Anatomy Carbohydrates

  1. Why are we carbon based organisms?
    • carbon can form complex bonding relationships with itself
    • carbon is aliphatic molecules, meaning that they can create complex chains formed by one carbon bonding with another aliphatic molecule
    • carbon has the ability to form homocyclic and heterocyclic ring structures
  2. What is an aliphatic molecule?
    contains carbon atoms linked in single or single and double bonds
  3. Types of homocylic structures
    • aromatic
    • non aromatic
  4. Types of heterocyclic molecules
    • pyran
    • furan
    • pyrrole
    • purine
    • pyrimidine
  5. Biochemical molecules of living systems are organic and include
    • carbohydrates
    • lipids
    • proteins
    • nucleic acids
    • high energy molecules
  6. Three types of carbohydrates
    • sugars
    • starch
    • cellulose
  7. Carbohydrates are important for?
    providing an energy source for metabolism
  8. Maltose is formed from which monosaccharides?
    glucose + glucose
  9. Lactose is formed from which monosaccharides?
    galactose + glucose
  10. Sucrose is formed from which monosaccharides?
    fructose and glucose
  11. Glucose, galactose and fructose have the chemical formula _____
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  15. Aldohexose
    contains an aldehyde and six carbons in size
  16. what is the main molecular difference between ribose and deoxyribose?
    Deoxyribose has an H attached to its second carbon where as ribose has an OH attached to its second carbon
Card Set
Anatomy Carbohydrates