Medical Terminology Definitions

  1. Abdominal cavity
    the superior portion of the abdominopelvic cavity
  2. Abdominal region
    the area of the body trunk located below the diaphragm
  3. Abdominocentesis
    surgical puncture through the abdominal wall to remove fluid; also known as paracentesis
  4. Abdominopelvic cavity
    the inferior part of the ventral cavity located beneath the diaphragm
  5. Abortifacient
    a drug that induces a therapeutic abortion (TAB)
  6. Abortion
    termination of pregnancy by expulsion of the embryo or fetus from the uterus
  7. Abrasion
    a superficial scraping injury to the skin
  8. Abruptio placentae
    premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
  9. Abscess
    a localized elevation of the skin containing a cavity filled with bacteria, white blood cells, damaged tissue, and pus
  10. Acapnia
    the absence of carbon dioxide
  11. Achondroplasia
    literally "without cartilage formation"; causes dwarfism
  12. Acid-fast bacilli smear (AFB)
    clinical test performed on sputum to identify presence of bacteria that react to acid; used to confirm tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis
  13. Acidosis
    the condition of acid in the body
  14. Acne
    bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts resulting in numerous comedones
  15. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
    a disease that results from infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired mainly through the exchange of body fluids during sex, such as semen, blood, and vaginal secretions, and also by the use of contaminated instruments.
  16. Acromegaly
    enlargement of bone structure
  17. Acrophobia
    fear of heights
  18. Actinic dermatitis
    a type of skin inflammation caused by sunlight exposure
  19. Actinic keratosis
    precancerous condition of the skin caused by exposure to sunlight
  20. Acute
    a disease of short duration, usually with a sharp or severe effect
  21. Acute renal failure
    a condition in which kidney function ceases
  22. Addison disease
    a chronic form of hypoadrenalism
  23. Adenitis
    inflammation of the gland
  24. Adenocarcinoma
    a malignant tumor with a glandular or gland-like pattern of cells
  25. Adenocarcinoma of the lung
    lung cancer arising from the cells lining the bronchi or from the soft tissues of the lung; three primary types are bronchogenic, small cell lung, and non-small cell lung
  26. Adenoid
    pharyngeal tonsil
  27. Adenoidectomy
    surgical removal of a chronically inflamed adenoid
  28. Adenoma
    a benign tumor of glandular cells
  29. Adenopathy
    the general term for a glandular disease
  30. Adenosis
    any disease of a gland
Card Set
Medical Terminology Definitions
Medical Terminology Definitions