History Final

  1. Julius Caesar
    Who, General and Dictator of Roman Empire

    What, expanded Roman Empire to

    When, 100 – 44 BCE

    Where, Roman Empire and Egypt

    Significance, was a great military leader and was stabbed in the back
  2. Spartacus
    Who, roman slave

    What, gladiator lead slave rebellion against roman republic

    When, 100s – 70s BCE

    Where, Rome

    • Significance, folk hero that fought for freedom of slavery commanded army of 120,000 slaves
    • against roman forces
  3. Teotihuacan
    Who, Early settlers

    What, nerve center of an empire that covered the valley of Mexico

    When, 200 BCE – 500 CE

    Where, Central Mexico

    • Significance, In its prime a massive city state of almost 100,000 people and constructed some
    • of the largest pyramid structure in the Americas and had great influence in other civilizations all over Mexico.
  4. Constantine
    Who, Roman Emperor

    What, First Christian Roman emperor and established Constantinople

    When, 300s CE

    Where, Eastern Roman empire what is now Asia Minor

    • Significance, Was first Christian roman emperor and signed the Edict of man which proclaimed
    • religious tolerance in the Roman Empire.
  5. Justinian
    Who, East Roman Emperor

    • What, extravagant emperor who thought big and somewhat expanded eastern Rome as well as build
    • largest cathedral in the world at Constantinople

    When, 500s CE

    Where, Eastern Roman Empire what is now Asia minor

    • Significance, Built the largest Cathedral but in the world but also re-conquest allowed the
    • survival form barbarians invasions
  6. Axum
    Who, capital of Ethiopia

    • What, trading state where goods of Africa were traded also home to the biggest single block
    • structures in the world, Stelae towers

    When, 300s BCE

    Where, Ethiopia

    • Significance, It is significant because it was a major hub of trading of goods as well as the
    • large stone structures that still stand today
  7. Tikal
    Who, Mayans

    What, largest and oldest city-state of the Mayan world

    When, around 400 BCE

    Where, Just above what is now Guatemala

    • Significance, Tikal is the first settlement of the Mayan people who were a very advance
    • people and civilization
  8. Mohammad
    Who, founder of the religion of Islam

    • What, responsible for first saras of the Qur’an when met the arch angel Gabriel told him to
    • “recite” and founded Islam

    When, 500s – 600s CE

    Where, Arabia

    • Significance, the Islam religion and the Qur’an are still used today and it is important
    • to know its history
  9. Year of the Elephant
    Who, year Mohammad was born

    What, ruler of Yemen road his elephants into Arabia in war

    When, 500s CE

    Where, Arabia

    Significance, year Mohammad was born
  10. Cahokia
    Who, Native American ancient city

    • What, known for Monks Mounds were burial mounds, foundations for temples
    • or for the houses of city officials and trading post

    When, 600 – 1400 CE

    Where, what is now Illinois

    • Significance, a national historic landmark for the achievements of the earthworks of the
    • mounds cultural center of Mississippi
  11. Chichen Itza
    Who, greatest Mayan city state

    What, home to immense great Mayan architecture and pyramids and art

    When, 900s

    Where, Mesoamerica, Mexico

    Significance, greatest Mayan city state use it to learn more about Mayans
  12. Crusades
    Who, Christian Europe

    What, religious military campaigns

    When, 1000s-1200s

    Where, captured Jerusalem and Muslim holy land

    • Significance, though easily neutralized and power was short lived they did establish
    • Ayyubid and weaken Byzantine empire Also huge cultural exchange of European and
    • middle eastern ideas and opened up trade route in the Mediterranean with Asia
  13. Scholar Bureaucrats
    Who, civil servants appointed by emperor of china to perform day to day governance

    What, had to take examinations and best scores got best jobs

    When, 500 – 1200s CE

    Where, China

    • Significance, start of standardized testing and idea of educated work for and the best
    • get the job
  14. Mansa Musa
    Who, Mali Emperor

    • What, He expanded Mali empire, captured gold and salt producing regions, secured trade
    • routes and captured Timbuktu and Gao

    When, 1300s

    Where, Africa

    • Significance, Could be the wealthiest ruler of his time and was all about gold and when
    • brought it to Egypt he actually caused inflammation because he brought so much
  15. Genghis Khan
    Who, Emperor of Mongols

    What, unites the five Mongol tribes and Mongol expansion

    When, 1100s – 1200s

    Where, Mongolia

    • Significance, most known Mongol emperor that expanded and untied Mongolian tribe caused
    • major campaign of power
  16. Black Death
    Who, plague wiped-out millions of people

