Ch.13 part 2 - cognitive development in early adulthood

  1. Postformal thought
    • -adult cognition typically reflects an awareness of multiple truths, integrates logic w/ reality, and tolerates the gap btwn the ideal and real.
    • -beyond piaget's formal operations
  2. Perry's theory of Epistemic Cognition:
    dualistic thinking, relativistic thinking, commitment w/in relativistic thinking.
    • -according to this theory, college students move from dualistic thinking, dividing info into right and wrong, to relativistic thinking, awareness of multiple truths.  
    • -Eventually the most mature individuals progress to commitment within relativistic thinking, a perspective that synthesizes contradictions.
  3. advances in epistemic cognition
    -advance depend on gains in metacognition, and peer collaboration on challenging problems.
  4. Labouvie Vief's theory: pragmatic though and cognitive affective complexity
    • -theory  suggests that the need to specialize motivates adults to progress from the ideal world of possibilties to pragmatic thought, which uses logic as a tool to solve real world problems & accepts contradiction, imperfection, and need to compromise.
    • -as a result adults gain in cognitive affective complexity, coordination of pos and neg feelings into a complex and organized structure.
  5. Expertise
    specialization in college and jobs leads to expertise which is necessary for creativity.
  6. Creativity
    • -involves formulating new problems and questions.
    • -although creativity tends to rise in early adulthood and to peak in the late 30's or early 40's its development varies across individuals and disciplines.
  7. College experience and dropout
    • -college involvement promotes gains in knowledge, reasoning, revised attitudes and values, enhanced self understanding, self esteem, and prepares for a high status career.
    • -dropout rates are higher in less selective colleges and ethnic minority students from low ses families.
    • -dropout especially likely during freshman year.
  8. development of Vocational choice (3 periods -FTR)
    • -fantasy period- children explore career options by fantasizing about them
    • -tentative period- teens weigh different careers against their interests, abilities, and values.
    • -realistic period- young people settle on a vocational category and then a specific occupation.
  9. Early adulthood age range and mid adulthood range
    • 18-40 early
    • 40-65 mid
  10. Levinson's seasons (4 stages)
    • young-old: new ways to be young and new ways to be old in positive way. example, letting go of physical attractiveness.
    • destruction-creation: more focus on what they did that was destructive in the past and then creating something from that.
    • masculintiy-feminity: striking a balance
    • engagement-seperateness: balance of your own goals and others' goals.
  11. grandparenthood
    • -most people become gparents between age 50 for women and 52 for men.
    • -1/3 of our life will be spent as gparents.
  12. fluid knowledge and crystallized
    • crystallized - general world knowledge, skills vocab.
    • fluid - spd of processing
  13. menopause
    • early if you have smoked or never had kids.
    • increase in body temp.
  14. socioemotional selectivity theory
    younger adults have more time perspective vs older.
  15. marrying before 23 usually bad and after 23 is better
    • before 23 usually bad and after 23 is better
    • -most divorces are in first 7 years.
    • -first few years of 2nd marriage are most critical to determine divorce again
  16. life structure
    relationships u have as an individual (not just with people)
  17. sequential progression 
    • early: dream about urself in real world.
    • mid: mentor stage
    • early 30s: exapands
  18. emerging adulthood
    • 20-29
    • more control
Card Set
Ch.13 part 2 - cognitive development in early adulthood
ch 13