Herbal Medicine 10

  1. Bone et al (1995:16) conducted a study of a small number of
    university students which found that Echinacea was probably
    efficacious in the prophylaxis and treatment of colds and
    influenza, but recommended a larger sample size to better
    bear this out statistically.
    • Andrographis paniculata
    •  A common annual plant throughout India
    •   Clinical studies in bacterial and viral
    • demonstrated good effects, implying an
    • immunostimulant effect
  2. Other actions
     Cardiovascular Activity
     ? Anti-fertility Activity (in female mice)
     Hepatoprotective and Choleretic Activities
     Medicinal Uses
     Acute and chronic infections
     Weakened immunity
     Worm infestations
    • Traditionally considered to be superior to Quinine in
    • the treatment of Malaria
    •  Toxic liver damage
    •  liver infections
    •  poor liver function
    •  Potential value in cardiovascular disease
    •  Contraindicated in pregnancy
  3. Adverse Effects
     High doses may cause
    gastric discomfort,
    anorexia and vomiting,
    non toxic
    Andrographis should not be used during human
    pregnancy, especially in the first trimester.
    • Cat's Claw Uncaria tomentosa
    • Decoction of the bark is used to treat degenerative processes
    • (including cancer), inflammatory conditions, gastric ulcers,
    • diabetes and asthma.
  4. Adaptogens
     Bone notes that tonics such as Astragalus and
    Panax and Siberian Ginseng are contraindicated in the acute
    stages of infection, as they are considered to be too
    • Astragalus membranaceus was traditionally used
    • as a tonic for building both vitality and blood.
    •  It helps stop debilitating sweating, promotes organ
    • regeneration and is used for organ prolapse.
    •  Astragalus is beneficial in treating recurring colds,
    • shortness of breath and chronic sinusitis.
    •  It tonifies the lungs.
  5. Not advisable to be used in acute infections
    as can exacerbate the acute stage of infection
     As Astragalus may heighten immune response (or
    stimulate it) and potentially cause crisis
    • Withania
    • immunostimulatory activity
    • immunomodulatory activity in relation to IgE and cell
    • mediated hyper-reactivity.
    • Withania to have antiinflammatory actions via immunomodualtory functions on
    • complement activity, T-lymphocyte proliferation; humoral
    • antibody response and cell mediated immune response
  6. Owais etal showed Withania somniforia to have
    antibacterial effects against salmonella typhimurium.
     Teixeira eta suggest that Withania extract
    indirectly modulates immune activity favouring an efficient
    and sustained response of phagocytes in the control of
    • Cellulitis
    • Acute support for the immune system:
    • Echinacea
    • Andrographis

    •  Potential antimicrobial activity:
    •  Golden seal
    •  Rosemary
    •  Fennel
    •  Licorice
    •  Chamomile, Marshmallow
  7.  Circulation stimulants:
     Prickly ash
     Veinous return support:
     Butchers broom
    • Chicken Pox - Treatment
    •  Itch relief (pinetarsal, calamine lotion, herbal creams) is very
    • important to avoid scaring.
    •  Otherwise treat as per other acute infections.
  8. Treatment Aims
     Decrease viral load
     Improve immunity
     Support the nervous system
     Improve elimination
    • Actions
    •  Antiviral
    •  Immunostimulant
    •  Alterative/depurative
    •  Adaptogen
    •  Circulatory stimulant
    •  Hormonal - if menstrual relation
    •  Sedative – if anxiety present
    •  Nervine/tonic
  9. Specific Herbs (Antiviral)
     Licorice (topically)
     Lemon balm (topically)
     St. Johns Wort
Card Set
Herbal Medicine 10
Session 10