Microbiology II Test I

  1. What microbe has a self-limiting nature?
    Virus
  2. What microbe causes diseases that disappear (or person recovers from) on their own within a few days?
    Virus
  3. A person getting well on their own within a few days describes which feature of a virus?
    Self-limiting nature
  4. What aspect of a host cell gives viruses their self limiting nature?
    Interferon
  5. True or False:

    Interferon has a high molecular weight.
    False
  6. True or False:

    Interferon has a low molecular weight.
    True
  7. What initiates production of an antiviral protein to protect a cell from viral invasion?
    Interferon
  8. True or False:

    Interferon is only found in certain cells.
    False

    Interferon is a normal component of all cells
  9. True or False:

    The amount of interferon increases with viral infection
    True
  10. What substance conveys a message of impending infection to surrounding cells?
    Interferon
  11. Viruses that share a common genome and relationships to the organism
    generally constitute





    A. A viral species
  12. This disease can produce a chronic progressive neurological
    complications affecting the brain resulting in death



    B. Measles
  13. Pediculosis is caused by





    C. Lice
  14. Most cases of nongonococcal urethritis are caused by





    D. Chlamydia
  15. A must feared childhood disease that killed 30 – 50% of its victims





    B. Diphtheria
  16. BRAIN PARENCHYMA'S DESTRUCTION LEADING TO THE CRIPPLING EFFECTS WAS TYPICALLY SEEN
    IN:





    C. Polio
  17. THESELF LIMITING NATURE OF VIRAL DISEASES DEPENDS MAINLY ON THE ABILITY OF HUMAN
    CELLS TO PRODUCE:

    A. OPSONIN
    B. COMPLEMENT
    C. SPERM[DINE
    D. INTERFERON
    E. HISTONES
  18. D. Interferon
  19. GAMMA GLOBULINS ARE OFTEN GIVEN TO PREVENT:





    B. Hepatitis A
  20. HEPATITIS _______ IS RECOGNIZED TO BE PARTICULARLY SERIOUS IN A PREGNANT WOMAN:




    E. E
  21. MONONUCLEOSIS CAUSING VIRUS ALSO CAUSES:





    D. Burkitts lymphoma
  22. HUMAN IMMUNO-DEFICIENCY VIRUS HAS ALL EXCEPT





    B. COLLAGENASE
  23. WHICH VIRUS, OTHER THAN HIV HAS BEEN LINKED TO KAPOSI'S SARCOMA:





    B. HERPESVIRUS 8 (*CHECK)
  24. POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION IDENTIFIES _______ IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF HIV POSITIVITY TESTING:





    C. RNA
  25. True or False:

    HEPATITIS 'B’ IS ASSOCIATED WITH 80% OF THE
    LIVER CANCER AND IS ALSO KNOWN AS SERUM HEPATITIS.
    True
  26. True or False:

    LIKE HEPATITIS ‘B’, HEPATITIS ‘C’ IS ALSO KNOWN FORMS ASSOCIATION WITH LIVER CANCER. HEPATITIS ‘C’ IS KNOWN FOR BEING PARENTERALLY TRANSMITTED
    True

    • *Possible association with liver cancer
    • *occasionally crosses placenta, but Hepatitis B is more likely to be parenterally transmitted
  27. True or False:

    RUBELLA (THE GERMAN MEASLES AGENT) IS A MEMBER OF THE GROUP ARBO OR TOGA-VIRUSES. , HOWEVER, RUBELLA IS NOT TRANSMITTED BY INSECTS AND IS DROPLET ROUTE TRANSMITTED.
    True
  28. True or False:

    DENGUE FEVER, AT ONE TIME, THREATENED THE CONSTRUCTION OF PANAMA CANAL.
    False

    *Yellow Fever threatened the construction of Panama Canal
  29. True or False:

    AMANTADINE PREVENTS INFLUENZA AND SEQUINAVIR TREATS AIDS.
    True
  30. True or False:

    ONLY ABOUT 1-2% OF THE NON-IMMUNE, TO POLIO, INDIVIDUALS WHO SUFFER FROM A POLIO VIRUS ATTACK ACTUALLY SHOW THE CRIPPLING EFFECT'S OF POLIO
    True
  31. True or False:

