CSET - subtest I (LA and lit. portion)

  1. grapheme
    smallest part of written language
  2. onset
    • initial consonant sound of a syllable
    • ex: sw- in the onset of swim
  3. rime
    • part of a syllable that contains the vowel and all that follows it
    • ex: -im is the rime of swim
  4. phoneme identity
    recognize the same sounds in different words
  5. phoneme blending
    • combining phonemes to create a word
    • students can read and write word
  6. phoneme deletion
    recognizing the word that remains when a phoneme is deleted/removed
  7. teaching phonemic awareness, particularly how to segment words into phonemes, helps children learn...
    how to spell
  8. what is the heart of phonemic instruction?
    relating sounds to letters
  9. systematic and explicit phonics instruction is most effective when...(2)
    • introduced early
    • taught to children from various social and economic levels
  10. systematic and explicit phonics significantly improves...(2)
    • k&1st word recognition and spelling
    • children's reading comprehension
  11. whole-word or meaning-based reading programs pay limited attention to...(2)
    • letter-sound relationships 
    • how to blend letters to pronounce words
  12. fluency is the bridge between ...
    word recognition and comprehension
  13. what substantially improves reading fluency, word recognition, speed, and accuracy?
    • repeated oral reading
    • w/guidance and feedback
  14. what two exercise methods help improve reading fluency?
    • students should hear models of fluent reading 
    • students should read orally from a text they can easily master
  15. vocabulary is important for (3) things
    • communicating effectively
    • learning how to read
    • reading comprehension
  16. how do children learn the meanings of most words?
    • indirectly
    • through everyday experiences by reading or hearing language
  17. three ways that children learn word meanings indirectly:
    • children engage in oral language daily
    • children listen to adults read to them
    • children read extensively on their own
  18. before reading, what helps students vocabulary and reading comprehension?
    teaching them new specific words so they understand them when they reach them in the new text
  19. word-learning strategies (3)
    • knowing how to use dictionaries, thesauruses, and other reference aids
    • knowing how to use info about word parts to figure out the word's meaning (affixes, root word, base word, etc.)
    • how to use context clues to determine word meaning
  20. Good readers are: (2)
    • purposeful - have a purpose for reading..whether its to learn a new skill or for entertainment or for a course req.
    • active - think actively using their experiences and knowledge to help them make sense of the text
  21. "thinking about thinking" or thinking about and having control over their reading is categorized as...
  22. knowing when you understand what you read and what you did not understand is categorized as...
    comprehension monitoring
  23. using what type of comprehension strategy do students have greater appreciation, understanding, and memory for stories...?
    recognizing story structure
  24. A synthesis of the important ideas in a text is called...
    a summary
  25. comprehension strategies are direct and typically include...(4)
    • direct explanation
    • modeling
    • guided practice
    • application
  26. cooperative learning involves students...
    working together as partners or in small groups on clearly defined tasks helping each other learn and comprehend
  27. the following are what kind of strategies:
    ask questions about the text
    summarize parts of text
    clarify words and sentences not understood
    predict what might occur next in the text
    comprehension strategies used in reciprocal teaching
  28. vgotsky believed
    • thought and language are not coordinated during the sensorimotor and preoperational stages
    • birth to age 6..thought and language develop independently
    • before age 6 or 7 language is primarily functional
  29. piaget is known for his four developmental stages:
    • (1) sensorimotor
    • (2) preoperational
    • (3) concrete operational
    • (4) formal operational
  30. what are the building blocks of language?
  31. what is the study of logical or grammatical structure of sentences?
  32. what is the study of the meaning of language?
  33. what is the study of how diff contexts and social setting impact the way language is used?
  34. what is the study of longer spoken and written discourses such as verbal exchanges or written texts?
    discourse analysis
  35. norm-referenced tests are designed to ...
    • compare students
    • ex: Intelligence tests (IQ)
  36. criterion-referenced tests are designed to...
    • determine the degree to which an objective has been reached
    • ex: teacher-made tests
  37. SES stands for...
    socioeconomic status
  38. what describes the subject or tells what that subject is doing?
    a sentence
  39. what the subject is doing is called?
  40. every predicate has a _____?
  41. a clause contains a ____ and a _____
    subject and verb
  42. what frequently begins with prepositions?
    dependent clause
  43. what's another name for a dependent clause?
    subordinate clause
  44. what begins with a relative pronoun?
    relative clause
  45. of which, that, which, who, whoever, whose
    are all examples of what part of speech?
    relative pronoun
  46. when do you use the objective form? (me, us, him, her, etc)
    • when the pronoun is the object of a verb or preposition
    • ex: she wanted them to pass
    • ex: Cathy helps him and me.
  47. adverbs do what?
  48. adverbs modify what?
    • verbs, adj, and adverbs
    • ex: Ryan quickly sought a solution
  49. a comma splice consists of two...
    independent cause joined by just a comma
  50. good dictions conveys a ...
    thought clearly without unnecessary words
  51. when two or more ideas are connected, as a _____ structure
  52. Who was among the first writers to popularize the view that children were not just small adults?
    jean rousseau
  53. children's literature didn't exist until...
    • 1700's
    • (1800's in the US)
  54. children's lit originally conveyed what?
    a religious or moral message
  55. define epic
    a very long narrative poem
  56. define lyric
    • related to an epic
    • shorter than an epic
    • presents profound feelings or ideas
  57. lyric poems were called ______ when sung by French troubadours
  58. define novel
    depicts characters in a plot
  59. when did the modern novel develop? what were the strong popular themes?
    • 1800s
    • historical and social themes
    • allegorical
  60. a literary device in which characters or events in a literary, visual, or musical art form represent or symbolize ideas and concepts...
  61. american novels in the early 1900s focused on...
    give an example...
    • social ills
    • ex: The Grapes of Wrath
  62. define alliteration
    repetition of an initial consonant
  63. human body or human qualities given to nonhuman things is what literary term?
  64. define connotation
    the secondary meanings that a word represents
  65. define denotation
    actual meaning of a word
  66. when an inoffensive term is substituted for one that is lass offensive...
  67. when a drastic overstatement or understatement is used...
  68. arguing a person to discredit their position, rather than arguing against the position itself
    ad hominem
  69. an argument that appeals to the emotions of the person
    ad populum
  70. assuming that an argument is true without providing truth
    begging the question
  71. a conclusion that doesn't logically follow from the facts
    non sequitur
  72. falsely stating that one event following another is cause by the first event (false cause and effect)
    post hoc, ergo propter hoc
  73. an irrelevant point, diverting attention from the position being discussed
    red herring
  74. what typically has a plot, a setting, characters, and a narrator to tell the story and often tries to make some point that goes beyond the story itself?
    prose fiction
Card Set
CSET - subtest I (LA and lit. portion)
cset subtest I (LA portion)