Governement Final

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  1. A set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commissions and their staffs that exist to help a chief executive officer carry out his or her duties.
  2. may be private organizations or governmental units
  3. Who is in the bureaucracy?
    15 executive departments, government corporations, independent agencies, Regulatory agencies.
  4. How many employees are in the Bureaucracy?
    3 million
  5. What are some jobs in the bureaucracy?
    • Scientific research
    • clerk in welfare offices
    • decide burn policies for natural forests
    • undercover intelligence work
  6. What do bureaucracies do?
    • subsidies to farmers, veterans, scientist.
    • 2. Transfer money to state and local governments for grants in aid for highway building.
    • 3. devise and enforce regulations, such as safety features on automobiles.
  7. which president had the largest growth of bureaucracy?
  8. Relatively stable relationships among bureaucracies  congress and interest groups
    iron triangle
  9. The firing of public office holders of a defeated political party in order to replace them with loyalists of the newly elected party
    spoils system
  10. What are some criticisms of bureaucracy?
    • The Hatch act of 1939
    • Accountability
    • Red tape
  11. What are some positive and negatives of Bureaucracy?
    • Positives:1. ability to manage a large, complex organization in an orderly manner.
    •  2.supervisory offices and higher levels of management 
    • Negatives: 1. can be inefficient or wasteful
    • 2. Red tape--paperwork and rules
    • 3. slow to make changes
  12. 1939 act to prohibit civil servants from taking activist roles in partisan campaigns
    Hatch Act
  13. An organized group that tries to influence public policy
    interest group
  14. organization that seek a collective good
    public interest group
  15. What is the largest and most powerful interest group?
    • NRA
    • AARP
  16. What do interest group to to attain goals?
  17. the activities of a group or organization that seeks to influence legislation and persuade political leader to support the groups position
  18. Positive and negatives of interest groups
    Positives: Can convince government to change laws. can have interests of the public. Raise money for good reasons.

    Negatives: can increase the cost of public policies. selfish interests.
  19. An intentional course of action followed by government in dealing with some problem or matter of concern
    public policy
  20. What are the steps in policy making?
    • 1. problem recognition
    • 2. Agenda setting
    • 3. Policy formulation
    • 4. Policy adoption
    • 5. Budgeting
    • 6. Policy implementation
    • 7. Policy evaluation
  21. identification of an issue that disturbs the people and leads them to call for governmental intervention
    Problem recognition
  22. Congress has to make a law that leads to policy, so they must deem it worthy of attention
    agenda setting
  23. planning for how to deal with the problem
    Policy formulation
  24. no real change from past policies
    Routine formulation
  25. the actual passing of the law  often includes creation of new agency
    policy adoption
  26. the allocation of resources to provide for the proper implementation of public policies
  27. where does the money for policies come from?
    • diversion of funds from other programs
    • higher taxes
    • unfunded mandates
  28. actual carrying out of the new policy and putting it in to place
    policy impletation
  29. process of determining if the policy is being carried out and is doing what it was designed to do
    policy evalutation
  30. individual actions must be directed by the government
  31. encouraging action through benefits real or percieved
  32. provide info and means to help themselves
  33. appeal to "better instincts"
  34. when was the 1st real effort by government to regulate the economy?
  35. The economy grew dramatically during?
    great depression
  36. staying out of other bussiness
  37. U.S. belief in being supperior
  38. ability to take advantages of bad situations in the rest of the world
  39. the constitution gives divided foreign policy powers to
    president and congress
  40. attempted to keep U.S isolated from European war, but drew U.S. in to war with britain
    Embargo Act 1800
  41. Expanded the U.S power and nation
    mexican war 1846
  42. made U.S. an imperial and world power
    1898 spanish american war
  43. 1917-1918 U.S. involvement in WWI was
    decisive in ending the war
  44. After WWI the U.S. decided not to
    join the league of nations and to become isolationist again
  45. What ways did the U.S show that we weren't a nation to be recon with in WWII?
    • wake up a "sleeping giant"
    • D-Day
    • Atomic bombs
  46. After WWII we were led into the
    cold war
  47. attempt to keep communism within USSN and China
  48. brief improvement in relation with ussr
  49. U.S. will provide arms and aid to anti soviet movement
    Reagan Doctorine 1981-1989
  50. the opposite of isolation
  51. Amendment 1
    • freedom of 
    • speech 
    • press
    • assembly 
    • religion
  52. Amendment 2
    Bear arms
  53. Amendment 3
    no quartering of soldeirs
  54. Amendment 4
    • no unreasonable searches or seizures
    • exclusionary rule
  55. Amendment 5
    • just compensation
    • self incrimination
    • double jeopardy
    • grand jury indictment
  56. Amendment 6
    • public trial
    • right to counsel
    • confrontation of witnesses
    • impartial trial
    • speedy trial
    • compulsory trial
    • criminal jury trial
  57. Amendment 7
    civil jury trial
  58. Amendment 8
    • no cruel and unusual punishment
    • no excessive fines or bail
  59. Amendment 9
    makes it clear that this special listing of rights does not mean that others dont exist
  60. Amendment 10
    reiterates that powers not delegated to the national government are reserved to the states or to the people
  61. What are the qualifications for being president (or vice president)?
    • Natural born citizen
    • 35 years old
    • live in U.S. for 14 years
  62. what are some powers of the president?
    • suggest legislation
    • sign or veto legislation
    • can convene congress
  63. what are the official qualification for supreme court?
  64. unofficial qualifications of Supreme court
    • previously held political office
    • political experience
    • prior judicial experience
    • lawyer experience
  65. how many supreme court members?
  66. How many members are in the senate?
  67. how many members are in the house?
  68. What is the term of office in the Senate?
    6 years
  69. What is the terms of office in the House?
    2 years
  70. What are the qualifications to be in the senate?
    • 30 years old
    • 9 year citizen
    • live in state represented
  71. What are the qualifications to be in the House?
    • 25 year old
    • 7 year citizen
    • live in state represented
  72. The personal rights and freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge either by law, constitution or judicial interpretation
    civil liberties
  73. positive governmental acts to protect individuals against arbitrary or discrimination
    civil right
  74. examples of civil liverties
    • religion
    • speech
    • press
  75. The coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and individuals
    political ideology
  76. 3 examples of ideologies
    • conservatives
    • Liberals
    • libertatians
  77. What are the 4 functions of political ideologies? and definition
    • explanation- understanding somone ideology can help explain actions
    • evaluation-provides standard to evaluate social condition
    • orientation- can provide a sense of identity a
    • political program--help make political choices
  78. What are the steps for a bill to become a law?
    • 1.The bill is introduced in one chamber of the Congress
    • 2.The bill is assigned to a standing committee
    • 3.The standing committee reports the bill back to the floor (whole chamber)
    • 4.The bill is placed on a congressional calendar ( the schedule for the debates)
    • 5.The chamber considers the bill - debate is held
    • 6.A vote is held If it passes the first chamber, it is called an act
    • 7.The Act is sent to the other chamber
    • 8.The conference committee meets to iron out the differences in the versions of the legislation
    • 9.The legislation is sent to the President for his signature.The president could veto the legislation
    • 10.Congress may override a veto by a 2/3's vote of both chambers (becomes law)
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Governement Final
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