    ENDERS, WELLER AND ROBBINS ARE THE PEOPLE WHO DEVELOPED TECHNIQUES TO CULTURE THE POLIO VIRUS ON NON-NEURAL TISSUE. SALK AND SEBIN SUBSEQUENTLY DEVELOPED A KILLED AND A LIVE POLIO VACCINE, RESPECTIVELY.
    True

    *Non neural monkey kidney cells
  32. True or False:

    ECHO, COXSACIE, ADENO ARE ALL COMMON COLD CAUSING VIRUSES
    False

    • *Adenovirus causes Acute Respiratory Disease
    • *Other cold causing viruses- Coxacie, Echo, Rhino
  33. True or False:

    AFRICAN GREEN MONKEYS ARE THE RESERVOIRS FOR EBOLA
    False

    *Unknown reservoir
  34. True or False:

    MORBILLI MEASLES VIRUS CAN BE TRANSMITTED CONGENITALLY AND CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE
    FETUS.
    True

    *Rubella
  35. True or False:

    HIV IS A MEMBER OF RETROVIVIDAE AND IS TYPICAL FOR HAVING DOUBLE STRANDED DNA AND A REVERSE-TRANSCRIPTASE.
    False

    *ssRNA
  36. True or False:

    WESTERN BLOT TEST FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF AIDS IS THE MOST SENSITIVE TESTS
    FOR AIDS. IT IDENTIFIES VIRAL PROTEINS.
    False

    • *2nd Best
    • *Best- PCR
  37. HERPES SIMPLEX - I





    C. Keratitis Agent
  38. HERPES SIMPLEX - II





    C. LINKED TO CERVICAL CANCER
  39. VARICELLA





    B. A VACCINE JUST BECAME AVAILABLE BUT NOT IN EXTENSIVE USE

    *Vaccine developed in 1995
  40. CYTOMEGALOVIRUS





    A. CONGENITALLY TRANSMITTED OFTEN
  41. EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS





    E. LINKED TO THE CANCER OF THE JAW

    *Because it causes Burkitt's Lymphoma
  42. EBOLA





    C. DEADLY HEMORRHAGIC FEVER IN AFRICA
  43. 42. DENGUE FEVER





    E. 2ND ATTACK IS OFTEN DEADLY

    *hemorrhagic form
  44. YELLOW FEVER





    D. MAX THEILER DEVELOPED A VACCINE
  45. MARBURG VIRUS

    A. A RARE HEMORRHAGIC CONDITION IN GERMANY
    B. DEADLY HEMORRHAGIC FEVER IN AFRICA
    C. PEARLY CATARACT
    D. MAX THEILER DEVELOPED A VACCINE
    E. 2ND ATTACK IS OFTEN DEADLY
    A. A RARE HEMORRHAGIC CONDITION IN GERMANY
  46. RUBELLA

    A. A RARE HEMORRHAGIC CONDITION IN GERMANY
    B. DEADLY HEMORRHAGIC FEVER IN AFRICA
    C. PEARLY CATARACT
    D. MAX THEILER DEVELOPED A VACCINE
    E. 2ND ATTACK IS OFTEN DEADLY
    • C. PEARLY CATARACT
    • *In babies
  47. True or False:

    Interferon is species specific
    True!
  48. True or False:

    Interferon is virus specific
    False
  49. An enhanced amount of Interferon is is produced in response to all of the following EXCEPT:





    D. Bacterial Infections
  50. True or False:

    Interferon is now being prepared by E. coli and chlamydia
    FALSE

    *E. coli & Yeast (saccharmomyces)
  51. Interferon is used in the treatment of all of the following EXCEPT:





    D. Chlamydia
  52. What activates host cell gene for interferon?





    B. Viral replication of dsRNA
  53. When interferon binds to a neighboring cell, it stimulates the production of which of the following? (choose 2)





    • D. Antiviral Protein
    • C. Interferon
  54. Antiviral protein




    B. Blocks viral replication
  55. What type of Interferon activates tumor destruction & killing of infected cells?



    A. Gamma-Interferon
  56. Which of the following is a type II interferon?



    B. Gamma
  57. Which type of interferon is derived from Leukocytes?



    A. Gamma
  58. Which of the following is NOT a factor in the self limiting nature of viruses?



    A. Antiviral drug medications
  59. Which of the following immunizations is not lifelong?





    E. Hepatitis B
  60. Which of the following immunizations does not include a Live virus?





    E. Rabies
  61. Which of the following vaccines is not injected intramuscularly?





    A. Rubella
  62. Which of the following is not a neurotropic disease?




    A. Molluscum contagiosum
  63. True or False:

    Polio is a picorna virus.
    True
  64. Polio is transmitted by all of the following EXCEPT:





