Why was nationalism problematic in Eastern Europe?
hard to unite people, everyone wanted their own culture
political and social order achieved by traditional ideas
people are a whole party, nothing is individual
written constitutions/spearation of powers- all for change
sense of pride and devotion toward one's country
compare/contrast covour and bismark 's policies of uniting germany and italy
both believed in realpolitik
cavour made reforms and improvements such as building railroads
bismark just started fighting
which political philosophy controlled the congress of vienna?
balance of power/ legitimacy- restoring hereditary monarchs disrupted by napoleon
How did Bismark think he could unite germany?
through war, "blood and iron" speech
What was the primary objective of the Congress of Vienna?
to create lasting peace by establishing a balance of power and protecting monarchies
Why was europe at peace for so long after 1815?
congress of vienna?
Define red shirts
soldier volunteers under garibaldi
what did the red shirts do?
won control of sicily
who/what did the unification of germany threaten?