Sociology chap. 10 gender stratification

  1. gender stratification
    the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women
  2. matriarchy
    a form of social organization in which females dominate males
  3. patriarchy
    a form of social organization in which males dominate females
  4. gender stratification: structural-functional theory
    • macro-level
    • Parsons described gender in terms of 2 complementary patterns of behavior: masculine and feminine
    • helpful
    • gender gives men and women distinctive roles and responsibilities that help society operate smoothly
    • gender builds social unity as men and women come together to form families
  5. gender stratification: symbolic-interaction theory
    • micro-level
    • numerous sociologists have shown that gender is part of the reality that guides social interaction in everyday situations
    • hard to say; gender is both helpful and harmful
    • in everyday life, gender is one of the factors that help us relate to one another
    • at the same time, gender shapes human behavior, placing men in control of social situations. Men tend to initiate most interactions, while women typically act in a more deferential manner
  6. gender stratification: social-conflict and intersection theories
    • macro-level
    • Engels described gender in terms of power of one sex over the other
    • gender interacts with class, race, and ethnicity to create various levels of disadvantage
    • harmful
    • gender limits people's personal development
    • gender divides society by giving power to men to control the lives of women
    • intersection theory explains that minority women face multiple disadvantage
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Sociology chap. 10 gender stratification