World History Semester Exam

  1. What does the term vernacular mean?
    Native Language Slang
  2. Roughly what time period does the Renaissance cover?
  3. The printing press was invented by who?
    Johann Gutenburg
  4. The followers of John Knox were known as?
  5. What was the Renaissance?
    Revival of art and learning
  6. What was the first full size book that Gutenburg printed?
  7. What was a Renaissance man?
    A man who excelled in many fields
  8. What was the practice of selling indulgences?
    Released a sinner from performing the penalty that was imposed for sins
  9. Who named himself head of the English Church?
    Henry VIII
  10. What was the main reason for Henry the VIII's split from the Catholic Church?
    Henry's many marriages
  11. What were Europeans main motives for making voyages of exploration?
    New trade routes
  12. Who conquered Aztec Empire?
    Hernando Cortes
  13. Why did the Europeans see Africans as better source of labor then the Native Americans?
    They are immuned to diseases
  14. Where in the Americas did Christopher Columbus land first?
  15. What was the encomienda system and what did it provoke for Spain?
    Native Americans are forced to work and free labor
  16. What European country was the first to import enslaved Africans to the Americas?
  17. What concept was the belief in divine right used to support?
    Idea that God created a monarchy
  18. The heliocentric, or sun-centered theory was proposed by who?
    Nicolaus Copernicus
  19. Francis Bacon helped develop what?
    New Scientific Method
  20. Isaac Newton explained what law?
    Theory of Motion
  21. The idea of direct democracy was explained in what book?
    On the Spirit of Laws
  22. The Declaration of Independence was written by who?
    Thomas Jefferson
  23. The Bill of Rights was influenced by what thinker?
    Voltaire, Rousseau, and Locke
  24. Put the following events in order: Constitutional Convention, French/Indian War, Stamp Act, and Navigation Act.
    Navigation Act, French/Indian War, Stamp Act, and Constitutional Convention
  25. What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S constitution?
    His political theory
  26. Which document stated "men are born and remain free and equal in rights"?
    Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizens
  27. During the Reign of Terror, who was safe from the guillotine?
    No one
  28. Define Plebiscite
    Vote of the people
  29. What strategy did Czar Alexander I use to defeat Napoleon in Russia?
    Scortched-Earth Policy
  30. One of Ramanticism's greatest composers was?
    George Gordon or Lord Byron
  31. This man led a revolt of enslaved Africans in Saint Domingue?
    Toussant L'Quverture
  32. What was the industrial revolution?
    Greatly increased output of machine made goods
  33. What were three factore of production required to drive the industrial revolution?
    Land, Labor, and Capital (wealth)
  34. What is the laissez-faire policy?
    Lets owners of industry and business set working conditions without interference
  35. What is the name for voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms?
  36. What were the Zionists?
    Movement founded in 1890s to promote the establishment of Jewish homeland in Palestine
  37. What does it mean to be a dominion?
    Self governing in domestic affairs
  38. Why did Great Britain establish a penal colony in Australia?
    Place send convicts to serve their sentence
  39. Who was the American inventor and industrialist who made factory production more efficient by introducing the assembly line?
    Henry Ford
  40. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
    Declared that all slaves in Confederat states are free
  41. What concept is the theory of evolution base on?
    Natural Selection
  42. Who was the British women who formed the Women's Social and Political Union in the Early 1900's?
    Emmeline Pankhurst
  43. What policy or action led to the Trail of Tears?
    Indian Removal Act of 1830
  44. What event provoked the succession of the Southern States from the United States?
    Lincoln promising the stop of slavery
  45. Why was the work of Louis Pasteur important in the history of medicine?
    Discovered Bacteria
  46. Why was India called "the jewel in the crown"?
    Produce raw materials
  47. What was the main reason for the Crimean War?
    To give Russia a Warm-water port
  48. What happened as a result of the Berlin Conference in 1984-1985?
    Ethnic groups forced to be near eachother because of the new boundaries created, fought.
