Health Unit Science Flashcards

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  1. How many servings of grains is recommended a day?
    6 - 11 servings a day
  2. How many servings of fruits are recommended a day?
    2 - 4 servings a day
  3. How many servings of vegetables are recommended a day?
    3 - 5 servings a day
  4. How many servings of meat, fish, and poultry are recommended in a day?
    2 - 3 servings a day
  5. These bones move only a small amount.  They are found in places like the rib cage.  What are they called?
    Partly movable joints
  6. These joints slide against one another like a sliding glass door and can be found in places like the wrist and hand.  What are they called?
    Gliding joints
  7. This joint works like a door opening and closing allowing bones to move back and forth in one direction.  What are they called?
    Hinge joints
  8. The rounded end of one bone fits into a cup like shape in the other.  These joints allow the bones to move back and forth and in a circular motion and side to side.  What are they called?
    Ball and socket joint
  9. I am the system that helps the body fight germs.
    Immune system
  10. Name the 5 senses.
    Seeing, hearing, touching, taste, and smell
  11. Name the 3 jobs of the skeletal system.
    • It gives the body shape.
    • It protects organs in the body.
    • It works with the muscles to move the body.
  12. These bones fit together like a puzzle and are found in places like the skull.  What kind of joints are they?
    Immovable joints.
  13. I am the system in charge of breaking down food into simple substances your body can use.  What system am I?
    The digestive system
  14. I am the system in charge of getting rid of the waste products your body cannot use.  What system am I?
    Excretory system
  15. I am the system that consists of the brain, spinal cord and nerves.  What system am I?
    Nervous system
  16. I am the system that is made up of glands that produce hormones.  What system am I?
    Endocrine system
  17. I am the frame that is made up of the bones that support the body.  What system am I?
    Skeletal system
  18. I am the system in charge of pulling your bones to make your body move and I also make up many of your organ.  What system am I?
    Muscular system
  19. I am the system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.  What system am I?
    Circulatory system
  20. I am the system in charge of getting oxygen to the body.  What system am I?
    Respiratory system
  21. This joint can move up and down and side to side.  It is found between the skull and neck.  What joint is it?
    Pivot joint
  22. The materials in foods that our body uses to grow and stay healthy is called...
  23. The blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called...
  24. The bottom chamber of the heart is called the...
  25. The main muscle that controls breathing is called...
    The diaphragm
  26. The largest part of the brain is called...
    The cerebrum
  27. The part of the brain that controls your heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestive muscles is the...
  28. The measurement of chemical energy in foods.
  29. Chemicals that control body functions are...
  30. These filter out harmful materials in the body and produce white blood cells to fight germs.
    Lymph nodes
  31. This type of muscle is attached to the bones and pulls the bones to make them move.
    Skeletal muscles
  32. This is the muscle found in the heart that contracts to squeeze the blood out of the heart and relaxes to fill the heart with blood.
    Cardiac muscle
  33. This is the muscle type that makes up the internal organs and blood vessels.
    Smooth muscle
  34. How many bones are in the adult body?
    206 bones
  35. Name the 3 kinds of joints.
    • Immovable
    • Partly movable
    • Movable
  36. Name the 4 kinds of movable joints.
    • Gliding joints
    • Hinge joints
    • ball and socket
    • and pivot joints
  37. Name the tough cord that attaches the muscle to the bone.
  38. What do red blood cells do?
    They carry oxygen and nutrients to the cells.
  39. What do white blood cells do?
    They fight germs that enter the body.
  40. What do we call the upper chambers of the heart?
    The right and left atriums
  41. How big is your heart?
    The size of your fist
  42. What does air travel through to get to the bronchial tubes and lungs?
    The trachea
  43. How much does a lung weigh?
    About one pound
  44. What system do the sweat glands belong to?
    The excretory system
  45. Name the tiny finger-like projections in the small intestine used to absorb digested food.
  46. What do the kidneys and liver work to remove from the body?
  47. Name the 2 parts of the nervous system.
    Central Nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) and the outer nervous system (the nerves)
  48. Where is the cerebellum located?
    Below the cerebrum
  49. Name two vitamins and minerals the bones need.
    Calcium and phosphorus
  50. Name the two kinds of carbohydrates.
    Starch and sugar
  51. A main source of energy and there are two kinds:  starch and sugar.
  52. This keeps the body tissue healthy and protects you from illness.  It is found in plants and animals.
  53. This mainly comes from the earth.  It helps your blood, muscles, nervous system, and growth functioning.  There are 3 main kinds:  calcium, iron, and zinc.  What are they?
  54. This is a part of every living cell - it helps the body grow and repair body cells.  It is found in dairy products, meats, and nuts.
  55. This helps the body use other nutrients and store vitamins.  It keeps the body warm and helps the brain and other tissues to work.  You only need it in small amounts.
  56. This helps remove waste, protects joints and other body parts and keeps temperature regulated.
  57. How many servings of dairy do you need each day?
    2 - 3 servings a day
  58. How much fat do you need each day?
    You should eat it sparingly
  59. How often in a week should you substitute activity for inactivity?
  60. How often each week should you do aerobic activities like:  active sports, jogging, or biking.
    3 - 5 times a week.
  61. How often a week should you engage in leisure activities like golf, softball, and gardening?
    2 - 3 times a week.
  62. How much each week should you do inactive pastimes like watch TV, board games, or talking on the phone.
Card Set
Health Unit Science Flashcards
4th grade flashcards for health unit in science
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