Foundations II

  1. allopathy
    traditional meds
  2. holism
    connection and interaction b/w parts of the whole
  3. integrative  care
    combo of allopathic and complementary and alternative moderations
  4. Allopathic medicine details
    • Mind and body are seperate
    • health=absence of disease
    • illness caused by pathogens or biochem imbalance
    • curing is by external agents
    • curing is faster if we destrot the invader and fix the affected part
    • emphesis on disease and tchnology
  5. Comp and Alt medicine details
    • mind, body, and spirit are integrated
    • health= state of dynamic balance of mental, social, spiritual, and physical systems
    • illness is imbalance
    • healing is done by patient and is a slow process
    • emphesis on healing
  6. comp and alt therapies details
    • large variety of therapies
    • often used for stress management and reduction, enhance quality of life
  7. Ayurveda
    Central is patients basic constitution - "dosha"
  8. Acupuncture
    Qi flows through the body through meridians
  9. Shamanism
    illness from spiritual world
  10. Homeopathy
    support the body while symptoms run their course, helps body and strengthens immune system
  11. chakara
    concentrated areas of energy aligned vertically in the body that related to each other as well as specific areas in the body/mind/spirit

    7 points of biophysical energy on the body
  12. therapeutic touch

    healing touch
    thr: use of hands on or near the body with intent to heal

    heal: use if a collection of energy techniques to assess and treat the human energy system. stimulate wound healing
  13. Herbal meds are not regulated
    Herbal meds are not regulated
  14. ICF and %

    ECF and %
    fluid w/n cells  70%

    fluid outside cells: includes intravascular and interstitial   30%
  15. hypo vs hypertonic solution on cells
    hypo= lesser concentration of particles in solution so cells SWELL

    hyper= greater concentration of particles so cells SHRINK
  16. isotonic solutions use
    used most commonly for extracellular volume replacement
  17. hypotonic solutions use
    To dilute extracellular fluid and rehydrates cells
  18. hypertonic solutions use
    can pull fluid from the intercellular spaces into the vascular space, resulting in cell shrinkage and circulatory overload
  19. daily fluid intake
    1500-3500 mL
  20. intake is stimulated by what?
    stimulated by thirst by the hypothalamus
  21. kidneys need to excrete how much urine?
    at least 20 mL per hour to eliminate waste
  22. IV sites
    start low and move up

    avoid using the legs in adults unless absolutely necessary

    2 inches from joint
  23. changing out IV parameters
    tubing and IV site every 72-96 hrs
  24. infiltration signs
    site becomes cool, pallor, clammy, swollen and painful
  25. hanging blood parameters
    4 hours max, then change it out no matter how much is left
Card Set
Foundations II