Medical Terminology Chapter 2

  1. congenital
    caused by and abnormality in the fetus as it develops or caused by an abnormal process that occurs during gestation or birth.
  2. degenerative
    caused by the progressive destruction of cells due to disease or the aging process
  3. environmental
    caused by exposure to external substances
  4. hereditary
    caused by a spontaneous mutation in a person's gene or chromosome that is inherited by the person's children
  5. iatrogenic
    caused by medicine or treatment that was given to the patient.
  6. idiopathic
    having no identifiable or confirmed cause
  7. infectious
    caused by a pathogen such as a bacterium, virus, fungus, etc.
  8. neoplastic
    caused by the new growth or either a benign or a malignant tumor
  9. nosocomial
    caused by exposure to a disease while in the hospital environment.
  10. nutritional
    caused by a lack of nutritious food, insufficient amounts of food, or an inability to utilize the nutrients in foods.
  11. symptom
    any deviation from health that is experienced or felt by the patient
  12. sign
    when a symptom can be seen or detected by others
  13. symptomatology
    the clinical picture of all of the patient's symptoms and signs
  14. asymptomatic
    showing no signs or symptoms
  15. inspection
    using the eyes or an instrument to examine the external surfaces or the internal cavities of the body
  16. palpation
    using the fingers to feel masses or enlarged organs or to detect tenderness or pain
  17. auscultation
    using a stethoscope to listen to the sounds of the heart, lungs, or intestines.
  18. percussion
    using the finger of one hand to tap on the finger of the other hand that is spread over a body cavity
  19. acute
    sudden in nature and severe in intensity
  20. subacute
    less severe in intensity
  21. chronic
    continuing for 3 months or more
  22. exacerbation
    a sudden worsening in the severity of the symptoms or signs
  23. remission
    a temporary improvement in the symptoms and signs of a disease without the underlying disease being cured
  24. sequela
    an abnormal condition or complication that arises because of the original disease and remains after the original disease has resolved
  25. therapeutic
    the symptoms or signs of the disease disappear
  26. refractory
    a disease that is resistant to treatment is one that does not respond to treatment
  27. prognosis
    the predicted outcome of a disease
  28. recuperation
    recovery or a return to a normal state of health
  29. disability
    a permanent loss of the ability to perform certain activities or to function in a given way
  30. terminal illness
    illness that results in death
  31. ancillary
    accessory department in a hospital
  32. ASC
    ambulatory surgery center
  33. SNF's
    skilled nursing facilities
  34. hospice
    an inpatient facility for patients who are dying from a terminal illness
  35. palliative
    supportive medical and nursing care to keep a patient comfortable.  Not curative.
Card Set
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Disease Catergories