Modern Dance in Germany - Dance History

  1. Who were —the leading German modern dance pioneers?
    1. Rudolf Laban

    2. Mary Wigman

    3. Kurt Jooss

    4. Hanya Holm
  2. Born in Hungary to a noble military family and was more influential as an educator and theoretician than as a dancer
    Rudolf Laban
  3. —In the 1930’s he staged mass productions for groups of laymen and in 1936 directed 3,000 people in movement choirs for the opening of the Berlin Olympics
    Rudolf Laban
  4. Rudolf Laban contribution was in creating a written system for recording physical movement called:
  5. —Who developed a system for analyzing intensity, speed, direction, and weight of movement— and used geometric forms to analyze movement in three dimensions?
    Rudolph Laban
  6. Who —Studied under and danced lead roles in the choreography of Rudolf Laban (Laban’s assistant and principle dancer)?
    Kurt Jooss
  7. What was the name of the school Kurt Jooss founded?
    —Ballet Jooss
  8. Kurt Jooss most famous ballet, an expressionistic view of the origins of war in a modernized avant-garde style:
    —The Green Table (1932)
  9. —A  modernist movement (initially in poetry and painting) originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
  10. Presents the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas
  11. —German expressionist dance that was a reaction against the perceived confines of traditional ballet styles, it refers to an expression of reality that's distorted in shape and color.
  12. Jooss’ most famous work
    The Green Table
  13. Who composed the music for the Green Table?
    —Fritz Cohen
  14. —Is a strong anti-war statement, and was made a year before Adolf Hitler became the chancellor of Germany
    The Green Table
  15. —The Green Table Demonstrates that
    Art can portray serious social and political ideas (war, poverty, struggles of common people)
  16. Was the height of German Expressionistic Dance
    The Green Table
  17. —The first dance to be fully notated using Labanotation
    The Green Table
  18. —Known as the high priestess of ausdruckstanz
    Mary Wigman
  19. How did Mary Wigman's style contrast to Duncan's?
    Duncan’s: graceful and optimistic - focused on harmony found in classical Greece.

    Wigman: dark, brooding and mysterious imagery focused on death, witches and war. Her style was heavy and tense. Her works include Death Call, Witch Dance, Dance of Death
  20. Essence of Wigman’s Choreography
    —Deeply concerned with primitive and symbolic themes which she treated in a mystical and often grotesque manner—

    Preoccupied with death and used it as a symbol in her dances—

    Did not deal with individual problems but universal elements —

    Used tremendous range of movement and tended to kneel, crouch, crawl and creep —Her head was often downcast/her arms were rarely lifted high—

    She avoided all ballet movements —Considered space as an element that offered resistance to the dancers (represented the universe that the dancers struggle against)
  21. Influence of Wigman
    —Represented a major influence on American Modern dance

    —Broadened the scope of dance subject matter—

    Allowed American modern dance to stress a growing concern with self-expression and psychological creativity
  22. —Major disciple of Mary Wigman
    Hanya Holm
  23. —Brought German modern dance to America in 1931 when she opened a branch of the Wigman School
    Hanya Holm
  24. —By 1936, Holm disassociates herself from Hitler’s Germany, and Wigman and re-names her New York school
    The Hanya Holm School of the Dance
  25. Emphasized the freedom and flowing quality of the torso and back
    Holm's movement
  26. Used improvisation/composition in her classes and her main focus was learning through discovery
    Hanya Holm
  27. Hanya Holm Choreographed her movement focused on the body’s relation to space and emotion, which was an extension of
    Wigman and Laban's technique
  28. Hanya Holm choreographed successful Broadway shows:
    • —Kiss Me Kate
    • My Fair Lady
    • Camelot
Card Set
Modern Dance in Germany - Dance History
Modern Dance in Germany - Dance History