    • What, bubonic infection coming form possible infected rats and fleas that passed it on to
    • humans

    When, 1300s

    Where, spread all over Europe

    Significance, a major historic disaster that effected all of eastern hemisphere
  17. Zhange He
    Who, Chinese Muslim admiral

    • What, Ming dynasty led naval expedition all over the Indian Ocean to show China’s flag and
    • trade

    When, 1400s

    Where, Indian Ocean, China to India to Arabia to Africa

    Significance, Largest flotilla in the world
  18. La Navidad (1492)
    Who, Settlement in Haiti

    • What, Christopher Columbus sailed there with promise of gold and decided for the wrecked Santa
    • Maria crew to make a settlement called La Navidad because it was discovered on Christmas

    When, 1492

    Where, Haiti

    Significance, One of the first places Columbus went to on his voyage
  19. Constantinople
    Who, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans

    What, Europe largest and wealthiest city in the middle ages

    When, 1400s

    Where, Europe

    Significance, largest and wealthiest city in Europe and religious capital for Catholicism
  20. Treaty of Tordesillas
    Who, Spainand Portugal

    • What, Divedup the new land discovered by Columbus
    • Spain got everything to the West and Portugal got everything from the east

    When, 1400s

    Where,Mexico to South America

    • Significance,this treaty is history of Spanish and Portugal control of the Americas
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  21. Columbian Exchange
    Who, Eastern and Western hemispheres

    What, widespread exchange of animals, culture, and plants

    When, 1400s

    Where, eastern and western hemispheres

    • Significance, massive globalization of exchanging goods on world markets and causing a
    • population explosion
  22. Sugar
    Who, May have originated in New Guinea but spread all over Asia first

    What, refined sugar popularity exploded

    When, 1500s

    Where, biggest refinery was in Brazil but sugar was popular all over the world

    Significance, Sugar exploded in popularity and became the largest export
  23. Mocha
    Who, Persians and Ottomans

    What, center of coffee trade

    When, 1400 to 1600s

    Where, Yemen to all over the world

    Significance, Mocha is the history of coffee and where it all began
  24. Guns, Germs & Steel
    Who, Jared Diamond

    What, why Europe got so powerful

    When, 2000s

    Where, Europe compared to the rest of the world

    • Significance, Because Europe has guns germs, plants, animals, east-west alignment and
    • steel when they came places the natives were fucked
  25. Hermán Cortés
    • -
    • Who, leader of conquistadors of Mexico from Spain

    What, conquered the Aztec empire, appointed by Charles V

    When, 1500s

    Where, Mexico

    Significance, Spanish conquistador how came to be Spanish influence in Mexico
  26. Martin Luther
    Who, German monk

    • What, started
    • protestant reform, tiered of the corruption in the Catholic church and called
    • for justification with his document 95 theses

    When, 1500s

    Where, Europe

    Significance, founder of the faction of Christianity Protestantism
  27. Guangzhou
    Who, Chinese city

    • What, most important trade city, during the Ming dynasty and only chinese city that
    • allowed foreign trade

    When, 1800s

    Where, China

    • Significance, City responsible for trade of world goods and thus spreading good from all
    • over the world in this market
  28. Charles V
    Who, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain

    • What, speculated due to his extensive family tree and connections that he would be the last world
    • emperor and uniting Europe

    When, 1500s

    Where, Rome, Spain, Europe

    • Significance, Thought he would unite all of Europe but didn’t and had some how hella
    • crazy family tree
  29. Ottoman Empire
    Who, Turkish speaking immigrants from central America

    • What, began as small city state on the Byzantine empire, the last remnant of the roman
    • empire captured Constantinople form Byzantine

    When, 1400s

    Where, Southern Europe (Belarus to Anatolia)

    Significance, Last remnant of the roman empire and the major expansion in southern Europe
  30. São Tomé
    Who, Portuguese settlement

    What, largest produce of sugar for Europe

    When, 1500s

    Where, uninhabited island of the West coast of Africa

    Significance, biggest producer of sugar for Europe
  31. Triangular Trade
    Who, Africa, Europe and North America

    What, trading of world goods across the Atlantic ocean

    When, 1700s

    Where, Trading across the Atlantic ocean,

    Significance, how shit from all over began to spread from all over
  32. Russian American Co.
    Who, Russian Czar Paul I

    • What, charted trading post in Russia America which was Alaska and Aleutian Islands, all
    • profits were to go to the Czar but the post fell apart due to lack of support form the Czar

