Cre 101 final

  1. *Construct
    a one-sentence definition of the word "assumption" as
    meant by Browne and Keeley.
    • An assumption is an
    • unstated belief that supports the explict reasoning.

    • The taking for
    • granted of one meaning for a term that has multiple meanings.
  2. What are values?
    • Values are the ideas
    • that people see as worth while. They provide standards of conduct by
    • which we measure the quality of human behavior.
  3. Where should you
    “look” for assumptions in an argument? (You really can’t see
    them; they are invisible.)
    • In the conclusion
    • and reasons.
  4. Define value
    • A value assumption
    • is an implicit preference for one value over another in a particular
    • context. We use value preferences and value priorities as synonyms.
  5. Why is the author's
    background important in analyzing his argument? What is the danger
    in examining the author's background for clues to value assumptions?
    • Interests the writer
    • wishes to protect. Serves as a clue to the writers value assumption.
    • Not all people of the same background agree.
  6. How does reverse
    role-playing help discover hidden value conflicts/assumptions?
    • It requires us to
    • weigh two important values (rights of an individual and the welfare
    • of the group) and their effests.
  7. Define descriptive
    • Descriptive
    • assumptions is an unstated belief about how the world is was, is, or
    • will become.
  8. By itself, a reason
    cannot support a conclusion; what else is always needed?
    • Must connected to
    • the conclusion by certain other ideas.
  9. What are
    "descriptive connecting assumptions?"
    • It's a statement
    • about the way things are, not about the way things should be.
  10. What is a
    "definitional assumption?"
    • The taking for
    • granted of one meaning for a term that has multiple meanings.
  11. Explain the five
    clues or tips for locating assumptions.(p.74)
    • Keep thinking
    • about the gap between the conclusion and reasons:
    • Searching for the gap will be helpful for finding both value and
    • descriptive assumptions.

    • Look
    • for ideas that support reasons:
    • A reason with no explicit support; yet the

    • plausibility of the
    • reason depends on the acceptability of ideas that have been taken for
    • granted.

    • Identify
    • with the writer or speaker:
Card Set
Cre 101 final