Late Adulthood

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  1. functional age
    a persons phsycial and psychological well-being
  2. young old
    healthy and active 65-74
  3. old old
    some health problems and difficulties with daily activities 75-84
  4. oldest old
    frail and in need of care 85
  5. dementia
    the most common mental disorder of the elderly, it covers several diseases, each of which includes serious memory loss accompanied by declines in other mental function
  6. Alzheimer's disease
    a progressive brain disorder that produces loss of memory and confusion
  7. peripheral slowing hypothesis 
    the theory suggesting that overall processing speed declines in the peripheral nervous system with increasing age
  8. generalized slowing hypothesis
    the theory that processing in all parts of the nervous system, including the brain, is less efficient
  9. wear-and-tear theories
    theories that the mechanical functions of the body simply wear out with age
  10. genetic programming theories of aging
    theories that suggest that our bodes DNA genetic code contains a built in time limit for the reproduction of human cells
  11. Pollyganna principle
    The tendency for people to agree with positive statements that describe them
  12. disengagement theory
    theory suggesting that late adulthood is marked by a gradual withdrawal from the world on physical, psychological, and social levels
  13. activity theory
    the theory suggesting that successful aging occurs when people maintain the interests, activities, and social interactions with which they were involved during middle age
  14. continuity theory 
    the theory suggesting that people need to maintain their desired level of involvement in society in order to maximize their sense of well-being and self-esteem
  15. Rober Peck's tasks to be completed in old age 
    redefinition of self versus preoccupation with work role- those in old age must redefine themselves in ways that do not relate to their work roles or occupation

    body transcendence versus body preoccupation- a period in which people must learn to cope with a move beyond changes in physical capabilities as a result of aging

    ego transcendence versus ego preoccupation- the period in which elderly people must come to grips with their coming death
  16. Daniel Livingston's theory of adult development 
    with age people come to realize that they are no longer on the center stage of life but are increasingly playing bit parts. loss of power repeat and authority
  17. Bernice Neugarten's theory
    Disintegrated and disorganized personalities- some people are unable to accept aging, and they experience despair as they get older. Often found in nursing homes or are hospitalized

    Passive-dependent personalities- fearful

    Defended personalities- act young

    Integrated personalities- acceptance
  18. Baltes and Baltes model of successful aging
    disengagement theory and activity theory
  19. Fastest growing segment of the population
    late adulthood
  20. Most common reason for blindness
    agerelated macular degeneration
  21. Reasons why elderly people experience a decline in their taste and smell sensitivity
    fewer taste buds, olfactory bulbs in the brain begin to shrivel
  22. Contributors to depression in the elderly 
    • death of family and friends
    • declining health
  23. Most common mental disorder of the elderly covers several diseases, each of which includes serious memory loss accompanied by declines in other mental functioning
  24. Contributors to geting Alzheimers 
    • high bp
    • diet
  25. Percentage of total expenditures senior citizens spend on health care
Card Set
Late Adulthood
final exam
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