    When, 1800s

    Where, Russia America

    • Significance, How a Russian presence came to be in America through the settlement of the
    • Russian America company.
  33. Mission San Luis Obispo
    Who, Spanish

    What, Mission set up in San Luis Obispo to spread Christianity to the natives

    When, 1700s

    Where, Central Coast CA

    • Significance, missions in the bay area needed food because supply ship was late and went
    • down to Los Osos area to get bears and later set up a mission in the central
    • coast in San Luis Obispo
  34. Essay #1
    • Intro – My boss and I sit down to our lunch, which
    • consist of fried chicken, potato wedges, corn and coffee to drink. I explain to
    • him that thanks to the Columbian exchange. Upon the arrival of the Europeans to North America in 1492, there
    • began a massive transformation in the global ecosystem resulting from the
    • exchange of flora, fauna, and disease between the Old World and the New. Historian
    • Alfred Crosby in his book of that title called this interchange of native life
    • forms the Columbian Exchange.

    • Chicken – Are originally form Eurasia with the oldest
    • discovery of chicken bones in China. During the 1500s the Columbian exchange
    • was in full effect chickens were brought to the Americas along with other
    • animals. And now there are over 24 billion chickens in the United States.

    • Potatoes – Are actually native to the Americas but
    • were still traded across the Atlantic and can be found all over Eurasia and
    • Africa

    • Corn – Or maize is another native of the Americas but
    • was still traded across the Atlantic and can be found all over Eurasia and
    • Africa

    • Coffee – Origins are from Eurasia, with Yemen more
    • specifically Mocha being the first place a coffee drink was made and drunk. And
    • now coffee and coffee related drinks are one of the most popular and most
    • consumed beverages in America.

    • Other – Due to the Columbian exchange there was a
    • massive population increase due to the large influx of people immigrating and
    • the acceptance of better diets due to the availability of different types of
    • foods. But not only were plants and animals shared but also diseases like,
    • smallpox, whooping cough, measles, and several others that were detrimental to
    • those never exposed to such ailments. But without the Columbian exchange, which
    • is merely, a primitive form of globalization the world would not be the way it
    • is today.
  35. Essay #2
    • Intro – By the start of the 18th century
    • Europe had caught and surpassed China massive economy and emerged as the
    • dominant force in global economy. Jared Diamond movie consist of the tree
    • factors that led to Europe’s domination, Gun, germ and steel.

    • Germs – According to Jared Diamond, Europe’s location
    • allowed it to become the super power it did. Europe was home to the best and
    • most sustainable crops and plants such as wheat and a plethora of fruits and
    • vegetables. Europe was also home to the most domesticable animals that were
    • essential to an agrarian society.
    • And the closes the Europeans share with the animals also allowed them to
    • become disease resistant.

    • Guns – Unfortunately like predicted Charles V was
    • perceived to be able to unify the European empires politically. Unfortunately
    • he did not. Thus according to William McNeill Europe was in a constant state of
    • war among the gun power empires, Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires. As the
    • wars progressed so did the technology because of the competition to out do
    • their opponents each empire tried to become more advanced thus sparked a major
    • technological advancement. This new technology allowed Europe to become a
    • greater force and unmatched in artillery.

    • Steel – Lucky Europe was home to a massive resource
    • of coal. And out of coal came the production of steel. Which started the
    • Industrialization of Europe that made them a super power
  36. Essay #3
    • Intro – Europe was the first to industrialize not
    • because of factors such as race, religion or culture but rather simply
    • accidents and good luck. The factors that allowed Europe be the first to
    • industrialize are: the accidental discovery of the New World, political
    • division of Europe, and Europe’s natural resources.

    • New World – Columbus accidentally discovered the
    • Americas and with the discovery of them Europe was able to capitalize and
    • expand across the Atlantic. The Americas gave Europe access to more land, which
    • was desperately needed to the massive population increase as well as untapped
    • resources of new crops.

    • Division – If Charles V was able to unify Europe politically
    • then the constant warfare that inspired massive artillery competition and
    • advancement in technology would have not occurred as rapidly as it did. But
    • since he was accidently unsuccessful it led to Europe advanced artillery
    • technology to become dominant

    • Natural Resources – Also Europe was home to massive
    • natural resources of coal, which lead to the production of the steam engine and
    • the entire industrial revolution. Another resource they had was silver and
    • luckily china had an incredible demand for silver thus making Europe richer and
    • more powerful.
Card Set
History Final