  49. Why did Britain take control of the Suez Canal?
    Oversaw financial control of the canal, also the canal connected the Red Sea and the Mediteranean Sea
  50. What is Geopolitics? Name an event in history that illustrates it.
    Taking land for its strategic location, Crimean War
  51. Why did Britain sell Opium to China?
    Only thing to trade and to get people addicted to the drug
  52. What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?
    So Americans wouldnt be colonized anymore
  53. Spain lost control of Cuba as a result of what war?
    Spanish-American War
  54. What was Benito Juarez most remembered for?
    Politics of Mexico
  55. What is the policy of glorifying power and keeping an army prepared for war called?
  56. What region was refered to as the "Powder Keg" of Europe?
  57. Who led Germany during the last decade of the 1800's and most of WWI?
    Kaiser Wilhem II
  58. What was the Schlieffen Plan?
    Attacking and defeating France in West and rushing East to Russia
  59. Which nation's actions caused the United States to fight in World War I?
  60. What did the war become once participating countries began devoting all their resources to the war effort?
    Total War
  61. What were the fourteen points?
    Wilson's outlined a plan for achieving lasting peace after WWI
  62. Who was forced to assume full responsibility for the war under the Treaty of Versallies?
  63. What was the goal of the Allies Gallipoli campaign?
    Take control
  64. What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to?
    Germans would sink ships without any warnings
  65. How did the Treaty of Versailles effect post war Germany?
    Left people in poor living conditions
  66. What is the link between militarism and imperialism?
    Dominate countries and are always ready to fight
  67. What event in Sarajevo ignited the Great War?
    Shooting of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Sophie (his wife)
  68. What was the trench warfare intended to accomplish?
    Protect themselves from enemy fire
  69. Who were the Bolsheviks?
    Group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of government in November 1917
  70. What were soviets under Russia's provisional government?
    Local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers
  71. What is a totalitarian state?
    Government that take total control, over public and private aspects
  72. What was the purpose of the Soviet's states five-year plans?
    Development of Soviet Unions Economy
  73. What group was known for taking a 6000 mile long journey known as the long march?
    Communist Party
  74. Who lead the famous protest known as the Salt March?
    Mohandas K. Gandhi
  75. How did Czar Alexander III and Nicholas II deal with calls for reform?
    Dispanded them, they didn't want reforms
  76. Under the Traty of Versailles, who did the Allies give Chinese territories to that had previously been controlled by Germany?
  77. Whose territory of relativitly replaced Newton's comforting belief in a world run by absolute laws of motion and gravity?
    Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity
  78. After WWI, most Europena nations had what type of government, if only temporary?
  79. What event marked the beginning of the Great Depression?
    Stock Marcket crashing
  80. Il Duce was the title of what leader?
    Benito Mussolini
  81. What German political party sought to overturn the Treaty of Versailles and combat Communism?
  82. What term was used to identify the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan?
    Axis Powers
  83. What does Facism stress?
    Emphasized obedience and loyalty
  84. What was the policy of Appeasement?
    Giving into an agressor to keep the peace
  85. What impact did the radio have after the war?
    Spread Patriotism and Propaganda
  86. In what way was Japan different from its allies Italy and Germany?
    Japan's Empire
  87. What prompted Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany?
    Invasion of Poland
  88. What was the major cause of the collapse of the stock market?
    Selling of millions of stocks and no one to wanting/willing to buy them
  89. What was a blitzkrieg?
    Ggermany's new military strategy
  90. What crucial lesson was learned in the Battle of Britain?
    Britain has strong resistance
  91. What event occured on the day described as "a date which will live in infamy"?
    Bombing of Pearl Harbor
  92. What was the significant about the Battle of Midway?
    U.S destroyed Japans naval fleet and the retreated
  93. What battle marked the final German offensive?
    Battle of the Buldge
  94. Where were the atomic bombs dropped?
    Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  95. Name one location of a Nazi extermination camp?
    Auschwitz, Poland
  96. Which of the following was addressed at the Nuremburg Trials?
    22 Nazi leaders were tried for War Crimes
  97. What was the goal of Hitler's final solution?
    Eliminate the Jews
  98. How did the Lend-Lease Act benefit the United States?
    Helped out their Allies
  99. Why did President Truman agree to use the atomic bomb?
    Prevent more soldiers from dying and cause Japan to surrender
Card Set
World History Semester Exam
History Exam