GCSE Geography

  1. Kobe is a
    major industrial port on the south coast of the island of Honshu , Japan , Asia. It is 25km  west of another big city Osaka and 400km west of Tokyo
  2. what is the population of Kobe
    1 million
  3. Kobe lies close to the
    fault line between the Philippine plate , the Eurasian plate and the Pacific plate
  4. the 3 tectonic plates are moving
    towards each other i.e. they are being forced under of over each other (compressional plate boundaries)
  5. when was the Kobe earthquake
    January 17th of 1995 at 5:50 am
  6. it was the first earthquake in Kobe in
    400 years
  7. where was the epicentre of the Kobe earthquake
    Akashi Straits , between Kobe and Awaji Island
  8. what were the primary effects of the Kobe earthquake
    • severe shaking of the ground 
    • buildings (over 100 000 homes) and elevated roads collapsed (the Meishin Expressway)
    • the port facilities (cranes , docks , warehouses etc) were destroyed 
    • 10% of the city's infrastructure was destroyed (roads , rail , electricity , gas , sewage , water pipelines) 
    • liquefaction occurred in the Sannomiya district near the port 
    • many people panicked and needed treatment for the shock
  9. recently there was an earthquake of
    • magnitude 5.7 in North California in America fortunately there weren't any deaths 
    • magnitude 6 in Uzbekistan (26th of May) There were no immediate reports of casualties or damage.
  10. what were the secondary effects of the Kobe earthquake
    • aftershocks 
    • fires raged , particularly in the older central districts of the city 
    • landslides happened in the northern mountainous districts
    • 300 000 people left homeless
    • 5 400 people killed 
    • 3 000 people injured 
    • emergency services struggled to get around fallen buildings and to access water supplies . Fires were still burning a week after the earthquake 
    • disease became a health hazard and flu epidemic swept through the overcrowded makeshift shelters 
    • over half a million homes were without water and power for ten days
  11. what were the short term responses to the Kobe earthquake
    rescue services worked around the clock
  12. what were the medium term responses to the Kobe earthquake
    • bulldozers began to clear the streets and knock down unsafe buildings 
    • electricity and water supplies were restored 
    • highways and railways reopened
    • makeshift shelters were erected
  13. what were the long term responses to the Kobe earthquake
    • rebuilding took 4 years to complete and cost more than £100 billion 
    • the Japanese government were criticised for reacting to slowly and not having an emergency plan ready 
    • emergency plan was developed 
    • the most sophisticated monitoring equipment is now installed in and around Kobe . The Japanese hope to be able to give a couple of days warning of any future significant earthquake
Card Set
GCSE Geography