Psychology 255 midterm notes 1

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  1. Barnum Effect
    when someone attributes a generalized personality description as their own, when really it could be attributed to anyone
  2. Father of psychology
    Wilhelm Wundt; was the father of psychology (research methods) because he was the first to create a experimental research lab for psychology
  3. Historical explanations for behavior (metaphysical systems (supernatural): animism
    belief that a natural phenomenon are alive and influence behavior
  4. Historical explanations for behavior (metaphysical systems (supernatural):Astrology
    human behavior is determined by the activity of celestial bodies
  5. Historical explanations for behavior: Philosophy
    the study of knowledge, behavior, and the nature of reality by making use of logic, intuition, and empirical observation
  6. Historical explanations for behavior: Philosophy (Positivism)
    19th century philosophers come to value observations in theories of knowledge and human behavior (based only on observations made absolute certainly)
  7. Historical explanations for behavior: Philosophy (Physiology and the physical sciences)
    the study of the functions of and interactions between different parts of the brain and body
  8. Determinism
    the idea that all events have meaningful, systematic causes
  9. Determinism (illusory correlation)
    the perception of arelationship where none exists, or perception of a stronger relationship that actually exists
  10. Determinism (Superstitious conditioning)
    Skinners box
  11. Empiricism
    rely on or derived from observation, experimetation or measurement
  12. Parsimony
    preferring simpletheories or explanations over complex ones
  13. Testability
    using research techniques to confirm or disconfirm scientific theories
  14. Testability (principles of falsafiability)
    openness to disconfirmation of either a theory or hypothesis
  15. Testability (operational definitions)
    a definition of a theoretical construct that is stated in terms of concrete, observable procedures
  16. Theories
    general statements about the relationship between two or more variables
  17. Hypothesis
    a specific prediction about a specific event or events
  18. Problem of induction
    you never know nwhen you have made enough observations to be sure that your law is true (David Hume)
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Psychology 255 midterm notes 1
Psychology 255 midterm notes 1
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