraputic effectivness of chemically equivalent drugs
Biologic Half Life
Time it takes the body to clear 1/2 of a drug
Metabolism of drugs
Tight junctions of the capillary endothelial cells in the CNS vasculature through which only non-protein bound, highly soluble drugs can pass
Highly concentrated mass of medication
Breach of Duty
An action or inaction that violates the standard of care
Cheeks and Gums
Substance that tends to preserve or restore a normal acid base balance by increasing or decreasing the concentration of hydrogen ions
Measurment of exhaled CO2 concentrations
Cardiac Conractile Force
Strength of contraction
Amount of blood pumped in one minute SV x HR
Shock caused by insufficient CO. Inability of the heart to pump enough bloof to perfuse all parts of the body
Carrier Mediated Diffusion or Cascade
a series of actions - typical of the actions by plasm protens in the complement, coagulation and kinin systems
Destructive phase of metabolism in which cells breakdown complex sumstances into simple ones with a release of energy
Epinephrine and Norepinephrine, hormones that strongly affect the nervous and cardioascular systems, metabolic rate, temperature and smooth muscle
Cell Mediated Immunity
Short term immunityprovided to an antigen by a T lymphocyte, which directly attack the antigen but do not form antibodies or memory
Chemicals that attract WBC to the site of inflammation, a process called chemotaxis
Pertaining to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine
An excess of intravascular fluid volume
Division of the legal system that deals with noncriminal issues and conflicts between two or more parties
the development of receptors for every type of antigen. B Lymphocyte work
Process by which a specific antigen reacts with its receptor on the surface on an immature B lymphocyte, therby activating proliferation and diversification
Clotting system from a protein called Fibrin. Fibrin forms a network that walls off infection and forms a clot that stops bleeding
IV solution containing large proteins that cannot pass through the capillary membrane
Early stage of shock during which the bodies compensatory mechanisms are able to maintain normal perfusion
One drug binds to the receptor and causes the expected effect while also blocking another drug from triggering the same receptor
Group of plasma proteins that are dormant in teh blood until activated. When activated they are involved in most afpects of the inflammatory response
the stiffness or flexibility of the lung tissue
Most abundant; provides support, connection, and insulation
steroid hormone released by the adrenal cortex that regulates the metabolism of fats, carbs, sodium, potassium, and proteins. Has inflammatory effects.
Pressure applied in a posterior direction to the anterior cricoid cartilage in order to occlude the esophagus
membrane between the cricoid and thyroid cartillages of the larynx
IV solution with electrolytes but lacks the larger proteins associated with a colloid
Proteins, produced by WBCs, that regulate immune responses by binding with and affecting the function of cells that produce them.
the cleaning up or removal of debris, dead cells, and scabs from a wound
Advanced stage of shock where the bodied mechanisms are no longer able to maintain perusions. Also called progressive shock
Intentional false communication that ruins a persons reputation
the emptying of granules from the inside of a mast cell into the extracellular environment
Delayed Hypersensitivity Reaction
A while after exposure to an antigen. Less severe than immediate reactions.
Movement of WBCs out of the capillary through gaps that are created in the inflammaroty process
An agent that increases urine secretion and elimination of body water
Change in cell size, shape or appearance
Abnormal breathing rate, pattern or effort
Excess fluid in the interstital space
Drugs ability to cause the expected response
Toxins that are stored in the walls of bacteria that are released when the bacteria bies
Delivery of medication through the GI track
Granular WBCs that attack parasites and help control and limit the inflammatory response
The protective tissue that lines internal and external body tissues
Medication used to increase the productivity of a cough
common side effects of antipsychotic medications, inclusing muscle tremors.
A drug that acts of Thrombi to break it down
Cell that secretes collagen
Defect in the chest wall that allows it to move freely, causing paradoxical motion
measurment equal to approx 1/3 or a mm
Percentage of blood occupied by RBCs
elevated numbers of WBCs and RBCs
Acumulation of blood or fluid in the pleural cavity
Changes in a medications chemical composition that occurs in the liver
Substance released during degranulation of mast cells and basophils that through constriction and dilation of blood vessels will increase blood flow to the site of injury and also increase the ppermeability of vessel wall
Long term immunity to antigens by antibodies produced by B lymphocytes
Mechanism that increases respiratory stimulation in response to low oxygen levels
A competitive antagonist irreversibly binds to the receptor site
Slow reacting substances of anaphlyaxis - synthesized by mast cells during inflammatory response that cause vasodilation, vascular permeability, and chemotaxis
Shock resulting from brain or spinal cord injury that causes an interruption of nerve impulses
Patient remains conscious with decreased sensation of pain
reflex ilicited when a finger is placed in the palm of an infant
drug or other substance that blocks or inhibits the actions of the parasympathetic nervous system (anticholinergic)
drug or other substance that causes effects like those of the parasympathetic nervous sestem (cholinergic)
Outside the GI tract
how a drug interacts with the body to cause its effects
How a drug is absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and excreted
Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity
The interactions of the psychological, neurological, endocring, and immunological factors that contribute to alteration of the immune system as an outcome of a stress response that is not quickly resolved.
Drop in blood pressure of greater than 10 torr on inspiration
Rh positive and Rh negitive blood types are incompatible.
if cheek is touched by hand or cloth the infant will turn it head
Spread of toxins through the bloodstream
Blocks the actions of the SNS
mimics the actions of the SNS
Ration of lethal dose for 50% pop to the effective dose for 50% pop
Inflammation of the vein
Civil wrong committed by one person against another.