1. propitious
    ADJ. /吉利的;有利的/favorable; fortunate; advantageous. Chloe consulted her horoscope to see whether Tuesday would be a propitious day to dump her boyfriend.
  2. proponent
    N. /支持者;建议者/supporter; backer; opposite of opponent. In the Senate, proponents of the universal health care mea¬sure lobbied to gain additional support for the controversial legislation.
  3. propound
    V. /提出/put forth for analysis. In your discussion, you have propounded several questions; let us consider each one separately.
  4. propriety
    N. /适当/fitness; correct conduct. Miss Manners coun¬sels her readers so that they may behave with due propriety in any social situation and not embarrass themselves.
  5. propulsive
    ADJ. /推进的;有推进力的/driving forward. The jet plane has a greater propulsive power than the engine-driven plane.
  6. prosaic
    ADJ. /事实的;平淡的;缺乏想象力的/dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; factual. Though the ad writers came up with an original way to pub¬licize the product, the head office rejected it for a more pro¬saic, ordinary slogan.
  7. proscribe
    V. /禁止/ostracize; banish; outlaw. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus proscribed all those who had conspired against Julius Caesar.
  8. proselytize
    V. /劝其改宗;改宗/convert to a religion or belief. In these inter¬faith meetings, there must be no attempt to proselytize; we must respect all points of view.
  9. prosperity
    N. /繁荣;好运/good fortune; financial success; physical well-being. Promising to stay together "for richer, for poorer," the newlyweds vowed to be true to one another in prosperity and hardship alike.
  10. prostrate
    V. /弄倒;降伏/stretch out full on ground. He prostrated him¬self before the idol. alsoADJ.
  11. protean
    ADJ. /变化多端的/versatile; able to take on many shapes. A remarkably protean actor, Alec Guinness could take on any role.
  12. protégé
    N. /被保护人/person receiving protection and support from a patron. Born with an independent spirit, Cyrano de Berg¬erac refused to be a protégé of Cardinal Richelieu.
  13. protocol
    N. /协议/diplomatic etiquette. We must run this state dinner according to protocol if we are to avoid offending any of our guests.
  14. prototype
    N. /原型/original work used as a model by others. The crude typewriter on display in this museum is the prototype of the elaborate machines in use today.
  15. protract
    V. /延长/prolong. Seeking to delay the union members' vote, the management team tried to protract the negotia¬tions endlessly.
  16. protrude
    V. /突出/stick out. His fingers protruded from the holes in his gloves. protrusion, N.
  17. protuberance
    N. /隆起;突出;瘤/protrusion; bulge. A ganglionic cyst is a fluid-filled tumor that develops near a joint membrane or tendon sheath, and that bulges beneath the skin, forming a protuberance.
  18. provident
    ADJ. /有远见的/displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies. In his usual provident manner, he had insured himself against this type of loss.
  19. provincial
    ADJ. /省级的;视野不宽的;简单的/pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated. As provincial governor, Sir Henry adminis¬tered the Queen's law in his remote corner of Canada. Caught up in local problems, out of touch with London news, he became sadly provincial.
  20. provisional
    ADJ. /临时的/tentative. Kim's acceptance as an Ameri¬can Express card holder was provisional: before issuing her a card, American Express wanted to check her employment record and credit history.
  21. provocative
    ADJ. /煽动的;刺激的;激怒的/arousing anger or interest; annoying. In a typically provocative act, the bully kicked sand into the weaker man's face.
  22. provoke
    V. /激怒;惹;煽动;挑起/stir to anger; cause retaliation. In order to pre¬vent a sudden outbreak of hostilities, we must not provoke our foe. provocation, N; provocative,ADJ.
  23. prowess
    N. /非常勇猛/extraordinary ability; military bravery. Perform¬ing triple axels and double lutzes at the age of six, the young figure skater was world famous for her prowess on the ice.
  24. proximity
    N. /接近;亲近/nearness. Blind people sometimes develop a compensatory ability to sense the proximity of objects around them.
  25. proxy
    N. /代理/authorized agent. Please act as my proxy and vote for this slate of candidates in my absence.
  26. prude
    N. /规矩的人;正经人;故作正经的人/excessively modest person. The X-rated film was definitely not for prudes, prudish,ADJ.
  27. prudent
    ADJ. /谨慎的/cautious; careful. A miser hoards money not because he is prudent but because he is greedy. prudence, N.
  28. prune
    V. /切掉;修剪/cut away; trim. With the help of her editor, she was able to prune her overlong manuscript into publishable form.
  29. prurient
    ADJ. /好色的;渴望的/having or causing lustful thoughts and desires. Aroused by his prurient impulses, the dirty old man leered at the sweet young thing and offered to give her a sample of his "prowess."
  30. pseudonym
    N. /假名;笔名/pen name. Samuel Clemens' pseudonym was Mark Twain.
  31. psyche
    N. /灵魂/soul; mind. It is difficult to delve into the psyche of a human being.
  32. pterodactyl
    N. /翼龙/extinct flying reptile. The remains of ptero¬dactyls indicate that these flying reptiles had a wingspan of as much as twenty feet.
