1. 1.     What is disparate treatment?
  2. Occurs when an employer treats some employees less favorably than others because of race, religion, sex, national origin, or age.
  3. 1.     What are the principles associated with implementing a job enrichment program?
  4. Increasing job demand 
    • Increasing the workers accountability 
    • Providing work scheduling freedom 
    • Providing feedback 
    • Providing new learning experience
  5. What is the main reason for the job rotation?
    To move employees from one job to another to broaden their experience.
  6. What are the main provisions of the Fair Labor Standard Act?
    Employees are categorized as exempt or nonexempt, and jobs analysis is basic to this determination. Nonexempt workers must be paid time and a half when they work more than 40 hours per week. Overtime pay is not required for exempt employees.
  7. What is a manager self service system?
    Is the software and the corporate network to automate paper based human resource possess that require a manager’s approval, record keeping or input, and processes that support the manager’s job.
  8. What is a job description?
    Is a document that provides information regarding the essential tasks, duties, and responsibilities of a job.
  9. What is a job description used for?
    To defined the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of a job.
  10. What are the methods used in collecting data?
    • Questionnaires 
    • Observation 
    • Interviews 
    • Employees Recording 
    • Combination of method
  11. What are included in a job description?
    Major duties performed, percentage of time devoted to each duty, performance standards to be achieved, working condition and possible hazards, number of employees performing the job, and to whom they report, and the machines and equipment used on the job.
  12. What is the reason for collecting most job analysis?
  13. v When a person is interested in gathering data on what is involved in performing a particular job.
    • v When the organization is founded and a job analysis program is initiated
    • v When new jobs are created
    • v When existing jobs are changed significantly 
  14. What are the characteristic of a good objective?
    • They should be expressed in writing
    • They should be measurable
    • They should be specific as to time
    • They should be challenging not attainable
  15. What is the difference between a job and position?
    • A job consist of a group of tasks that must be performed for an organization to achieve its goal.
    • Position is the collection of tasks and responsibilities performed by one person; there is a position for every individual in an organization.
  16. What is the definition of a union and what is their main purpose?
  17. v A union is employees who have joined together for the purpose of dealing with their employer.
    v In a union organization, the union rather than the individual employee negotiates an agreement with management.
  18.  What is involved in human resources planning?
  19. v Matching internal and external supply of people with anticipated job openings over specified period of time
    v Set stage for recruitment or other HR action
  20. What is it important to consider the external factors in human resource management?
    Because each factor separately or combined with each other can place constraints on how HRM tasks are accomplished.
  21. What is the approximately number of the U.S. labor force projected for 2020?
    166.4 million
  22. What is adverse impact and how is it determined?
    Adverse impact is concept established by the uniform guidelines, occurs if women and minorities are not hired at the rates of at least 80% of the best achieving group.
  23. What are the provisions of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act?
    • Prohibit employers from discriminating against individuals who were 40 to 65 years old. 
    • Administered by the eeoc 
    • Pertains to employers who have 20 or more employees 
    • Provides for trial by jury 
    • Possible criminal penalty 
    • Class action suits are possible
  24. When are charges under the Age discrimination in Employment act most frequently initiated?
    When a charge is filed
  25. What were the purposes of the Executive Order 11375?
    • Changed the word creed to religion
    • Also added sex discrimination
  26. What is the difference between a HR generalist and a HR specialist?
  27. v HR generalist is who may be an executive, performs tasks in a variety of HR related areas. They are involved in several or all five HRM functions.
    v HR specialist may be an executive, manager, or nonmanager who is typical concerned with only one of the five functional  areas of HRM.
  28. How do large firms deal with ethics?
     Appoints ethics officer. The ethic officer is the point person in guiding everyone in the company toward ethical actions.
  29. What are the legislations relating to ethics?
  30. Procurement Integrity Act-prohibits the release of source selection and contractor bid or proposal information.
    • Federal Sentencing Guidelines for organization (FSGO)-outlined an effective ethics training program and explained the seven minimimum requirements for an effective program to prevent and detect violations.
    • Corporate and Auditing Accountability, Responsibilty, and Transparence Act of 1992- criminalized many corporate that were previously relegated to various regulatory structures.
  31. What is the different between Type I and Type II
  32. v Type I – the strength of the relationship between what an individual or an organization believes to be moral and correct and what available source of guidance suggest is morally correct.
    v Type II- is the strength of the relationship between what one believe and how one behaves.
  33. What establishes the minimum and higher standards of ethics?
    The Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organization Act
  34. What are the exceptions to discrimination covered by Title VII of the EEO Act?
    • Bona fide occupational qualifications (BFQs)
    • Seniority and merit system
    • Testing and educational requirements
  35. How might organizations accommodate workers who are not able to work on certain days because of their religion?
    Voluntary substitutes, flexible scheduling, lateral transfer, and change of job assignment. Some collective bargain agreements include a provision that each employee must join the union or pay the union a sum equivalent to dues.
  36. Under the illegal immigration reform and immigrant responsibility Act. What are the punishments for legal immigrants who exceed their authorized stay in the U.S.?
    Anyone unlawfully present in the United States for 180 days, but less than one year, is subject to a three year ban for admission to the united states. Anyone unlawfully present in the United States for one year or more is subject to a 10 year ban from admission to the united states.
  37. How is comparable worth defined?
     Determination of the values of dissimilar jobs (such as company nurse and welder) by comparing them under some form of job evaluation, and the assignment of pay rates according to their evaluated worth.
