Works of Jesus
Not a question, just divider
Who is John the Baptist?
his role as a messanger
What is John the Baptist purpose?
- to baptize people.
- it is a baptism of repentance
- to baptize Jesus
what is the problem with the Baptism?
- for Christianity: Luke and John both minimize the narrative
- implications that John is better than Jesus because he is the one doing the baptizing
- if he needs a baptism then He is with sin
What is the nature of Jesus' temptation in the desert? (what does he get tempt with?)
- OT parallels
- Food: he is hungry. Israelites were hungry
- Safety: jump cliff and angels catch you. Israel faced danger on journey
- Power: to be king.
what are the types of miracles?
- healing miracles
- calming of the sea
- walking on water
- feeding miracle
What are the implications of the miracles?
- Healing: he speaks and it happens. God-like power. only time no happens is when you have no faith. (Blind Man of Bethsaida). Healing demonstrates he is from God
- Calming of the Sea: Jesus is linked to God
- Walking on water: reveals the Divine name
What do i mean when i say 'multiplications of the loaves?
- it is a feeding miracle, occurs in all four gospels
- Set in dessert.
- Messianic abundance
what is the importance of Cana?
- the miracle of wine.
- he doesnt want to do it but does.
- stone jars used for ritual washing, connecting to baptism, crucifixion, and eucharist.
- it is a fulfillment of Mosaic covenant.
- grace came through Christ
WORDS of Jesus
no question, answer
how does Jesus teach?
jesus and the New Torah?
- with direct statements and parables
- New Torah of Jesus is Matthew's Sermon on the mount. when he sits on mountain it is a symbol of authority.
what are the Beatitudes? Go in detail
- blessed are X because of Y
- All X are: poor or mourning. reversal of the convention because reflecting the kingdom. poor people tend to rely more on God and that is why they are blessed.
- 1. Poor in Spirit: poor blessed because high spirit and not materialistic. Rich don't rely on the Lord.
- 2. Hunger and Thirst for Uprightness: not eating because fasting. Deny yourself for something greater
- 3. Persecution: Do not forget that the rich went after your lives.
What are the fulfillment of the Law?
- I have not come to abolish it but to fulfill
- Jewish people still bound by Moses.
- Fulfill: perfection of what lies behind the Law. Law of love.
what are the changes/ perfection of the Law?
- 1. not kill: anger not the instinctual one but the one you nurse
- 2. lust: don't turn people into objects, no cut it off
- 3. defile a person: Kosher laws, focus on the interior beauty, importance of Love of God
the Kingdom of God?
- kingdom brought by Jesus, it is a blessing
- await the fulfillment of the future
- church is part of the Kingdom because sacraments give us Grace needed in world
Gentiles in the Kingdom?
- refers to the Syro-Phoenician Woman. story who asks who the kingdom is for?
- Dogs are gentiles, and children are Jews in "no fair to take kid food and feed to dog"
- Story is meant for church. Israel does not like Gentiles but they too have faith. groundwork to let them in
what are the Sacraments in John's gospel?
- referring to Jn. 3. sacramental to enter to the Kingdom. i think he is talking about baptism.
- Nicodemus is not stupid. has some knowledge.
- Nicodemus misses that the idea is you have a spiritual rebirth to enter heaven. not earthly
what is the importance of the Bread of life Discourse?
- Background: people are looking for Jesus because last time they were fed and want to be fed again.
- then: I am the bread of life. it is a sign.
- people know his parents so how can he come from heaven and be bread. people taking it literal.
real presence: bread of life
shock? problems and sacramental understanding?
- shock: freaking out and ask how possible to eat his flesh
- problem: eating flesh of God. violates Kosher.
- sacramental misunderstanding. taking it too literal
Background of the parables?
- they are complicated and use everyday imagery because it is what the people understand
- gives some explanations to apostles because they have to preach it. some not to us because many levels in explanation
problem with the Parables?
- look but not perceive, listen but not understand: quote from OT
- prophetic mission of Jesus and sometimes prophets get rejected
- hear-understand-practice. Steps, do not miss the steps and practice what you preach
what is the Sabbath controversy and the temple? Jesus' defense?
- Diciples pick grain on Sabbath day.
- Jesus defense: david eating the Bread of the Presence. spirit of the law vs. letter. we meant to pray and be good and Jesus doing that so okay.