    A. Feces
  65. Polio is diagnosed in all of the following ways EXCEPT:




    B. Immunofluorescent Antibody Test (IFAT)
  66. True or False:

    The only way to test for polio is by testing antibodies in the blood
    False

    *Also test feces & throat
  67. The most serious stage of Polio is:





    C. Neurologic
  68. What is the correct order for the stages of polio?





    E. Entry, Alimentary, Lymphatic, Viremic, Neurologic
  69. Which of the following does NOT increase the chance of severity of polio?





    B. Race
  70. Who developed the killed vaccine for polio in 1955?





    E. Salk
  71. Who developed the live attenuated vaccine for polio in 1963?





    E. Salk
  72. True or False:

    The Live attenuated vaccine is more effective, but also has higher risk.
    True
  73. Which of the following diseases is Zoonotic?




    D. Rabies
  74. Who created the rabies vaccine?





    C. Pasteur
  75. True or False:

    An animal can be determined to have rabies by the discovery of negri bodies in the cerebellum.
    True
  76. How is a patient tested for rabies?




    C. Immunofluorescent Antibody Test (IFAT)
  77. True or False:

    Rabies is a picorna virus.
    False

    *Rhabdo virus
  78. True or False:

    Rabies is a RNA virus
    True
  79. Which of the following is the major domestic carrier of rabies?





    C. Cats
  80. True or False:

    Once rabies symptoms appear, it is too late to vaccinate.
    True
  81. Who created the first artificial vaccine?





    B. Pasteur
  82. The first artificial vaccine was to prevent which of the following viruses?





    C. Rabies

    *Louis Pasteur & 9 y/o boy
  83. Which of the following is the smallest virus?





    D. Polio
  84. True or False:

    The herpesvirus is a dsDNA virus.
    True
  85. Which of the following is NOT enveloped?





    D. Polio
  86. Which of the following is NOT enveloped?





    A. Picornaviridae
  87. Polio





    A. Picornaviridae
  88. Hepatitis A





    A. Picornaviridae
  89. Rubella





    B. Togaviridae
  90. German measles





    C. Togaviridae
  91. Equine Encephalitis





    B. Togaviridae OR D. Flaviviridae
  92. Yellow Fever





    D. Flaviviridae
  93. Rabies





    D. Rhabdoviridae
  94. Chicken Pox





    C. Herpesviridae
  95. Which of the following is NOT a RNA virus?





    E. Herpesviridae

    *dsDNA
  96. Which of the following is NOT a strain of encephalitis?





    B. BEE
  97. True or False:

    Encephalitis infects horses more often than humans.
    True
  98. True or False:

    The encephalitis virus is known for frequently changing hosts.
    • True
    • *mosquitoes-birds-mosquitoes-horses-humans-mosquitoes
  99. True or False:

    The roseola virus is known for frequently changing hosts.
    False

    *Encephalitis
  100. The SLE strain cycles and becomes a major problem about every how many years?





    A. 10
  101. True or False:

    Encephalitis is associated with blood clots of the lung.
    True
  102. Which strain of encephalitis is most serious?





    A. EEE
  103. West Nile Fever





    C. Arbovirus
  104. True or False:

    Only viruses are responsible for neurotropic diseases.
    False

    *Prions
  105. Which of the following is NOT associated with Prions?




    D. Molluscum contagiosum
  106. Which of the following is not a herpes virus?





    C. Measles
  107. True or False:

    Herpes viruses are ssDNA.
    False

    *dsDNA
  108. What is known as the creeping virus?





    E. Herpesviridae
  109. What "hits above the belt"?





    B. Herpes simplex I
  110. True or False:

    97% of people have Type I herpes by Adulthood.
    False

    *80%
  111. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of Herpes Simplex II?





    D. Malaise
  112. What "hits below the belt?"





    D. Herpes simplex II
  113. Which of the following is sexually transmitted?

    A. Herpes simplex I
    B. Herpes simplex II
    B. Herpes simplex II
  114. True or False:

    1/4 million new cases of genital herpes are reported every year.
    • False
    • *1/2 million
  115. True or False:

    More than 20 million people in the US have genital herpes
    True
  116. True or False:

    Acyclovir is used to cure genital herpes.
    • False
    • *Only helps heal lesions
  117. Which of the following is linked to cervical cancer?




