Which of the following statements about massage therapy today is NOT true?
a. it is rooted in tradition of natural healing
b. narrowly focused on medical applications
c. maintains a wellness perspective
d. holistic at its core
Recognition given to a school by a nongovernmental organization for upholding high educational standards is called ?
A detailed record of a student's performance while in school is called a ?
A credential given by a nongovernmental non-profit organization that attests to a person's competency in a given profession is called ?
In the U.S., what level of government typically regulates professions like massage therapy by issuing occupational licenses?
Nonprofit organizations run by elected leadership, whose mission is to promote their profession, to represent their members and the profession in the larger world, and to offer services to members are called ?
The growing acceptance of massage therapy by the general public is confirmed in ?
What chemical, when secreted into the blood stream, controls the metabolic processes of target cells?
Steroid hormones are very powerful because they ?
interact directly with DNA
T or F:
Hormones affect distant targets.
Which of the following organs is not a primary endocrine organ although it secretes hormones?
Why can steroids pass into the cell when other hormones cannot?
lipids can pass through cell membranes
Which of the following is NOT typically a way that hormone levels are regulated?
B. positive feedback
The "ideal" value for a body characteristic is called the ?
? feedback enhances a change in body chemistry.
If a hormone is under humoral control, what "organ" controls the hormone?
the endocrine gland itself
Oxytocin is released from the ?
The ? is controlled by hormones from the hypothalamus, and the ? actually secretes hypothalamic hormones.
anterior pituitary; posterior pituitary
This gland, under orders from the hypothalamus, releases hormones that control other endocrine glands.
Which gland does ACTH control?
Insulin ? blood sugar while glucagon ? blood sugar.
The ? secretes many different steroid hormones.
Excess secretion of hormones from this gland can cause rapid heart rate, high BP, and anxiety.
These 2 hormones secreted by the thyroid and parathyroid glands control blood calcium.
calcitonin and parathyroid hormone (PTH)
What are hormones?
chemical messengers released by endocrine glands.
How do hormones work?
bind to receptors on/in target cells
Describe "set point" and give 3 examples.
a standard level.
Describe process of negative feedback.
brings body's systems back to set point.
Describe process of positive feedback.
takes body's systems away from a set point. (vicious cycle)
Describe how these 3 ways of controlling hormone levels work.
Neural-hormones affected by nervous system
Hormonal-hormones affected by other hormones
Humoral-hormones affected by body fluids (blood)
Describe main functions of hypothalamus.
links nervous system and endocrine system. commander-in-chief
What are specific characteristics related to a profession?
-unique body of knowledge and skills
-standards and ethical conduct
What is the general standard length of entry level massage therapy programs?
(we get 661)
Why is continuing education important?
-keeps therapists up-to-date
-required for certification renewals
What is national certification?
credential given by a non-government, non-profit organization that attests to a person's competency
What does specialty certification mean?
to be certified in a specific massage and bodywork system (different modalities)
Give 2 examples of professional organizations and or service member groups which serve the massage therapy profession.
AMTA-American Massage Therapy Association
ABMP-Associated Bodywork and Massage Professionals
What is hydrotherapy?
use of water for healing
What is thermotherapy?
use of heat for healing
List 3 main contraindications for hot stone massage.