  38. What is the uniform guidelines on employee selection procedures?
    Provides a single set of procedures that were designed to assist employers, labor organizations, employment agencies, and licensing and certification boards in complying with federal prohibitions against employment practices that discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex and national origin.  Any measure, combination of measures. Or procedures used as a basis for any employment decision. Selection procedures include the full range of assessment techniques from traditional paper and pencil tests, performance tests, testing programs or probationary periods, and physical, education, and work experience requirement through informal or casual interviews and unscored application forms.
  39.  What Are covered under the civil right act of 1991?
    • Provided appropriate remedies for intentional discrimination and unlawful harassment
    • Codified “business necessity and job related
    • Confirmed authority and guidelines for finding disparate impacts under title 7 
    • A complaining party may be recover punitive damages if the complaining party demonstrates that the company engaged in a discriminatory practice with malice or with reckless indifference to the law.
  40. What are covered under the Immigration Responsibility Act?
    • Places severe limitations on persons who: 
    • Come to u.s. and remain in country longer than permitted by their vistas 
    • Also person who violate their nonimmigrant status and the punishment for those who violate.
  41. What are the projects for labor force in the future?
    • U.S. labor force projected to be 194. 8 million in 20 million in 2050.
    • v Baby boomers move out of the labor force .
    • v  Women’s labor force participation rates appear to have peaked at 60%.
    • v Prime aged workforce will reach 124.4 million.
    • v Immigration will further diversify the population and the workforce in the future.
    • v Immigration will further diversify population and the workforce in the future
    • v Immigration accounts for more than 40% of the growth of the growth of the U. S. population Median age will be 42 years in 2020
  42. What is the Society for Human Resources Management? (page 32)
    The largest national professional organization for individuals involved in all areas of human resource management is the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM).
  43. What is social audit?
    It is a systematic assessment of a company’s activities in terms of its social impact.
  44. What was covered under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act?
    It protects any employee who lawfully provides information to government an authority concerning conduct he or she reasonably believes constitutes mail, wire, or securities fraud; violation of any rule or regulation issued by Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC); or violations of any other federal law relating to fraud against stakeholders.
  45. What is a social contract?
    Are the set if written and unwritten rules and assumptions about acceptable interrelationship among the various elements of society.
  46. What is job analysis?
    Job analysis provides a summary of a job duties and responsibilities, its relationship to other jobs, the knowledge and skills required and working conditions under which it is performed.
  47. What are job rotation, job enlargement, and job enrichment?
    • Job rotation-moves employees from one job to another to broaden their experience.
    • v Job enlargement- increasing the number of tasks a worker performs, with all of the tasks at the same level of responsibility.
    • v Job enrichment- consists of basic changes in the content and level of responsibility of a hob so as to provide greater challenges to the worker.
  48. What are some of the benefits of shared services centers?
    Pension administration, payroll, relocation assistance and recruitment support, global training and development, succession planning and talent retention.
  49. What is human source planning?
    Is the systematic process of matching the internal and external supply of people with job openings anticipated in the organization over a specific period of time
  50. What are the steps in the strategic planning process
    Is the process by which top management determines overall organizational purposes and objectives and how they are achieved.
  51. What is availability forecasting?
    The determination of whether the firm will be able to secure employees with the necessary skills, and from what sources
  52. What are is the difference between direct financial compensation and indirect financial compensation?
    • v Direct Financial compensation- pay that a person receives in the form of wages, salaries commissions and bonuses.
    • v Indirect Financial compensation- all financial rewards that are not included in direct compensation, such as paid vacations, sick leave, holidays, and medical insurances.
  53. What is non-financial compensations
    satisfaction that a person receives from the job itself or firm the psychological and/or physical environment in which the person work.
  54. What is labor work?
    Potential employees located within the geographic area from which employees are normally recruited comprise the labor market.
  55. What is a professional employer organization?
    Is a company that leases employees to other businesses
  56. What is diversity? Diversity Management?
    • Diversity refers to ant perceived difference among people age, race, religion, functional specialty, profession, sexual orientation, geographic origin, lifestyle, tenure with the organization or position, and any other perceived difference.
    • Diversity Management- is ensuring that factors are un place to provide for an encourage the continued development of diverse workforce by melding these actual and perceived differences, among workers to achieve maximum productivity.
  57. What is job specification?
    As document containing the minimum acceptable qualifications that a person should possess in order to perform a particular job.
  58. What is performance appraisal?
     A manager who evaluates an employee on factors not clearly predetermined is left open to allegations of discrimination.
  59. What is the difference between a bottom up forecasting method and zero based forecasting?
    • Bottom up Forecasting- each successive level in the organization, starting with the lowest forecasts its requirements, ultimately providing an aggregate forecast of employees needed. 
    • Zero Based forecasting – method uses the organizations current level of employment as the starting point for determining future staffing needs.
  60. What job reengineering
    Is the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical contemporary measures of performances, such as cost quality, service and speed.
  61. What is human resource development?
    A major HRM function consisting not only of training and development but also of career planning and development activities, organization development, and performance management and appraisal.
  62. The evolution of HR management?
    Today, the person or persons who perform HR tasks are certainly different than they were even a decade ago. As more and more companies use alternative means to accomplish HR tasks, the role of the traditional HR manager is diminishing.
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