    D. Herpes simplex II
  118. True or False:

    Neonatal herpes is congenital.
    • False
    • *Acquired in utero
  119. Mouth






    E. Gingivostomatitis
  120. Fever Blisters






    E. Herpes Labialis
  121. More common with herpes simplex II






    C. Herpes Labialis
  122. Eye






    B. Keratoconjuctivitis
  123. Skin






    E. Exzema Herpeticum
  124. Skin Injuries of wrestlers

    A. Gingivostomatitis
    B. Keratoconjuctivitis
    C. Herpes Labialis
    D. Exzema Herpeticum
    E. Herpes Gladiatorium
    F. Herpetic Whitlow
    E. Herpes Gladiatorium
  125. Very painful finger infection

    A. Gingivostomatitis
    B. Keratoconjuctivitis
    C. Herpes Labialis
    D. Exzema Herpeticum
    E. Herpes Gladiatorium
    F. Herpetic Whitlow
    F. Herpetic Whitlow
  126. True or False:

    Chicken pox virus enters through the eyes and lower respiratory tract.
    • False
    • *eyes & upper respiratory tract
  127. True of False:

    Chicken pox is most common in children age 5-9 years old
    True
  128. True or False:

    Chicken pox is caused by varicella zoster.
    True
  129. True or False:

    Chicken pox produces lesions along nerve roots.
    • False
    • *Shingles
  130. What is seen "around the belt?"





    A. Shingles
  131. True or False:

    A person that gets chicken pox receives lifelong immunity, but a person can get shingles more than once.
    True
  132. Which of the following is NOT a predisposing factor for reactivation of shingles?




    D. Asthma
  133. True or False:

    80% of the population test positive for cytomegalo virus & Herpes Simplex I.
    True
  134. Which of the following gives symptoms similar to mono?




    A. Cytomegalo virus
  135. AIDS was misdiagnosed as which of the following at first?




    C. Cytomegalo virus
  136. Which of the following can cause severe birth defects in a fetus?




    B. Cytomegalo virus
  137. Which of the following is NOT a symptom associated with neonatal herpes?





    B. Myalgia
  138. Which of the following can include neurological damage?





    B. Neonatal Herpes
  139. Which of the following causes Burkitt's Lymphoma, Mononucleosis, & Hairy Leukoplakia?





    D. Epstein Barr Virus
  140. Tumor of the jaw and viscera





    E. Burkitt's Lymphoma
  141. Which of the following is found in Africa where malaria is endemic?





    A. Burkitt's Lymphoma
  142. True of False:

    Influenza has an affinity for mucus membranes.
    True
  143. True or False:

    Influenza is an Orthomyxo virus.
    True
  144. Which of the following is worst?

    A. Influenza A
    B. Influenza B
    A. Influenza A
  145. True or False:

    Influenza is highly changeable.
    True
  146. What is the most common cause of morbidity?





    A. Influenza
  147. Which of the following diseases was a serious problem in China in 2002?





    A. SARS
  148. True or False:

    SARS is caused by orthomyxovirus.
    • False
    • *coronavirus
  149. Which of the following states did NOT have a problem with Hanta virus?





    A. TX
  150. Muerto Canyon virus





    A. Hanta virus
  151. What is the carrier of Hanta virus?





    A. rodents
  152. Which of the following is transmitted by dried excreta?





    B. Hanta virus
  153. Associated with indian reservations





    D. Hanta virus
  154. True or False:

    ARD is a orthomyxovirus.
    • False
    • *Adenovirus
  155. Which of the following causes devil's grip? (choose 2)

    A. Echo virus
    B. Coxacie
    C. Rhinovirus
    D. Adenovirus
    E. coronovirus
    • A. Echo virus
    • B. Coxacie
  156. True or False:

    Small pox is a dsDNA virus.
    True
  157. True or False:

    The small pox virus is one of the smallest viruses known.
    • False
    • *one of the largest
  158. Which of the following is a orthopoxvirus?





    B. Small pox
  159. Lady Montague introduced variolation of what disease to Europe.





    A. Small pox
  160. Who developed a vaccine for smallpox using a cowpox associated vaccine in 1798?





    E. Jenner
  161. Who introduced the idea of a small pox vaccine in the US?





    B. Jenner
  162. True or False:

    Small pox can also be neurotropic.
    True
  163. Which of the following is NOT a neurotropic disorder?