- Temple problem: priest allowed to work on Sabbath because they have to make sacrifices. disciples like priest. jesus is temple.
the problem with the Apocalyptic section
- two sections: when will it be and signs of it coming
- Disciples think destruction of temple is end of world. apostles don't understand separate answers
- birth pangs: pain but joy later.
PDR: Passion, Death, and Resurrection
not a question.
Basic timeline and difference between John and Synoptics?
Palm Sunday- rest of the week of preaching- captured- trial- crucifixion- resurrected
significance of the entry into Jerusalem
- entry on Palm Sunday
- entry riding on a donkey.
- gets shouts of triumph. greeted well and treated as King.
- signifies royal messianic passage and victorious King
what happens at the Last Supper?
- synpotics say its Passover supper
- john says its evening before Passover
- bread and wine: institution of Eucharist. this is my body... exetera
- washing of the feet
- prediction of the traitor and peter's denials
what happens at the Garden?
- garden of Gethsemane
- jesus says he doesnt want to die.
- there is a betrayal from Judah and an arrest
rationale behind the arrest?
arrest him quick so that no rebellion comes about
rationale behind needing a traitor?
- betrayal of Judah for:
- 1. propaganda- one of his own turned him in
- 2.to know who he is. arrest at night because afraid of crowd so kiss points out right guy
Biblical reasons for Judah's betrayal?
- didn't believe jesus was Messiah
- He was a Zellot so wanted a revolution started
charges against Jesus?
- trial was quick and that very night because prevent rebellion during feast of Passover celebrating freedom of oppresion
- trial at Sanhedrin charge on Blasphemy: tear down temple and claim divine status. but romans dont really care about it much so involve pilate
charges before Pilate?
- romans included to blame other people and wanted Jesus to go through crucifixion
- charge now sedition. sedition more of a problem for romans than blasphemy because of Caesar
what is the significance of crucifixion?
- it is seen as a curse in dt. cross does not equal Messiah.
- painful and lasting
- john links it to the Passover Lamb
what Jesus says on the cross?
- says six things:
- 1. forgive them for they no not what they do
- 2. woman behold your son.
- 3. this day you will be with me...
- 4. my god my god why have you abandoned me
- 5. i thirst.
- 6. it is finished/ into you hands...
Jesus says on the cross:
1. forgive them for they know not what they do
- Romans are caring out orders. reflexion of forgiveness.
- love those who persecute you
- jesus does what he preaches
jesus final words: woman behold your son?
symbolism of handing over church
final words: this day you will be with me...
- Jesus is innocent to the crime
- promise to keep heaven for other guy on cross
final words: my god, my god...
- why have you abandoned me. Salm 22
- cry of despair. there is an absence of God.
- sounds like song of lament
- hope in salvation that comes from God.
final words: it is finished/ into your hands
- john: it is finished- jesus has control over the situation. he director
- synoptics: hands.
the significance of Palm 22?
- my god my god...
- cry of depair. sounds like song of lament.
- Hope in the end of times
- is quick because Sabbath approaches. rituals need to be done before become impure. also explains why came back on sunday- to finish rituals
- release quickly because dont want him to be there during festivals.
- curse of Dt.
the nature of the resurrection and what is known historically?
- on third day: iffy because of timing
- empty tomb because skeptics checked
- women first ones to see, and they are not considerable witness
- change in disciples- they go from afraid to openly preaching
what the appearance tell us about Jesus?
- Christ is alive and has raised in body and soul.
- bodily resurrection because people probe wounds and He eats with peeps
- important because fulfillment of scriptures
- change and yet the same. glorified.
the "grand Conspiracy theory"?
stolen by the 12 who then lie and say that he is risen from the dead
the grand conspiracy theory refutation?
- 500 people as witness
- martyrdom: apostles die. 11/12 die preaching word of God. if lie then they would have cracked.
- paul cant be explained.
the New Covenant?
- new covenant with us
- promise of salvation
- requirment: faith in christ and sacramental stuff and upright life
- ratification: covenant begins with the cross. we have to baptize. he had to go on cross
outline of his letters?
- greeting: from, to, grace and peace
- thanksgiving section
- body of letter
why he writes the letters?
