A system of values (individualism, importance, of education and financial security), beliefs and practices that stems from ones concept of reality
Health care services that are delivered in an outpatient, or nonhospital, setting.
Infections acquired after admission into a health facility
Key elements involve the rught ti respectful and considerate care; accurate information about diagnosis, treatment and prognoses; informed consent; refusal of treatment; privacy confidentiality; advance directives review about own treatment; know identities and role of personel involved in care; knowing information and business relationship of those providing care
Paitents Bill of Rights
Major area of laboratory services where blood and other types of blood fluids and tissues are analyzed
Health care delivered in a hospital setting that is usually associated with a hospitol stay of less tha 30 days.
Health care services that are provided for more than 30 days
Refers to test and procedures that are actually performed at the patients bedside
Performance expectations that include entry-level skills, tasks, and roles performed by the designated health care worker.
In health care facilities, what are typical fomites?
Which of the foloowing is\are considered sources of nosocomial infections?
Include chlorine bleach solution
Remove or kill pathogenic microrganisms
A phlebotomist had to avoid contact with patients for 24 hours after being started on an appropiate antiseptic and appearing symptom-free. What typesof infection could he or she have acquired for the above work limitations to apply?
Airbourne precautions may be required for patients infected with which condition(s)?
Standard precautions are a combination of which of the following?
Universal precaustions and BSI practices
The chain of nosocomial infections can be interrupted between mode of transmission and susceptible host by using which of the following?
Use of disposal equipment
Factors that affect hist susceptability include which of the foloowing?
Degree and nature of Illness
Statues of Host's immune system
Examples of setting the standard of care include
Health care Facilities policies
On the elevator, a blood collector was discussing her colleagues that the patient in hospital room #8421 has AIDS. The blood collector was unaware that the patient's father was on the same elevator. What type of Legal action could evolve from this incident?
Bedside manner refers to the health care workers body position during venipuncture on a nedridden patient.
Most patients admit that what they hate the most about being hospitalized is neing stuck.
A phlebotomist should never introduce him or herself to the patient.
Patients might feel faint or ill during a venipuncture procedure.
Exact technical terminology should be used to explain a collection procedure to a patient.
Sarcasm can easily be communicated by the tone of a health care worker's voice.
Good grooming on the part of the phlebotomists communicated cleanliness and instills confidence in a person.
Unless there is a critical timing issue, phlebotomists should delay a venipuncture if the patient is visiting with a priest or a chaplain. Clergy and patients have the right to visit privatley.
Ethical behavior for phlebotomists usually indicated the concepts of honesty, integrity, and reguard for the dignity of the patient.
Glass collection tubes are not desirable since risk of exposure to bloodbourne pathogens is increased due to possible breakage.
The external tube diameter and length plus the maximum amount of specimen to be drawn into the vacuum are the two criteria used to describe vacuum tube size
Tubes do not have an expiration date
Anticoagulant often contain preservatives that can shorten the metabolism and life span of the red blood cell after blood collection.
False it extends the metabolism
Coagulation of blood can be prevented by the addition of oxalates, citrates, ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) or heparin
The vanishpoint blood collection tube holder and small diameter tube adapter contain no ruber latex.
The butterly needle is also referred to as a blood collection set or winged infusion set.
Tourniquets are used in specimem collection to apply enough pressure to the arm to slow the return of arterial blood to the heart
False its venous
Lasette penetrates to a depth of 3 to 5 mm and 250mm wide.
Glycolysis in RBC's and WBC's causes a decrease in blood pH that can be detected after a blood gas sample has been stored at room temperature for ~ 20 min.
____ topped vacuum tubes should not be used for collections for blood smears that are to be stained with Wrights stain.
Many Coagulations procedures, such as PT and APTT are done in blood collected in ____-topped vacuum tubes which contains sodiuum citrate at a concentration of 3.2 or 3.8 percent
A ____-topped tubes with buffered sodium cirtrate is available for blood collection used to determine the erythrocytes sedimentation rate.
The ____ topped tubes are used to collect samples for nutritional studies, Therapeutic drug monitoring and toxicology.
____ topped vacuum tubes usually contains (1) potassium oxalate and sodium flouride or (2) lithium iodoacetate and heparin.
The ___ topped tubes undicate a tube without anticoagulants for the collection of serum
The ___ topped vacuum tubes containing EDTA are used for most hamatology procedures
The ___ topped tube contains heparin or no additives and is used for blood lead values.
The ___ topped tube is used for lead testing and contains EDTA
The anticoagulant soduim heparin, ammonium heparin, and lithium heparin are found in ___ topped vacuum tubes
The additive Sodium polyanethol sulfonate is in the ___ topped tubes for blood culture specimen collections in micobiology.
____tubes contain EDTA and are used for blood bank collections
The measuring stick representing the conduct of the average health care provider in the community is the definition for
Standard of Care
Which of the following exists when immediate action is required to save a patient's life?
Malpractice legal cases involving health care provider's is based on the average health care provider in
The national community
Which of the following interprets how statutory law applies to a given set of facts?
The use of electronic transfer of patients medical information is regulated by:
A phlebotomists attempting to collect blood from a patient inserted the needle through the vein, through the muscle and into the nerve. This is grounds for:
Societal rules or regulation
A violation of a duty to exercise resonable skill and care in performing a task refers to:
When a health care provider gives aid at an accident he or she is usially protected through
Failure to act or perform duties according to standards of the profession is
Which of the following agencies evaluates the safety, clinical efficiacy and medical efficacy of the equipment and supplies used in blood collection
Which of the following agencies maintains national survaeillance of health care workers accidental exposures?
In legal cases what a resonable prudent person would do under similar circumstances refers to:
Standard of care
If a physician orders laboratory tests for diagnoses, and the patients comes to the laboratory with a rolled-up sleeve, he or she is givine