Growth of German Nationalism

  1. INTRO
    1815
    end of Napoleoni War and creation of the Bund
  2. INTRO
    1850
    still no united German state
  3. INTRO
    historian
    Carr - Liberals most important
  4. ECONOMIC FACTORS
    1) industrial revolutions
    • appalling living conditions led to social unrest
    • persuasive in demands for political reforms - motive
  5. ECONOMIC FACTORS 
    2) improvements in transport
    • 1830s isolation ceased to exist
    • exploited natural resources - middle classes unification
  6. ECONOMIC FACTORS
    carr
    Railways broke down provincial barriers
  7. ECONOMIC FACTORS
    Zollverein
    • 1824 - two years later 25/39 joined
    • prototype of "united Germany" - kleindeutscchland

    Carr "mighty lever of unification"
  8. EFFECTS OF FRENCH REVOLUTION/NAPOLEONIC WARS
    • France conquered German states due to their division
    • German Princes raised army to drive out french
    • common identity and goals
  9. EFFECTS OF FRENCH REVOLUTION/NAPOLEONIC WARS

    but
    • economic change more persuasive
    • appealed to middle classes ad businessmen
  10. CULTURAL FACTORS
    language
    • main unifying force 25 million
    • Martin Luther Bible into "High German"
    • sense of community/strengthened similarties
  11. CULTURAL FACTORS
    students
    Burschenshaften student societies demonstrated for German nationalism
  12. CULTURAL FACTORS
    students
    BUT
    • national feeling not widespread
    • ideas too radical
    • McKichan "talkers and dreamers"
    • Carlsbad Decrees banned them
  13. ROLE OF LIBERALS
    1830s
    support for Liberals increased in SW German states
  14. ROLE OF LIBERALS
    developments
    • won approval of Frederick William IV 
    • later became King of prussia

    led to demands for a constitution and single Parliament
  15. ROLE OF LIBERALS
    important
    without Liberals as nationalism delayed
  16. ROLE OF LIBERALS
    but
    • failure of Frankfurt Parliament
    • not enough support
    • wrong time
Author
Anonymous
ID
219034
Card Set
Growth of German Nationalism
Description
higher history
Updated