1. synopsis (n)
    • DEFINITION: A brief summary of the major points of a thesis, theory, story, or literary work
    • SENTENCE: If anyone has ever asked you to summarize a movie, you’ve provided them with a synopsis or brief summary.
    • SYNONYMS: a condensed version, epitome, abstract, abridgment, précis
    • ANTONYMS: drawn-out, wordy
  2. simile (n)
    • DEFINITION: A figure of speech that uses "like" or "as" to compare two unlike things
    • SENTENCE: An example of a simile: "You're as pretty as a peach."
    • SYNONYMS: comparison, parallel, allusion
  3. metaphor (n)
    • DEFINITION: A figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two unrelated objects (without "like" or "as")
    • SENTENCE: An example of a metaphor: "You know what I am? I'm a dog chasing cars. I just 'do' things. I'm a wrench in the gears."
    • SYNONYMS: comparison, parallel, allusion
  4. personification (n)
    • DEFINITION: A figure of speech in which an inanimate object is given human qualities/abilities
    • SENTENCE: An example of personification: "The sun smiled down on me."
  5. irony (n)
    • DEFINITION: A form of speech in which what we say or write conveys the opposite of its literal meaning
    • SENTENCE: An example of irony: In "Star Wars", Han Solo tells Jabba the Hutt that he is a "wonderful human being." Jabba is neither wonderful nor a human being.
  6. satire (n)
    • DEFINITION: A work that ridicules human vices and follies; comic criticism
    • SENTENCE: The TV show "The Office" provides a satire of unmotivated cubicle workers and clueless bosses.
    • SYNONYMS: banter, mockery, parody
  7. hyperbole (n)
    • DEFINITION: First, this word is pronounced high-PER-bo-lee. A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; extreme exaggeration
    • SENTENCE: An example of hyperbole: "I'm so tired I could sleep for a year."
    • SYNONYMS: amplification, distortion, enlargement
    • ANTONYMS: understatement
  8. caricature (n)
    • DEFINITION: A representation in which the subject's distinctive features are deliberately exaggerated for comic effect
    • SENTENCE: Modern cartoonists often caricature Jay Leno by exaggerating his already prominent chin.
    • SYNONYMS: cartoon, imitation, parody
  9. epic (n)
    • DEFINITION: A long narrative POEM written in a grand style to celebrate the feats of a hero
    • SENTENCE: "The Odyssey" is one of the world's most famous epics.
    • SYNONYMS: legend, saga, tale
    • ANTONYMS: short poem
  10. saga (n)
    • DEFINITION: A long narrative STORY; a heroic tale
    • SENTENCE: The Star Wars films are part of a well-known saga.
    • SYNONYMS: epic, chronicle, legend
    • ANTONYMS: short story
  11. euphony (n)
    • DEFINITION: Soothing or pleasant sounds; harmonious
    • SENTENCE: Alyssa's voice always fills a room with euphony.
    • SYNONYMS: melody, rhythm
    • ANTONYMS: cacophony
  12. cacophony (n)
    • DEFINITION: Pronounced kuh-CAW-fo-nee. Harsh clashing sounds; jarring; grating
    • SENTENCE: Eminem's harsh grating words and rhythm create a cacophonous sound.
    • SYNONYMS: discord, harshness, noise
    • ANTONYMS: silence, harmony
  13. osmosis (n)
    • DEFINITION: A gradual, often unconscious process of assimilation (think about the scientific process; here, this word is applied for everyday use)
    • SENTENCE: You can't learn vocab words by osmosis; you must study hard.
    • SYNONYMS: absorbtion, assimilation, diffusion, passage
  14. sedentary (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Settled and therefore accustomed to sitting or doing little exercise
    • SENTENCE: You guys should stop being so sedentary and go to the gym.
    • SYNONYMS: idle, inactive, seated, settled, stationary, torpid
    • ANTONYMS: activated, active, energetic, mobile
  15. movingvirulent (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Describing language that is bitterly hostile, hateful, and antagonistic. It can also mean poisonous
    • SENTENCE: The snake's virulent venom killed the little girl.
    • SYNONYMS: baneful, injurioius, malign, toxic, poisonous
    • ANTONYMS: harmless, healthy, nonpoisonous
Card Set
SAT Set 9