Cardiovascular System Diagnostic Tests and Procedures

  1. auscultation
    physical examination method of listening to sounds within the body with a stethoscope (e.g., auscultation of the chest for heart and lung sounds)
  2. gallop
    abnormal heart sound that mimics the gait of a horse; related to abnormal ventricular contraction
  3. electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
    an electrical picture of the heart represented by positive and negative deflections on a graph labeled with the letters P, Q, R, S, and T, which correspond to events of the cardiac cycle
  4. stress electrocardiogram (stress ECG or EKG)
    electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) of the heart recorded during the induction of controlled physical exercise using a treadmill or ergometer (bicycle); useful in detecting heart conditions (e.g., ischemia or infarction)
  5. Holter ambulatory monitor
    portable electrocardiograph worn by the patient that monitors electrical activity of the heart over 24 hours; useful in detecting periodic abnormalities
  6. intracardiac electrophysiological study (EPS)
    invasive procedure involving placement of catheter-guided electrodes within the heart to evaluate and map the electrical conduction of cardiac arrhythmias; inter cardiac catheter ablation may be performed at the same time to treat arrhythmia
  7. intracardiac catheter ablation
    use of radio frequency waves sent through a catheter within the heart to treat arrhythmias by selectively destroying myocardial tissue at sites that generate abnormal electrical pathways
Card Set
Cardiovascular System Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
Medical Terminology chapter 5