Resp 110: Chapter 1

  1. Hippocrates
    Greek physician, known as the Father of medicine
  2. Hippocratic Medicine
    Based of 4 essential bodily fluids: phlegm blood, yellow bile, and black bile
  3. Hippocrates
    Believed that air contained an essential substance that was distributed to the body by the heart
  4. Aristotle
    First great biologist, responsible for the first recorded experiment in respiratory physiology: He placed dogs in an air tight chamber and watched them suffocate - concluded that an animal that could not cool itself would die (thought dogs were hot because panting)
  5. Leonardo Da Vinci
    determined that sub-atmospheric pressures inflated the lungs and that there is a vital substance in air that supports combustion... animals can not live in an environment that will not support a flame
  6. Andreas Vesalius
    Father of modern human dissections and experimented with resuscitation.  He actually did a tracheotomy and cut a pig open to watch it breathe
  7. Joseph Black
    described the properties of CO2
  8. Joseph Priestley
    described his discovery of oxygen, which he described as "dephlogisticated air"
  9. Lazzaro Spallazani
    described tissue respiration
  10. Antoine Lavosier
    gave us the principles of gas exchange.  He discovered that oxygen is inhaled into lungs and carbon dioxide and water is exhaled
  11. Thomas Beddoes
    the father of inhalation therapy, had a clinic in England (Pneumatic Institute of Bristol) and used oxygen to treat a variety of disorders including asthma and pneumonia
  12. John Dalton
    described his law of partial pressures for a gas mixture
  13. Thomas Graham
    described his law of diffusion for gasses
  14. William Roentgen
    discovered the x-ray, which opened the door for the modern field of radiology
  15. Scott Haldane
    put his partner in a 15% Oxygen room for three days and nearly killed him - ultimately discovered that we need 21% Oxygen to survive.
  16. Scott Haldane
    Used Oxygen mask for pulmonary edema and healed patient
  17. Alvan Barach
    developed sophisticated oxygen tent for clinical use (croup tent)
  18. BLB mask
    developed for pilots going up where there was less Oxygen
  19. Karl Von Linde
    developed large scale production of Oxygen
  20. The Clark Electrode
    allowed measurement of arterial Oxygen content
  21. Philip Drinker
    introduced the iron lung
  22. Jack Emerson
    developed an improved version of the iron lung that was used for polio victims
Card Set
Resp 110: Chapter 1
History of Respiratory Care