1. ____ or _______________ anatomy is the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye
    Gross, macroscopic
  2. ______________ is the study of everything in a specific region at the same time
    Regional anatomy
  3. ______________ studies systems
    Systems anatomy
  4. ________________ is the study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface.
    Surface anatomy
  5. ______________ deals with structures to small to be seen
    Microscopic anatomy
  6. _____________- is the study of cells in the body
  7. _______________ studies the bodies tissues
  8. _________________ traces structural changes that occur in the body throughout the life span
    Developmental anatomy
  9. _____________-- concerns developmental changes that occur before birth
  10. ________________- concerns kidney function and urine production
    Renal physiology
  11. _________________ explains the workings of the nervous system.
  12. _______________ examines the operation of the heart and blood vessels
    cardiovascular physiology
  13. The simplest level of the structural hierarchy is the
    chemical level
  14. Groups of similar cells that have common function
  15. Does cartilage contain blood vessels or nerves?
  16. Dense
  17. irregular connective tissue that surounds cartilage is called ________
    the perichonfrium, it resists outward expansion
  18. The perichondrium brings ____________ that bring the nutrients to the cartilage
    blood vessels
  19. What are the three types of cartilage and where are they found
    • Hyaline - covers the end of long bones, ribs, larynx, nose
    • Elastic - external ear and epiglotis
    • Fibrocartilage - menisci of the knee and invertebral discs
  20. What are the two ways collagen grows?
    • Appositional (outside)
    • Interstitial (inside)
  21. Describe appositional cartilage growth
    cells in the ichondrium secrete matrix against the external face of existing cartilage
  22. Explain interstitial cartilage growth
    Lacunae-bound chondrocytes inside the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix, expanding the cartilage from within
  23. Calcification of cartilage occurs during
    normal bone growth in young people and old age
  24. What are the two classifications of bones?
    • Axial skeleton-bones of the skull, vertebral column and ribcage
    • Appendecular skeleton-bones of the upp and lower limbs, shoulder and hip
  25. What are the 5 functions of bones?
    • Support-form the framework that supports te body and cradles soft tissue
    • Protection-provides a protective case for the brain, spinal cord and vital organs
    • Movement-provide levers for muscles
    • Mineral Storage-resevoir for minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus
    • Blood cell formation-hematopoisis occurs within the marrow cavities and bones
  26. Osteogenesis and ossification is
    the process of bone formation
  27. Intramembranous ossification is when
    bone developes from a fibrous membrane
  28. When bone forms by replacing hyaline cartilage it is called
    Endochondrial ossification
  29. The formation of most of the flat bones/frontal, parietal and occipital is called
    intramembranous ossification
  30. What are the stages of intramembranous ossification?
    • An ossification center appears in the fibrous connective tissue membrane
    • Bone matrix is secreted within thhe fibrous membrane
    • Woven bone and perioseum form
    • Bone collar of compact bone form and red marrow appear
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