Humanistic theory - personality

  1. What is Psychology (2)
    • Study of how/why people differ
    • socially/culturally constructed concept
  2. Humanistic theory development (5)
    • emerged in 60s
    • in reaction to pessamistic approaches to psychology
    • has optimistic outlook on human nature and personal development
    • doesn't see conflict as inevitable
    • behaviour influenced by our perceptions
  3. Carl Rogers' theory details (5)
    • 'client centred therapy'
    • warm supportive approach focused on feelings
    • client does own growing
    • unconditional positive regard
    • client has answers and directions - therapist need to help them find it
  4. Process of psychological growth is called
  5. Carl Rogers Key concepts:
    • Unconditional positive regard`
    • Non-judgmental attitude
    • Disclosure
    • Reflection
  6. CR - Why need unconditional positive regard? (3)
    what does involve therapist doing?
    • client won't disclose everything
    • client might feel unworthy
    • client may hold onto negative aspects of themselves

    Therapist must believe that people are basically good and demonstrate this to client
  7. CR - Why must therapist have non-judgmental attitude?
    Rogers believed people are competent in seeing their mistakes and knowing change is needed even if don't initially admit it
  8. CR - therapist for disclosure
    Therapist must disclose too, research shows we share as much as the other does
  9. CR - What therapist does for refletion
    • People say their beliefs are more real when they are repeated back to them by someone else.¬†
    • Therapist must reflect clients beliefs, not interpret them
  10. Basic ideas behind humanistic Psychology (4)
    • the present is the most important aspect of the person, therefore humanists focus on now, not past or future
    • H theory is reality based and to be psychologically healthy, people must take responsibility for themselves, whether person's actions are positive or negative
    • The individual by being human posses inherent worth. If actions are negative, doesn't make person negative.
    • The goal of life should always be personal growth and understanding. Only through self-improvement and self-knowledge can one be truly happy.
  11. Abraham Masolw's theory
    -name of process
    • self-actualisation
    • hierarchy of needs
    • without meeting initial needs of triangle, not able to continue our life and move up
  12. First level (bottom)
    • Physiological
    • Physiological needs eg food, water, sleep, oxygen
  13. Second level
    • Safety and security
    • seek safety through others and strive to find a world that will protect us and keep us from harm
  14. Third level
    • Belonging and love needs
    • focuses on desire to be accepted and fit in and to feel like we have a place in the world
  15. forth level
    • Esteem needs
    • focus energy on self respect, respect from others and feel we have made accomplishments, strive to move up in careers, gain knowledge about world
  16. Need for self-actualisation
    • very few people reach this stage
    • refers to complete understanding of self
  17. Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    Deficiency (4) botton to top
    Growth (4)
    • Physiological
    • Safety
    • Belonging and love
    • esteem

    • understanding
    • Aesthetic
    • self actualisation
    • transcendence
  18. Features of Humanistic theories
    • motivation for behaviour is unique to person's tendencies (innate and learnt) to develop and change in positive directions towards self-actualisation¬†
    • drive for self-actualisation conflicts with need for approval
    • All theories move towards self-actualisation
Card Set
Humanistic theory - personality
Carl Rogers theories