- paul cannot be at the communities and continuing the mission.
- it is efficient communication for he time
details about 1 cor?
- date: 57
- outline: division, sexual morality, gentile practices, worship, gifts and the curch, resurrection
1 cor: divisions and sexual morality
- division and baptism. solution: each minister has a role to fill. building analogy. all come from christ
- sexual morality: incest. excommunicate so no affect you. let them marry so not in sin. widowers shouldnt remarry to spend more time with god. no other obligations
1 cor: false gods
gentile gods do not exist. freedom in chrism to act (as in eat meat sacrificed to idols) but do not cause a scandal or cause others to sin. do not participate in rituals.
details about Phil?
- shortest letter in NT
- talks about acceptance of slavery because of the Law
- date: 61-63
- paul is in prison
slavery in Rome and Christianity?
- philemon by Paul
- talks about Onesimus who ran away which was bad but worth it because came back as a brother of christ. now deserves respect.
- freedom of slaves: slaves are brothers in Christ. allows you to see dignity in a human
factionalism and its solution?
- factionalism: meaning groups praying together.
- not bad because of trust issues and persecution.
- bad because it creates exclusive party and class
- solution: no exclude, eat as a community, examine your conscience
sexual morality and expulsion of sinners?
- in 1 cor.
- not even gentiles do it.
- hand over to satan: excommunication so that they can fix what is wrong and come back. yeast in bread will spoil all of bread
- let them marry so not in Sin
- 1 cor: false gods
- can eat meat sacrificed to pagan gods. Jesus and God happy that gentiles know the gods dont exist. participate but dont cause scandal and dont cause others to sin and dont participate in actual ritual
head covering for women?
- issue of division in community
- paul writes for both arguments but seems to be for becuase of Angels.
- conclusion is no custom. you decide amongst yourself but not worth devision
the body of Christ?
- 1 cor:
- variety of gifts given to community: tongue speaking and talents.
- analgogy of body- all should work together and not compete, gifts given for a reason
why "Catholic Epistles"
like why is it called catholic epistles?
- not only catholic but term means universal
- audience not a single community but several different regions
what are the catholic epistles?
letter to james and peter and stuff. just letters
Letter of Hebrews: author?
- not considered pauline today cuz not in his format and doesnt sound like him
letter of the Hebrews: themes within the Hebrews?
- temple worship: should they continue to do it?
- sacrificial life: what it means to be a Christian
- figures from OT: standard large ones
Priesthood of Jesus (letters to the Hebrews)
- jesus as Davidic Messiah but turns to Christ as High priest
- Melchizedek not a levite and only tribe of levi can be priest.
replacement of Mosaic covenant?
place for the temple for believers?
works and James?
do the word
Rahab as examples?
- she is not a believer of a gentile but trust God when he says destroy Jericho. that is why she puts scarf on door and why she is saved
Abraham as an example?
faith in God. immediate trust. leaves Haran out of the blue and sacrifices his Son
connection between James' insistence on works of Paul's theology?
Book of Revelation
not a question.
authorship of the book?
- john. he identifies himself as John.
- probably not john of the gospels
nature of the apocalyptic literature?
- written in times of persecution. both Jewish and non-Jewish.
- explains why certain secrets
ways to interpret the book?
- purpose was to convince believers that god is still in charge
- problem with time
linear vs. cyclical times?
- problem with the 7s
- 3 groups of 1. seals, 2. trumpets, 3. bowls
- linear: arranged on a line one after the other
- cyclical: recapulation: 7 events talked about 3 ways. all one chunk in the line
jesus as the Lion of Judah?
- lion of the tribe of Judah: identity of the lamb
- referenceto the monarchy and role as Davidic King
- john good imagination
jesus as the Lamb of God?
- indentity of lamb
- preaceful/ sacrifice
- lamb is worthy to open seals and see what will come
Jesus as the lamb slain
7 eyes and 7 horns?
- jesus will be slain. easy symbolism
- 7: finished, perfection
- eye: knowlege
- horn: power
- perfect knowledge and power is Christ
satan: the ancient serpent who takes 1/3 of the angels
- minions of the dragon
- 1. political: anti-christ- rome and his emperors, camarra, mortal wound parody of christ
2. religious: false prophets
- 6 is one less than 7 so imperfect
- nero caesar