4th grade Social Studies Unit 1 Test Flashcards

  1. Tools, weapons, clothes, or articles used by people long ago are called...
  2. The Native American tribe that built a city near the Mississippi River across from where St. Louis is now were called the...
  3. The city this Native American tribe built was across from St. Louis near the Mississippi River.  This city was named...
  4. Permanent homes made of wood and grasses near forests that Native Americans built in the Eastern part of the U.S. were called...
  5. Homes the Plains Indians lived in that could be packed up and moved to follow the bison were called...
  6. A government set up by 5 Native American tribes where each member had to say in how the government was run was called...
    Iroquois League
  7. The group of men who gathered to write the U.S. constitution were called the...
    The Founders
  8. A European explorer who wanted to find a faster route from Europe to Asia.
    Christopher Columbus
  9. The country who controlled Mexico, much of South America and most of the southwestern U.S. and Florida.
  10. The group who left England in search of religious freedom in 1620.
  11. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  12. Two men leading the expedition that made maps and recorded information found while exploring the Louisiana Territory.
    Lewis and Clark
  13. This man is known as the "Father of the Constitution" because he planned, wrote and fought for its approval.
    James Madison
  14. Two people who went on the Louisiana expedition as guides were...
    Carbonneau and Sacajawea
  15. The name of the document the Founders came up with to describe our new system of government.
    The Constitution
  16. The Native American's economy (or the way a group uses or produces natural resources, goods, and service) was closely related to their...
  17. When the Europeans started to come to North American many Native Americans dies, why?
    The Europeans brought over diseases which killed many Native Americans.
  18. In 1607 the English set up the first successful colony in Virginia.  What was it's name?
  19. In the French and Indian War which side did the Native Americans joint to fight with?
    The French
  20. The French and Indian War cost Great Britain a lot of money.  How did they try to earn the money back?
    They taxed the colonists.
  21. When Great Britain started taxing tea, how did the colonists show they disagreed with the tax?
    They sneaked onto the British ships and dumped all the tea out in the Boston Tea Party.
  22. What did the colonists know they would have to do once they signed and sent the Declaration of Independence?
    Be ready to fight Great Britain for their independence.
  23. What countries decided to help the colonists win their war of Independence at the last minute?
    France and Spain
  24. Why did the colonists move west of the Appalachian Mountains after the Revolutionary War?
    The settlers wanted inexpensive land and Great Britain would not let them move past the Appalachian Mountains.
  25. When the settlers first moved past the Appalachian Mountains how did they intend to get the land from the Native Americans?
    By paying the Native Americans for it.
  26. Why did France offer the Louisiana Territory to Thomas Jefferson?
    They needed the money for a war they were fighting against Great Britain.
  27. How much did the French sell the Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for?
    $15 million dollars
  28. What were the 3 main forms of transportation in the 1800?
    Horseback, wagon, and boat
  29. What was the Erie Canal?
    A man-made waterway that connected the Hudson River to the Great Lakes.
  30. On January 1, 1863 Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation declared what?
    All enslaved people in the Confederacy "shall be...forever free"
  31. What group was formed to help get employers to agree to better wages and safer working conditions in the 1800's?
    Labor Unions
  32. What was the name for the land north of the Ohio River?
    The Northwest Territory
  33. What was the name of the terrible times our country faced after the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929?
    The Great Depression
  34. What was the name of Franklin Roosevelt's plan that created jobs to improve life during the Great Depression?
    The New Deal
  35. What is discrimination?
    Unfair differences in the way people are treated.
  36. What was the name of the movement in the U.S. that tried to end discrimination in the 1950's and 60's?
    The Civil Rights Movement
  37. What happened on September 11, 2001?  Also known as 9-11.
    Terrorists took over American planes and ran them into the Twin Towers in New York.
  38. What new department was made to keep our country secure after 9-11?
    The Department of Homeland Security
  39. What was the first war fought on American soil with Great Britain and another country?
    The French and Indian War
  40. Name the war fought against Great Britain by the American colonists to gain their independence.
    Revolutionary War
  41. Name the war fought over slavery.
    The Civil War
  42. The "Great War" fought in 1914 when European countries struggled for power.
    World War I
  43. In 1933 England, France, and the Soviet Union fought Germany, Italy and Japan - We joined in when Japan bombed us at Pearl Harbor.  What was the name of this war?
    World War II (2)
  44. A new kind of war where the U.S. and Soviet Union did not fight with guns, but with ideas, money and the strongest weapons to back them up.
    The Cold War
  45. The U.S. vowed to help countries attacked by communists so we got into this war with the North and South Koreans.  What was the name of this war?
    The Korean War
  46. In 1961 - 1975 we sent troops to defend this country being attacked by communists.  What war was it?
    The Vietnam War
Card Set
4th grade Social Studies Unit 1 Test Flashcards
Study for 4th grade social studies unit 1 test