Chapter 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissues (Mastering A&P)

  1. Choose the FALSE statement.




    B. Long bones include all limb bones except the patella.
  2. Which of the following is stored in bones?





    A. phosphate
  3. Which description of bone cells is INCORRECT?




    D. Osteogenic cells can differentiate into osteoclasts.
  4. The notable hardness of bone is attributed to ________.





    B. the presence of inorganic hydroxyapatites
  5. The illustrated bone-forming process would be associated with which of the following bones?

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    D. parietal
  6. What indicates that a long bone has reached its adult length?




    B. closure of the epiphyseal plate
  7. The structure indicated by the arrow is composed primarily of what material?

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    C. hyaline cartilage
  8. The correct order (from start to finish) of fracture repair is ________.




    D. hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, bony callus formation, and bone remodeling
  9. Choose the CORRECT pairing.




    D. paget's disease: excessive and haphazard bone deposition and resorption
  10. Hypercalcemia can be caused by_________.




    D. hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone
  11. Hyaline cartilage ________.




    A. is found on the ends of bones that form movable joints
  12. Which type of cartilage covers and protects the ends of bones at freely moveable joints?




    B. hyaline cartilage
  13. The axial skeleton includes the ________.




    D. ribs
  14. The main role of the appendicular skeleton is to protect and support vital organs. True or False
    False
  15. Bones do NOT have a role in ________.





    E. glycogen production
  16. Dense connective tissue forms part of which labeled part of the adult long bone in the figure?

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    B. C
  17. Which of the labeled parts of the bone is composed primarily of hyaline cartilage?

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    C. A
  18. Which of the labeled parts of the bone is composed primarily of compact bone?

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    E. D
  19. Which of the following is the major component of the part of the bone labeled E?

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    A. adipose tissue
  20. In which of the labeled parts of the adult long bone would hematopoietic tissue be located?

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    B. B
  21. The structures in the figure collectively form a structural unit termed a(n) ______.

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    D. osteon
  22. The indicated osteocyte is located within layers of bony matrix termed ______.

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    A. lamellae
  23. The indicated blood vessels and nerve are found within a ______.

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    C. Central (Haversian) canal
  24. Osteocytes are connected to each other through which structure?

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    C. caniculi
  25. What bone-associated structure in panel C is indicated by the arrow?

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    D. trabeculae
  26. In adults, yellow marrow is located ________.




    C. in the medullary cavity of long bones
  27. The osteon is ________.




    D. the structural unit of compact bone
  28. The epiphyseal plate is ________.




    B. where long bone lengthening occurs
  29. What is osteoid?




    A. the organic part of the matrix of bone
  30. Which bone cells form bone?




    C. osteoblasts
  31. What is the structural unit of compact bone?




    C. osteon
  32. During bone growth, which event is most significant at the surface indicated by the letter A?

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    D. expansion of the cartilage matrix
  33. During bone growth, which event is most significant at the surface indicated by the letter B?

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    A. calcification of the cartilage matrix
  34. During bone growth, which significant event occurs at the surface indicated by the letter C?

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    D. appositional growth
  35. During bone growth, which significant event occurs at the surface indicated by the letter D?

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    B. bone resorption
  36. What is endochondral ossification?




    A. the formation of bone from pre-existing hyaline cartilage models
  37. Which of the following is UNLIKELY to affect bone remodeling?




    A. glucagon
  38. Which of the following hormones is currently thought to decrease plasma calcium levels in pregnant women and children?




    B. calcitonin
  39. PTH promotes the formation of which hormone?




    C. calcitriol
  40. Which of the following would NOT be a way that parathyroid hormone (PTH) could alter plasma calcium levels? (Which one of the following is FALSE?)



    A. increase osteoblasts on bone
  41. Which hormone works directly in the intestine to increase plasma calcium levels?



    A. calcitriol
Author
lonelygirl
ID
220044
Card Set
Chapter 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissues (Mastering A&P)
Description
Biology 103A
Updated