  33. puerile
    ADJ. /幼稚的,孩子气的/childish. His puerile pranks sometimes offended his more mature friends.
  34. pugilist
    N. /拳击家/boxer. The famous pugilist Cassius Clay changed his name to Muhammed Ali.
  35. pugnacity
    N. /好斗的/combativeness; disposition to fight. "Put up your dukes!" he cried, making a fist to show his pugnacity. pugnacious,ADJ.
  36. pulchritude
    N. /美丽;标致/beauty; comeliness. I do not envy the judges who have to select this year's Miss America from this collection of female pulchritude.
  37. pulverize
    V. /磨碎;粉碎/crush or grind into dust. Before sprinkling the dried herbs into the stew, Michael first pulverized them into a fine powder.
  38. pummel
    V. /用拳头打/beat or pound with fists. Swinging wildly, Pam pummeled her brother around the head and shoulders.
  39. punctilious
    ADJ. /谨小慎微的;一丝不苟的/laying stress on niceties of conduct or form; minutely attentive to fine points (perhaps too much so). Percy is punctilious about observing the rules of eti¬quette whenever Miss Manners invites him to stay. punctil¬iousness.N.
  40. pundit
    N. /博学者;梵文学家/authority on a subject; learned person; expert. Some authors who write about SAT I as if they are pundits actually know very little about the test.
  41. pungent
    ADJ. /刺激的;辛辣的;尖锐的/stinging; sharp in taste or smell; caustic. The pungent odor of ripe Limburger cheese appealed to Simone but made Stanley gag.
  42. punitive
    ADJ. /惩罚的/punishing. He asked for punitive measures against the offender.
  43. puny
    ADJ. /不显著的;不明显的;细微的/insignificant; tiny; weak. Our puny efforts to stop the flood were futile.
  44. purchase
    N. /赢得;换得;努力争取得;购买/firm grasp or footing. The mountaineer strug¬gled to get a proper purchase on the slippery rock. (sec¬ondary meaning)
  45. purge
    V. /净化;清除;拉肚子/remove or get rid of something unwanted; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify. When the Communist government purged the party to get rid of members sus¬pected of capitalist sympathies, they sent the disloyal mem¬bers to labor camps in Siberia.
  46. purported
    ADJ. /传说的;谣传的/alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored. The purported Satanists sacrificing live roosters in the park turned out to be a party of Shriners holding a chicken barbecue.
  47. purse
    V. /折叠;褶皱;钱包;手提包(女式)/pucker; contract into wrinkles. Miss Watson pursed her lips to show her disapproval of Huck's bedrag¬gled appearance.
  48. purveyor
    N. /承办商/furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer. As purveyor of rare wines and viands, he traveled through France and Italy every year in search of new products to sell.
  49. pusillanimous
    ADJ. /懦弱的;优柔寡断的/cowardly; fainthearted. You should be ashamed of your pusillanimous conduct during this dispute.
  50. putrid
    ADJ. /恶臭的;腐烂的/foul; rotten; decayed. The gangrenous condi¬tion of the wound was indicated by the putrid smell when the bandages were removed. putrescence, N.
  51. pyromaniac
    N. /纵火狂/person with an insane desire to set things on fire. The detectives searched the area for the pyroma¬niac who had set these costly fires.
  52. quack
    N. /骗子;吹嘘的人/charlatan; impostor. Do not be misled by the exorbitant claims of this quack; he cannot cure you.
  53. quadruped
    N. /四足动物/four-footed animal. Most mammals are quadrupeds.
  54. quaff
    V. /一饮而尽/drink with relish. As we quaffed our ale, we lis¬tened to the lively songs of the students in the tavern.
  55. quagmire
    N. /沼泽;湿地/soft wet boggy land; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself. Up to her knees in mud, Myra wondered how on earth she was going to extricate herself from this quagmire.
  56. quail
    V. /懦弱;胆怯/cower; lose heart. The Cowardly Lion was afraid that he would quail in the face of danger.
  57. quaint
    ADJ. /离奇古怪的;做的精巧的;过时的/odd; old-fashioned; picturesque. Her quaint clothes and old-fashioned language marked her as an eccentric.
  58. qualified
    ADJ. /有资格的;有限制的;被限制的/limited; restricted. Unable to give the candi¬date full support, the mayor gave him only a qualified endorsement. (secondary meaning)
  59. qualms
    N. /担心,害怕;担惊受怕;愧对良心/misgivings; uneasy fears, especially about mat¬ters of conscience. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen; I know she will handle it admirably.
  60. quandary
    N. /两难的困境/dilemma. When both Harvard and Stanford accepted Laura, she was in a quandary as to which school she should attend.
  61. quarantine
    N. /隔离/isolation of person or ship to prevent spread of infection. We will have to place this house under quaran¬tine until we determine the exact nature of the disease. alsoV.
  62. quarry
    N. /猎物;受害者/Victim; object of a hunt. The police closed in on their quarry.
  63. quarry
    V. /挖掘出,寻找出/dig into. They quarried blocks of marble out of the hillside. also N.
Card Set