Chapter 1 The Human Body- An Orientation (Mastering A&P).txt

  1. What does the principle of complementarity of structure and function mean?

    A. The age of the structure determines the function it performs.
    B. All structures perform the same functions.
    C. Function reflects structure and structure determines function.
    D. Functions are determined by environmental conditions, not by structure.

    C. Function reflects structure and structure determines function.
  2. Which organ systems function as control systems, communicating with other cells/organs to regulate their activities?

    D. nervous and endocrine systems
  3. Which materials are exchanged between blood and cells, as depicted by the set of arrows labeled 5 in the above figure?

    Image Upload 1

    A. all of the listed responses are correct
  4. Which of the following represents the correct order in which the components interact in a homeostatic control system?

    A.  the receptor, the control center, and the effector
  5. Which of the following is true of negative feedback mechanisms?

    A. The effect opposes the original stimulus or reduces its intensity.
  6. What section of the human body is presented in the figure?

    Image Upload 2

    A. sagittal
  7. Which of the following statements is correct?

    A. The umbilicus is caudal to the chin.
  8. Which of the following can be described as a cut made diagonally between the horizontal and the vertical planes?

    C. oblique section
  9. What is the function of serous fluid?

    D. It enables organs, such as the heart and the stomach, to slide across cavity walls and each other without friction.
  10. Which of the following is NOT one of the subdivisions of anatomy?

    C. renal anatomy
  11. Which of the following best defines anatomy?

    C. It is the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another.
  12. What level of structural organization is represented by the image numbered 5 in the figure?

    Image Upload 3

    A. tissue
  13. The knee is proximal to the thigh. True or False
  14. The sagittal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left parts. True or False
  15. The hand is ________ to the shoulder.

    C. proximal
  16. Which specific body cavity houses the heart and lungs?

    B. thoracic
  17. What is the role of the serous membranes covering some organs?

    A. to prevent friction between the organ and body cavity wall
  18. Which directional term is used to describe the relationship of the skin relative to the skeletal muscles?

    D. superficial
Card Set
Chapter 1 The Human Body- An Orientation (Mastering A&P).txt
Biology 103A