4. The Roots of Medical Specialists

  1. ESTHESI/O
    • feeling, sensation
    • anesthesiologist (a˘n´´e˘s-the¯´´ze¯-o˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • administers anesthetic agents prior to and during surgery
  2. CARDI/O
    • heart
    • cardiologist (kar-de¯-o˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of the heart
  3. CHIR/O
    • hand
    • chiropractor (kι¯´´ro¯-pra˘k´tor)
    • by means of manual manipulation, treats disorders originating from misalignment of the spinal vertebrae
  4. DENT/O
    • tooth
    • dentist (de˘n´tι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of teeth and tissues of the oral cavity
  5. DERMAT/O
    • skin
    • dermatologist (der´´mah-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats disorders of the skin
  6. CRIN/O
    • secrete
    • endocrinologist (e˘n´´do-krι˘-no˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and malfunctions of the glands of internal secretion
  7. DEM/O
    • people
    • epidemiologist (e˘p´´ ι˘-de¯´´me¯-o˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • the study of sudden outbreaks of disease, or epidemics, in a population group
  8. GASTR/O
    • stomach
    • gastroenterologist (ga˘s´´tro¯-e˘n´´ter-o˘l´o-jι˘st)
    • intestine diagnoses and treats disorders of the
    • stomach and intestines
  9. ENTER/O
    • intestine
    • gastroenterologist (ga˘s´´tro¯-e˘n´´ter-o˘l´o-jι˘st)
    • intestine diagnoses and treats disorders of the
    • stomach and intestines
  10. GERONT/O
    • old age
    • gerontologist (jer´´o˘n-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases, disorders, and problems associated with aging
  11. GYNEC/O
    • female
    • gynecologist (gι¯´´nah-ko˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
  12. HEMAT/O
    • blood hematologist (he¯m´´ah-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues
  13. IMMUN/O
    • protected
    • immunologist (ι˘m´´u¯-no˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • studies the immune system; compare with allergist (a˘l´er-jι˘st), one who diagnoses and treats conditions of altered immunological reactivity
  14. INTERN/O
    • within, inner
    • internist (ι˘n-ter´nι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the internal organs
  15. NAT/O
    • birth
    • neonatologist (ne¯´´o¯-na¯-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats disorders of the newborn
  16. NEPHR/O
    • kidney
    • nephrologist (ne˘-fro˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the kidneys
  17. NEUR/O
    • nerve
    • neurologist (nu¯-ro˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the nervous system
  18. OBSTETR/O
    • midwife obstetrician (o˘b´´ste˘-trι˘sh´u˘n)
    • provides medical care to women during and immediately after pregnancy
  19. ONC/O
    • tumor
    • oncologist (o˘ng-ko˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats malignant disorders
  20. OPHTHALM/O
    • eye
    • ophthalmologist (o˘f ´´tha˘l-mo˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the eye
  21. OPT/O
    • eye, vision
    • optometrist (o˘p-to˘m´e-trι˘st)
    • measures accuracy of vision and prescribes corrective lenses or eyeglasses
  22. ORTH/O
    • straight, normal
    • orthopedist (or´´tho¯-pe¯´dι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles
  23. OSTE/O
    • bone
    • osteopathic (o˘s´´te¯-o¯-pa˘th´ι˘k)
    • physician diagnoses and treats health problems by manipulation, and also by traditional forms of treatment
  24. OT/O
    • ear
    • otorhinolaryngologist (o˘´´to¯-rι¯´no¯-lar´´ι˘n-go˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  25. RHIN/O
    • nose
    • otorhinolaryngologist (o˘´´to¯-rι¯´no¯-lar´´ι˘n-go˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  26. LARYNG/O
    • larynx, throat
    • otorhinolaryngologist (o˘´´to¯-rι¯´no¯-lar´´ι˘n-go˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  27. PATH/O
    • disease, suffering
    • pathologist (pah-tho˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • analyzes tissue samples to confirm diagnoses and performs autopsies
  28. PED/O, PEDI/A
    • child
    • pediatrician (pe¯´´de¯-ah-trι˘sh´u˘n)
    • diagnoses, treats, and prevents disorders and diseases of children; also, adolescent medicine serves patients between puberty and completion of physical growth
  29. POD/O, PED/I
    • foot
    • podiatrist (po¯-dι¯´ah-trι˘st)
    • diagnoses, treats, and corrects disorders of the foot
  30. PROCT/O
    • anus, rectum
    • proctologist (pro˘k-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats disorders of the anus and rectum
  31. PSYCH/O
    • mind
    • psychiatrist (sι¯-kι¯´ah-trι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats chemical dependencies, emotional problems, and mental illness; compare with psychologist (sι¯-ko˘l´o¯-jι˘st), one who studies, evaluates, and treats emotional problems
  32. UR/O
    • urine, urinary organs
    • urologist (u¯-ro˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the urinary system of females and the genitourinary system of males
Author
KendraMae
ID
216898
Card Set
4. The Roots of Medical Specialists
Description
Penn Foster Introduction to Medical Terminology/Biochemistry The Roots of Medical Specialists P. 20
Updated