1. the period of tension between the USSR and US following WWII
    Cold War
  2. What was the name for institution FDR hoped would promote world peace, which was based on Wilson's League of Nations?
    United Nations
  3. What happened to Germany shortly after WWII?
    was divided into 4 occupation zones.
  4. The Marshall plan was designed to
    help European nations recover from the war.
  5. The main purpose of the security council of the UN is to
    prevent member nations from using their veto power.
  6. What term did Winston Churchill use to describe the separating of the East from West by the Communists?
    Iron Curtain
  7. Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark case because it ruled:
    that segregated schools were unconstitutional.
  8. The US became involved in the Korean War in order to
    stop the spread of Soviet influence.
  9. The Communist leader who, in 1949, established the People's Republic of China
    Mao ZeDong
  10. What failed operation into Cuba under Kennedy led directly to the Cuban Missile Crisis?:
    Bay of Pigs
  11. Joseph McCarthy was most famous for
    his anti Communism
  12. Your book calls this president's administration "more symbol than substance."
    John F. Kennedy.
  13. The idea behind the ecumenical movement was
    Christians should settle their differences and united.
  14. What was the name for the scandal which ruined Nixon's presidency?
    Watergate Affair
  15. Richard Nixon's 2nd Vice President, who replaced Agnew, was named:
    Gerald Ford
  16. What description best fits Gerald Ford:
    honest and hardworking
  17. While both the 60's and the 70's featured significant domestic strife, the 70's featured
    economic difficulty.
  18. What caused OPEC to place an oil embargo against the USA in 1973?
    The US supported Israel, which Arab countries attacked it.
  19. By 1978, the number of abortions performed in America each year reached over
  20. The Republican who seriously challenged Gerald Ford for his party's nomination in 1976 was
    Ronald Reagan
  21. The cornerstone of Jimmy Carter's foreign policy was
    Defense of human rights
  22. Jimmy Carter's greatest foreign policy triumph was
    Camp David Accords.
  23. Reagan asked for increases for
    Military spending
  24. What aspect of Reagan Revolution was the president least successful carrying out?
    balancing the budget
  25. Reagan policy that experienced radical shift during second term
    Soviet relations
  26. 2 events in 1986 that limited Reagan's effectiveness
    Iran- Contra affair/ loss of Senate majority
  27. Why did the U.S. supply arms to Iran?
    Provide financial support for the Contras, encourage release of American hostages in Iran, encourage a moderate successor of the Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran
  28. who ran against George Bush for Republican presidential nominee in 1988?
    Jack Kemp
  29. Major campaign promise George Bush broke during presidency?
    not increase taxes
  30. Issue that Clinton focused on attacking Bush during 1992 election?
  31. Reagan's budget restraints:
    increased the burdens of the poor, despite "safety net"
  32. What cast doubts on Reagan's ability to manage White House?
    The Iran-Contra Affair
  33. most European nations response to Hitler in 1939 was:
  34. Japanese-Americans living on West coast of US in early 1942 were sent to camps because
    they were a potential threat to security
  35. After Germany's attack on Poland:
    the Soviet Union divided Poland with Germany and attacked Finland
  36. Beginning in 1941, the brunt of war for the allies in Europe fell to
    the Soviet Union
  37. "Blitzkrieg" means:
    lightning war
  38. in late 1930's, FDR's reaction to Europe events was:
    concerned, he saaw Hitler's threat
  39. British Prime Minister who returned after meeting Hitler proclaaiming "peace in our time" was:
    Neville Chamberlin
  40. FDR's "Day of Infamy" speech was a response to:
    Pearl Harbor
  41. American forces in far east were led by:
    Douglas MacArthur
  42. Through the war, Stalin's hope concerning the US was:
    He hoped US would open a second front in Europe
  43. The general who planned D-day was:
  44. What ended the war with Japan?
    the atomic bomb
  45. Your book portrays Roosevelt's performance at Yalta as:
    dissappointing, because of FCR's wishful thinking and declining health
  46. Who replaced Franklin Roosevelt as president when Roosevelt died in 1945?
    Harry Truman
  47. The allied countries which represented "The Big Three" were:
    England, Russia, and USA
  48. In the Panama Canal Treaty, the US:
    promised to give the canal up in 2000
  49. What was Jimmy Carter's "most damaging defeat?
    Iranian hostage situation
  50. The election of 1980 showed:
    Americans responded well to Reagan's optimism
  51. The man who replaced J. Kennedy after Kennedy's assassination
  52. The over all name for Lindon Johnson's program to eliminate poverty and to create equality for opprotunity
    The Great Society.
  53. Text book says the Great Society was
    "on the whole, a failure."
  54. The preident. that helped pass the greatest civil rights act and voting rights act was
  55. The Communists in Vietnam were known as
    Viet Cong.
  56. What gave the president the authority to "take all necessary measures" to prevent future agression in the USA.
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  57. Early in the Vietnam conflict, a majority of Americans
    supported the war.
  58. The Tet Offense
    showed that the US was not close to winning as Americans had been lead to believe.
  59. Racial upheaval in the 1960's was most violent when
    the civil right movement splintered and radicalized.
  60. What kept Robert Kennedy from the Democratic nomination?
    He was shot and killed
  61. Nixon was successful in dealing with
    issues abroad.
  62. What occured at Kent State University in 1970?
    Riots went on and students were shot.
  63. What characteristics makes TR him?
    agression, righteousness, pride, militarism
  64. Under TR, what policy was restated?
    The Monroe Doctrine
  65. What are TR's greatest acheivements in foreign policy?
    Russian-Japanese War, the Great White Fleet
  66. TR's accomplishments:
    Laid foundation for federal government
  67. American foreign policy faced two basic tasks:
    maintain world peace and stabilize world's economy
  68. Panic in the US in the 20s:
    Red Scare
  69. What's fundamentalism?
    Belief that there are certain fundamental doctrines which no one can deny and be a Christian
  70. Charlie Chaplin's short film during the WWI
    Shoulder Arms
  71. Under Herbert Hoover in the 30s, the US saw:
    the Great Depression
  72. FDR's answer for the Great Depression that saved the economy:
    The New Deal: relief, recovery, reform
  73. According to Mr. Cook, why did Hitler fail?
    Through his own impatience, he sped up history, which triggered his own demise.
  74. According to Mr. Cook and most historians, who caused the Cold War?
    the USSR
  75. What is Truman's Doctrine of Containment?
    policy that incorporated both military and economic action to prevent the spread of communism
  76. Truman's agenda:
    Cold War and peacetime economic recovery
  77. According to Mr. Cook, why did Americans fear Communists in the 40s?
    It was actually a threat!
  78. How did the Cuban Missile Crisis end?
    Negotiated to pull missles out from Turkey and never to invade Cuba if USSR pulled missiles out of Cuba.
  79. What changes occured in Liberalism in the 60s?
    helping the poor. Motivating factor of Liberalism changes.
  80. According to Mr. Cook, the 60s changed...
    everything but was bad.
  81. 60s was the age of
    polarization and fragmentation (traditional vs radical)
  82. How did the Cold War end?
    Soviets couldn't hold themselves up, then came to US to end the war.
  83. John Winthrop and E Pluribus Unum advised:
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