    E. None of the Above
  164. Which of the following causes pearly white/pink painless tumor-like outgrowth?





    A. Molluscum contagiosum
  165. Which of the following is associated with AIDS?





    B. Molluscum contagiosum
  166. True or False:

    Molluscum contagiosum is very similar to orthopoxvirus.
    False
  167. Condyloma Acuminata





    C. Genital Warts
  168. Which of the following could be the most common STD (possibly more common that chlamydia)?



    B. Genital Warts
  169. Which of the following is NOT used to diagnose genital warts?



    B. PCR
  170. Which of the following is NOT a type of measles?



    B. Roseola
  171. Koplikspots are associated with which disease?





    C. Rubeola
  172. Subacute scelrosing panerycehalitis is associated with what disease?





    D. Rubeola
  173. Which of the following does NOT have a vesicular rash?



    C. Rubeola
  174. True or False:

    Rubella is a RNA virus.
    True
  175. True or False:

    Rubella can be a congenital disease.
    True
  176. True or False:

    A woman should wait at least 1 year before getting pregnant after getting the rubella vaccine.
    • False
    • *3 months
  177. Paramyxovirus





    B. Mumps
  178. True or False:

    Mumps is similar to rubeola virus and is associated with spring time outbreaks.
    True
  179. True or False:

    Mumps are transmitted via animal excreta.
    • False
    • *saliva droplets
  180. The swelling of the parotid gland is a hallmark of what disease?





    C. Mumps
  181. Can cause sterility





    E. Mumps
  182. linked to juvenile diabetes





    C. Mumps
  183. People who have had a bone marrow transplant are susceptible to what disease?





    A. Rotavirus
  184. True or False:

    The 3rd leading cause of death in children is reovirus.
    True
  185. True or False:

    Rotavirus is more common in the spring.
    • False
    • *winter
  186. True or False:

    The rotavirus is a dsDNA virus.
    • False
    • *dsRNA
  187. Enteritis agent





    A. Rotavirus
  188. nosocomial transmission (hospital acquired)





    B. Rotavirus
  189. What is a carrier of Hepatitis A?





    C. shellfish
  190. Hepatitis A is caused by:







    D. Hepatitis A virus
  191. Hepatitis B is caused by







    B. Hepatitis B virus
  192. Hepatitis C is caused by







    F. Unknown
  193. Hepatitis D is caused by:







    F. B & D
  194. Hepatitis E is caused by:







    A. Hepatitis E virus
  195. Infectious hepatitis





    E. Hepatitis A
  196. Epidemic Hepatitis





    C. Hepatitis A
  197. Short term hepatitis





    B. Hepatitis A
  198. Serum hepatitis





    D. Hepatitis B
  199. post transfusion hepatitis





    B. Hepatitis C
  200. Delta hepatitis





    A. Hepatitis D
  201. Enterically transmitted hepatitis





    E. Hepatitis E
  202. non-A, non-B, non-C hepatitis





    D. Hepatitis E
  203. non-A, non-B hepatitis





    A. Hepatitis C
  204. Which of the following is NOT a RNA virus?





    A. Hepatitis B
  205. Which of the following are transmitted by the fecal-oral route? (choose 2)





    C. Hepatitis A & E. Hepatitis E
  206. Which of the following can cross the placenta? (choose 3)

    A. Hepatitis A
    B. Hepatitis B
    C. Hepatitis C
    D. Hepatitis D
    E. Hepatitis E
    • B. Hepatitis B
    • C. Hepatitis C
    • D. Hepatitis D
  207. Which of the following do NOT have a carrier state? (choose 2)





    • A. Hepatitis A
    • E. Hepatitis E
  208. Which of the following do NOT cause chronic liver disease? (choose 2)





    • B. Hepatitis A
    • E. Hepatitis E
  209. Which of the following have an available vaccine? (choose 2)

    A. Hepatitis A
    B. Hepatitis B
    C. Hepatitis C
    D. Hepatitis D
    E. Hepatitis E
    • A. Hepatitis A
    • B. Hepatitis B
  210. Which of the following is NOT a respiratory virus?






    A. Roseola
  211. Which of the following is NOT a skin associated virus?





    D. Hanta Virus
  212. Which of the following is NOT a neurotropic disease?





    E. Shingles
Author
ciera_r
ID
22208
Card Set
Microbiology II Test I
Description
Viruses
Updated