CSET - Subtest I (california history portion)

  1. What are the four main regions of California?
    • (1) Coast
    • (2) Central Valley
    • (3) Desert
    • (4) Mountains
  2. About how far each year does the Pacific plate move along the San Andreas Fault?
    1 inch
  3. The northern border of California is closest to which degree of latitude?
    42 degrees
  4. California has been inhabited for about how many years?
    13-15,000 years
  5. Which Spanish explorer is credited as the first European to land in california?
    Juan Cabrillo
  6. Which port did Spanish galleons sail from as they traveled down the California coast on their way to Acapulco?
  7. Who is credited with establishing the first Christian mission in California?
    Father Serra
  8. Overall, what was the main impact of the mission system on Native Americans?
    • They became independent
    • NA population reduced by 75%
  9. California came under the control of which country after Mexico gained its independence from Spain?
  10. What was the status of American Indians during the rancho period?
    indentured servants
  11. What is the most notable cause of the survival of half the members of the Donner party?
  12. About how long did the Bear Flag Republic exist in California?
    less than a month
  13. Who were the Californios?
    Spanish-speaking people from Spain or Mexico who settled in California before the Mex-American War
  14. What was the outcome of the Capitulation of Cahuenga?
    made California a part of the US
  15. What was the fastest way from the eastern part of the US to California during the Gold Rush?
    by boat through Isthmus of Panama
  16. What was the California government's official position toward Native Americans during the gold rush?
  17. What was the original California Constitution's position on women?
    women could own land but could NOT vote
  18. What event of 1861 speeded communication between California and the rest of the United States?
  19. What was the main responsibility of federal troops from California during the Civil War?
    control NA
  20. Who is credited with planning the transcontinental railroad?
    Theodore Judah
  21. What was the main reason the railroad could continue after the death of its founder?
    Inflated mileage payments from the gov't
  22. What were the relations between business and California government like at the turn of the twentieth century?
    • business controlled gov't
    • bribes and favoritism were common
  23. How does the 1906 San Fran earthquake compare with the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake?
    SF quake was 15-20 times stronger
  24. Which book chronicles the lives of dust bowl immigrants to California?
    The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
  25. Which group of Japanese Americans did the US government consider a particular threat?
    • Kibei
    • the ones who were born in US but returned to Japan for education
  26. Approximately what percentage of Californian population is Caucasian?
    less than 50%
  27. About how many people live in Cali? (making it the most populous state in the US
    35 mill
  28. California was admitted as the ____ state in the US on September 9, 18__
    • 31st
    • 1850
  29. Cali senators are elected for ____ year long terms
  30. Cali assembly members are elected for ___ year long terms
  31. What is the highest point in the US? lowest?
    • Mt. Whitney
    • Death Valley
  32. What california landmark was home to the gold rush and is now current day Yosemite Park?
    Sierra Nevada Mtns
  33. Who gave California its name? How?
    • Ordonez de Montalvo
    • wrote about a fictional island called California
  34. California was mostly underwater until what?
    the Pacific and North American plate pushed up mountains creating Cali
  35. The Pacific Plate will move how much is a person's average lifetime?
    6-7 feet
  36. What is latitudes range?
    0-90 degrees North and 0-90 degrees South at the poles
  37. Longitude lines run parallel to what?
    The Prime Meridian
  38. The Prime Meridian runs through what city/country?
    Greenwich, England
  39. What is longitudes range?
    zero degrees at the Prime Meridian to 180 degrees east or 180 degrees west
  40. How are longitude and latitude expressed? (3)
    • degrees
    • minutes
    • seconds
  41. degrees are subdivided into __ _______
    60 minutes (')
  42. Longitude lines become closer together as they converge at the ______ _____
    North Pole
  43. By 400 AD, Native American had inhabited current day California for ______ years.
  44. Bering Strait connects ______ and ______ __________
    Asia and North America (when it was a grassy area)
  45. Originally (5500 BC) Cali NA did not have any ________ ___________
    written language
  46. The Spanish Monarchy was interested in spreading what?
  47. In 1519, _____ sailed from Cuba to Mexico and Spain established a colony there called ___ ____
    • Cortes
    • New Spain
  48. Who sailed from the west coast of mexico along the Pacific Coast until he reached San Diego?
    Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
  49. Who were the first Europeans to set foot in Cali?
    Cabrillo and his party
  50. Spanish explorers divided california into two differently named regions
    • Alta (upper)
    • Baja (lower)
  51. Who crossed the Pacific Ocean to complete his voyage around the world?
    Sir Frances Drake
  52. What is the name of a large ship with three or more masts and square sails used by Spain?
  53. Who gave many popular cities today their name and reported Monterey Bay to be the most suitable port for transporting goods to and from Mexico?
