U.S. History Final Semester 2

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  1. Buying stocks on what was one of the causes of the stock market crash of 1929?
  2. Most economics agree that a key cause of the depression was what two things?
    Overproduction and speculation
  3. To fight the Depression, who believed the first thing to do was to restore confidence in the banks?
  4. All of the following were provisions of the what?
    -Unemployment insurance
    -Pension for retired workers
    -Aid to the handicapped
    Social Security Acts
  5. The what of the 1930s reflect the efforts of Congress to avoid foreign policy mistakes that led to the country into World War 1?
    Neutrality Acts
  6. During World War 2, who and who made economic gains mainly because a shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace?
    Women and minorities
  7. What was the main purpose of the Lead-Lease Act?
    To support those nations fighting Axis aggression.
  8. What changed American political thinking because it was based on the principle that the federal government should attempt to solve social and economic problems?
    The New Deal
  9. Women played a major role where during World War 2 by taking jobs in the defense industry?
    The home front
  10. The United States became involved in World War 2 primarily because the Japanese attack on  what?
    Pearl Harbor
  11. During WOrld War 2, the need of the United States for more war materials resulted in the what of some consumer goods?
  12. What does President Abraham Lincoln's suspension of habeas corpus and FDR's executive order forcing Japanese Americans into interment camps demonstrate?
    That constitutional rights can be limited during times of war
  13. What, held t the conclusion of WW2, added to international law by establishing that high officials and individuals are responsible for their wartime actions?
    The Nuremberg Trials
  14. What president's decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan was based on saving American lives by ending the war quickly?
    President Truman
  15. In the years immediately following WW2, the U.S. foreign policy was primarily focused on containing the spread of what?
  16. President Truman changed the Unites States military after World War 2 by banning racial what in the military?
  17. What was the primary purpose of the creation of the United Nations?
    To promote peace through inter nation agreements.
  18. What was one result of the GI Bill?
    Millions of veterans received a collie education?
  19. Who and the what attracted public attention by investigating allegations of communist influences in government?
    HUAC and Senator McCarthy
  20. What was used to rebuild European nations after WW2?
    The Marshall Plan
  21. The baby boom after WW2 led directly to an increased demand for what?
  22. The United States committed to a Cold War policy of what when it joined NATO?
    Mutual defense
  23. The major reason the United States became involved in the Korean War was the threat of communism spreading throughout where?
  24. Television programming, building of the Interstate Highway System and the Growth of suburbs contributed to a more conforming what during the 1950s?
  25. What limited union powers?
    Taft-Hartley Act
  26. What led to increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union?
    The Hungarian upraising of 1956, the U-2 incident, and the Cuban missile crisis
  27. The Cuban missile crisis was effectively ended when who agreed to withdraw weapons from Cuba?
    The Soviet Union
  28. What president sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957 to enforce integration/desegregation?
    President Eisenhower
  29. During the 1950s, the main goal of the civil rights movement was to what?
    To eliminate legal segregation from American life.
  30. The United States Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren (1953-1969) made several what?
    Landmark decisions that increased the rights of individuals
  31. All of the following are facts of who's death?
    -He was succeeded by Lyndon Johnson his Vice President
    -It happened in Dallas, Texas, on Frida, November 22, 1963
    -It came almost 1,000 days of his presidency
    John F. Kennedy's
  32. What decade was characterized by protest against the war in Vietnam, youth rebellion in politics and music and in dress and appearance, and great strides in civil rights for minorities?
    The 1960s
  33. Escalation of the war in Vietnam began with passage of what?
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  34. These Headlines refer to what war:"Security Council Approves Use of Force Against Communist Invaders", "President Truman Fires General MacArthur", "Armistice Divides Nation at 38th Parallel"?
    The Korean War
  35. What abolished the national origins quota system?
    The immigration act of 1965
  36. The North Vietnamese Tet Offensive of 1968 was significant turning point in the Vietnam War because why?
    The American public became convinced the war was un-winnable
  37. Who's book, The Feminine Mystique, argued that many women could not have fulfilling lives if limited to a traditional role in the home?
    Betty Friedan
  38. A main goal of President who's policy of detente was to reduce tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union?
    Richard Nixon
  39. What president's policy of "Vietnamization" of the war in Vietnam called for gradual withdrawal of all American armed forces from Vietnam?
    President Nixon
  40. What required the president to report to Congress any commitment of American troops?
    The 1973 War Powers Act
  41. Who's high priorities in international affairs was attending to human rights violations around the world?
    Jimmy Carter
  42. The 198 settlement between Egypt and Israel resulted in the first peace between Arab nations and Israel. This settlement was called what?
    Camp David Accords
  43. President Reagan used supply-side economics or "Regonomics" to guide his economic program because he believe the following scenario would occur.
    Lower taxes, increase consumer spending, balance the budget
  44. What presidents new "Star Wars" program altered the decades long trend in thinking about nuclear weapons because it emphasized defense against a nuclear attack as the most effective form of nuclear capability.
    Ronald Reagan
  45. To who, "the focus of the evil in the modern world" was the Soviet Union?
    President Reagan
Card Set
U.S. History Final Semester 2
Second Semester Final for U.S. History
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