Chapter 8 Joints (TB)

  1. A fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a ________ joint.

    D) gomphosis
  2. The cruciate ligaments of the knee ________.

    C) prevent hyperextension of the knee
  3. Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.

    C) provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
  4. A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a ________.

    B) symphysis
  5. On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?

    D) syndesmosis
  6. Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called ________.

    D) bursae
  7. Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are ________.

    C) amphiarthroses
  8. ________ are cartilaginous joints.

    A) Synchondroses
  9. The gliding motion of the wrist is accomplished because of the ________ joint.

    D) plane
  10. The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit themovement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ________.

    B) cruciate ligaments
  11. Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of ________.

    D) hyperextension
  12. In the classification of joints, which of the following is true?

    A) All synovial joints are freely movable.
  13. Synarthrotic joints ________.

    C) permit essentially no movement
  14. Fibrous joints are classified as ________.

    D) sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
  15. In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with ________.

    D) hyaline cartilage
  16. Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following
    statements is true about this fluid?

    C) It contains hyaluronic acid.
  17. Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?

    C) cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
  18. What are menisci?

    A) semilunar cartilage pads
  19. Which of the following is a true statement regarding gliding movements?

    D) Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
  20. What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called?

    C) abduction
  21. The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the ________.

    A) feet
  22. The hip joint is a good example of a(n) ________ synovial joint.

    C) multiaxial
  23. Movement allowed in a pivot joint is known as ________.

    D) uniaxial rotation
  24. Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are ________.

    C) rare because of the ligament reinforcement
  25. Which ligament holds the radius to the ulna at the proximal end?

    B) anular
  26. Which ligament of the knee initiates the knee-jerk reflex when tapped?

    D) the patellar ligament
  27. Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. Which of the ligaments is(are) damaged as a result?

    C) medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
  28. Which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of arthritis?

    B) osteoarthritis
  29. What can cause gouty arthritis?

    C) excessive blood levels of uric acid deposited as crystals in the soft tissue joints
  30. Pointing the toes is an example of ________.

    D) plantar flexion
  31. Which of the following is a true statement?

    C) The anular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.
  32. Multiaxial joints of the body include ________.

    B) the hip and shoulder
  33. Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?

    C) hinge joint
  34. Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include ________.

    C) lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements
  35. Which of the following is a correct statement about development of joints?

    D) Joints develop in parallel with bones.
  36. An example of an interosseus fibrous joint is ________.

    C) the radius and ulna along its length
  37. Which of the following statements best describes angular movements?

    D) They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
  38. Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Name the two bones of the hand that articulate to form a saddle joint.

    A) The trapezium of the carpal bone and the thumb's metacarpal.
  39. Tendon sheaths ________.

    B) act as friction-reducing structures
  40. Which of the following is not a part of the synovial joint?

    C) tendon sheath
  41. Which of the following is not a factor that contributes to keeping the articular surfaces of diarthroses in contact?

    B) number of bones in the joint
  42. The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints. True or False
  43. All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight. True or False
  44. Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes. True or False
  45. Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood. True or False
  46. The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability. True or False
  47. The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement. True or False
  48. The only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion. True or False
  49. Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint. True or False
  50. A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint. True or False
  51. A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination. True or False
  52. The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements. True or False
  53. Cruciate ligaments are important ligaments that stabilize all ball-and-socket joints. True or False
  54. Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion. True or False
  55. The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint. True or False
  56. The ligamentum teres represents a very important stabilizing ligament for the hip joint. True or False
  57. The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity. True or False
  58. Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris. True or False
  59. A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids. True or False
  60. A ball-and-socket joint is a multiaxial joint. True or False
  61. Bending of the tip of the finger exhibits flexion. True or False
  62. Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condylesending up in the infratemporal fossa. True or False
    False; joint in the body
  63. Symphyses are synarthrotic joints designed for strength with flexibility. True or False
  64. Turning the foot medially at the ankle would be called ________.
  65. Moving your jaw forward, causing an underbite, is called ________.
  66. A ________ is a fluid-filled sac a tendon slides over.
  67. The joint between the frontal and parietal bones is called a ________ joint.
  68. Why are epiphyseal plates considered temporary joints?
    Once long bone growth in length is complete, the cartilage of the epiphyseal plates ossifies to become a permanent synostosis.
  69. Using the functional classification, a freely movable joint would be called a ________ joint.
  70. The hip joint, like the shoulder joint, is a ________ joint.
  71. Partial dislocation of a joint is called a ________.
  72. The type of joint between the carpal and the first metacarpal is a ________ joint.
Card Set
Chapter 8 Joints (TB)
Biology 103A