Army History

  1. What date was the Army flag dedicated?
    14 June 1956 (it was approved 12 June 1956)
  2. What is the oldest part of our Army?
    The Army National Guard (In December 1636)
  3. When did the U.S. Army begin?
    June 14, 1775
  4. Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?
    George Washington
  5. When was the start of the Revolutionary War?
    19 April, 1775
  6. When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
    July 04, 1776
  7. The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778?
    Baron Fredreich von Steuben
  8. What did Baron Fredriech von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?
    He taught the Continental Army:

    A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European armies.

    Proper care of equipment.

    The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been marked).

    He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldiers.

    Taught NCOs how to train and lead those soldiers.
  9. What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the "Constitution"?
    The Articles of Confederation
  10. The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from France in what became known as what?
    The Louisiana Purchase
  11. Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of "The Army Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steuben's "Blue Book"?
    General Winfield Scott
  12. What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulations of 1821".
    • The Hand Salute
    • How to conduct a march
    • How to make a good stew for the company
  13. What is the bloodiest war in American history?
    The Civil War with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides.
  14. When and where did the Civil War actually begin?
    The Civil War being in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
  15. President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?
    01 January 1863.
  16. Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?
    12 July 1862.
  17. Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?
    Private Jacob Parrott, Company K, 33d Ohio Volunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863
  18. General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?
    09 april, 1865
  19. Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?
    Dr. Mary E. Walker
  20. When did World War I begin?
    August 1914
  21. What event sparked the start of World War I?
    A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife during a visit to Sarajevo.
  22. On what date did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany?
    02 April, 1917
  23. On what date did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
    07 December 1941
  24. When was D Day?
    06 June 1944
  25. President Truman authorized the use of two atomic bombs against Japan, destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki on what dates?
    • Hiroshima – 06 August 1945
    • Nagasaki – 09 August 1945
  26. The National Security Act of 1947 was a sweeping reorganization of the US military. What did it establish?
    • Department of Defense
    • Army
    • Navy
    • Air Force
  27. What year marked the start of the Korean War?
  28. What is the longest war in U.S. History?
    The Vietnam War
  29. On what date did the United States enormous support from the global community, respond to the attacks on September 11th, 2001 with attacks on the al-Qaeda network and the Taliban-controlled government of Afghanistan that was supporting it?
    07 October, 2001
  30. When was Saddam Husein captured?
    13 December 2003
Card Set
Army History
Army Study Guide, Army History