Religion Final

  1. A.   Explain the hinge function of Deuteronomy in the context of the
    Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament
    • 1.    Looks back: to the first four books of
    • the Torah and Israel’s control under Moses

    • 2.    Looks forward: to the new ways such as
    • monotheism, meaning there is only one God in the way
    • things will be in judges.
  2. A.   Concisely explain the three editions of the Deuteronomistic
    History and how they are reflected in Deuteronomy 12
    1.    Neo-Assyrian: worship at Jerusalem. One God, one cult, one people. Profane slaughter is allowed. Only worship in the temple.

    • 2.    Neo-Babylonian: discusses how the word rest means temple, God
    • is transcendent, his name is present in the temple but he is in heaven.

    3.    Persian: separation from impure people of the land, monotheism.
  3. A.   Be able to give four characteristics of Deuteronomistic theology
    (at any stage)
    1.    Secular profane slaughter

    2.    Focus on southern kingdom

    3.    Retributive theology

    4.    Davidic monarchy is chosen by God
  4. A.   Be able to explain the four editions of the book of Joshua and
    the characteristics associated with each edition
    • 1.    Neo-Assyrian: everyone is wiped out, stories of conquest
    • that legitimate Josiah’s rule over all the north and south kingdoms

    • 2.    Neo-Babylonian: exiled, stressed evidence of law, 1.8- this
    • book of the Torah will not depart from your mouth

    3.    Persian: Separation from people of the land

    4.    Post-Deuteronomistic: Rehab, prostitute with a heart of GOLD
  5. A.   Concisely explain the three stages through which the book of
    Judges passed and the theological ideas associated with each
    • 1.    Northern collection of savior stories, worship
    • practices that are not Deuteronomistic

    • 2.    Deuteronomistic layer imposes framework; sin-
    • punishment-cry out- deliverance-peace

    • 3.    Post-Deuteronomistic; Levite/concubine-
    • terrible with no king
  6. A.   Be able to explain two ways in which the stories in Genesis 19
    and Judges 19 are similar in the meaning of each story in its larger context
    • 1.    Point: Judges 19 no king to enforce justice, there
    • is a snowballing feud- one rape causes thousands to lose their lives,
    • intentions never get resolved. Prepares for monarchy

    2.    Genesis 19 the promise can be trusted, God saves lot

    • 3.    Similarities: Both parties try to stay in square, both
    • offer up women, host provide warning, hospitality is offered in both, door
    • separates safety from danger
  7. A.   Be able to define peripheral and central prophets and to
    describe the two major ways that prophecy was conceived in the ancient world
    • 1.    Central prophet: advise king, interpret
    • signs, give oracles, high social class

    • 2.    Peripheral prophet: no accredited, charismatic,
    • marginal, low social class, tend to tell those in charge what they are doing
    • wrong.

    3.    Prophet, other worldly journey, Micah ben imlah

    4.    Ecstatic prophecy: indwelled by the spirit-Ezekiel
  8. A.   Be able to explain the three major divisions of the book of Amos
    and the kinds of material present in each
    1.    Oracles against nations, chapters 1 and 2: For three transgressions and for four= WAR

    2.    Central oracles: 5.18 -27= social justice. Amos- the prophet who hates the cult. Day of Lord/ Condemnation of Cult

    3.    Visions (CHS 7-9) 7.10- 17 Amaziah and Amos at Bethel play on words
  9. A.   What are the two major themes of Hosea? How does the metaphor of
    marriage to a promiscuous woman help Hosea to understand God’s relationship to
    • 1.    Hosea marries a whore;
    • this tells him that marriage should imply exclusivity. Israel and God’s
    • relationship

    2.    Baal- Hosea is against fertility; God is giving you fertility not Baal
  10. A.   Briefly explain the three reasons Hosea attacks the worship of
    Israel in Hosea 4.4-14
    • 1.    Lack of knowledge- intellectual, social,
    • physical

    2.    Prophet from sin- sin offering

    3.    Fertility rights- wood/wand, hill and trees, priest join and prostitution
  11. A.   Explain two major themes of second Isaiah that are introduced in
    Isaiah 40.1-11
    1.    Exodus, return from Babylon to Judea

    2.    New creation/ recreation

    Guilt of Judea is paid for, slavery is at an end
  12. Be able to explain the
    point of the stories of Elijah and Elisha raising the dead in 1 Kings 17.17-24
    and 2 Kings 4.18-37
    • 1.    Point in 2Kings= Elisha, there are
    • limitations and Elisha’s powers are limited

    • 2.    Point in 1Kings= Elijah, God did the work,
    • Elijah acted in faith
  13. A.   What rhetorical features does the prophecy in Isaiah 1.2-3 have?
    What is the point in comparing Israel to a donkey and an ox?
    • 1.    Israel is dumber than an ox and donkey, the ox and donkey know who their master is and who feeds them. On the other hand
    • Israel is too dumb to recognize who is their master even though God raised them
    • and provided for them.
  14. A.   Be able to explain concisely three ways in which Isaiah 2.1-5
    reverses Zion theology. Also be able to explain what Zion theology is.
    1.    Pictures enemies as disarming themselves

    2.    Enemies gather for Torah

    3.    Violence- universalism based on Torah
  15. A.   How does Joel 3.9-12 reverse the prophecy in Isaiah 2.4? What is the significance of this reversal?
    1.    It is not time for peace and harmony but rather time for God to kick ass

    2.    Wants justice people need to be punished for what they are doing wrong, then there can be peace
  16. A.   How did Isaiah’s throne-room vision help the early Christians to understand why many Jews were rejecting their message about Jesus
    • 1.    Association with the seed- God is planting the people but they are responding in the wrong way. Few in number but really
    • productive-if few people respond that’s okay because the ones that do are
    • really fruitful.
Card Set
Religion Final
Religion Final