    Sebastian Vizciano
  54. Where was Father Serra's first mission established?
    San Diego (1769)
  55. Eventually, the missions, pueblos, and presidios (forts) formed a chain near the coast of Cali near the __ ______ ____?
    el camino real
  56. El Camino Real contained __ missions, __ pueblos, __ presidios
    • 21
    • 2
    • 4
  57. At the beginning of the mission system, the NA population was less than
  58. The mission system was based on what presumption?
    NA needed help to become Roman Catholics
  59. NA population declined about __% during the mission period
  60. Mexico gained its independence from _____ in 1821
  61. In 1834, California Governor ______ ________ ordered that the missions be __________ and ordered that half the lands should be distributed to NAs (didn't happen though)
    • Jose Figueroa
    • secularized
  62. Who formed the new elite California society?
    rancheros (owned a lot of land, cattle, etc.)
  63. What year marks the end of the 65 year mission period?
  64. Almost immediately after Mexican Independence, who declared its own independence? From who?
    • Texas
    • Mexico
    • 1836
  65. Who was a map maker and surveyor who is partially responsible for the Bear Flag Revolt (1846)?
    John Fremont
  66. Who proclaimed Cali possession of the US just a month after the Bear Flag revolt?
    Commodore Stout
  67. Who marched troops from Kansas to New Mexico and then on to California to battle the Californios?
    Stephen Kearney
  68. The Californios surrendered to the US forces and signed the what?
    Capitulation of Cahuenga
  69. in 1848, what ended the MExican-American War?
    The Treaty of Guadalupe
  70. California was officially a part of the US thanks to the Treaty of Guadalupe and the _____ _____ was fulfilled
    Manifest Destiny
  71. What began in 1849 and began a wave of immigration to Cali?
    Gold Rush
  72. How did most easterners reach California?
    overland trail
  73. The miners who remained even after an unsuccessful gold mining did what two things?
    • left the state
    • blended in with the population becoming merchants (Levi Strauss began selling Levi jeans)
  74. Who was the hardest hit minority group during the Gold Rush era?
  75. The  NA population reduced by __% during the Gold Rush era and it was funded by ____?
    • 80%
    • state and federal funds
  76. In 1849 delegates drew up a constitution for Cali that did what three things?
    • established current state borders
    • allowed women to own property
    • "Free state" (no slavery)
  77. When did stagecoach service begin and how long did it take to carry the mail from coast to coast?
    • 1858
    • 3 weeks
  78. When did the Pony Express service begin and how long did it take to carry the mail?
    • 1860
    • 2 weeks
  79. When did the telegraph come about?
  80. The Civil War made travel and commerce difficult. What was the solution?
    Transcontinental railroad
  81. During the Civil War, what was the main duty of the Cali troops?
    control the NAs
  82. What war is the only indian war in Cali? Who was the conflict b/w?
    • Modoc War (1872)
    • gov't and NAs
  83. What would be the most difficult part of the railroad building? What were Judah's first two steps?
    • Sierra Nevada Mts.
    • explore the mts and may a suitable route
  84. Who were the Big Four who financed the railroad?
    • Huntington
    • Hopkins
    • Stanford
    • Crocker
  85. The Railroad Act of 1862/1864 said what?
    • Central RR could build from Sacramento to Nebraska
    • Union RR could build from the east to Omaha
  86. Who did most of the labor on the RR from 1863-1869?
    chinese workers
  87. What four things led California into the 1900s?
    • Oil
    • Agriculture
    • Citrus
    • Movies industry
  88. When did the motion picture begin?
  89. When were huge oil deposits found?
  90. when did the panama canal open?
  91. Farmers had battles regarding what?
  92. What number on the Richter scale was the SF earthquake?
  93. How long did the fires burn after the SF quake? How many people were evacuated?
    • 4 days
    • 20,000
  94. Huge migration came from what historical event where a large area of land became impossible to farm?
    Dust Bowl
  95. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941 created many?
    defense-related jobs
  96. From what years were 120,000 Japanese held in ten internment camps?
  97. After WWII, California entered an age of ____, ____, and ______.
    • space
    • flight
    • technology
Card Set
CSET - Subtest I (california history portion)
cset california history portion of subtest I