Access to Information
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Balancing the public's right to know what the government is doing with the government's need to keep certain information confidential.
Access to information
What year did Center for National Security Studies v. US Dept. of Justice take place?
What was the Center for National Security Studies trying to find out in Center for National Security Studies v. US Dept of Justice?
What happened to the detainees at Guantanomo. Who were their attorneys? Where were they, and what was the reasoning behind being detained?
What does the appeals court decide in Center for National Security v. US Dept of Justice?
That the Dept of Justice has the right to protect the information under Exemption 7: Law Enforcement Investigations
What year did National Archives & Records Administration v. Favish take place?
What did Allan Favish want?
Pictures of Vince Foster, who was found shot in a Virginia Park. 10 photos were unpublished.
What does the Supreme Court rule in National Archives & Records v. Favish?
In favor of the National Archives. Used the exemption of Law Enforcement Investigations.
This keeps your personal information that the government may have about you private. No one can call and ask to see your personal records.
Privacy Protection Act
This prevented against upskirting and was passed in 2004.
Video Voyeurism Prevention Act
Designed to make sure that unauthorized individuals do not get access to your medical records.
Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act
Designed to keep all the information that the state collects and puts on your driver's license private.
Driver's Privacy Protection ACt
States that once you become a college student, your education records are off limits to any third party.
Family Education Rights and Privacy Act
What year did Miami Student v. Miami University take place?
What was the Miami student newspaper trying to do?
Create a database of crimes on campus.
What was the problem when the Miami newspaper received its information?
Far more than personal information was blacked out.
What did a federal appeals court rule in Miami Student v. Miami University?
That FERPA prohibits Miami University from releasing the disciplinary records to the public
What year did ESPN v. Ohio State University take place?
What couldn't ESPN get from OSU?
Copies of emails that the athletic office refused to release on the basis of educational records.
What did the Ohio Sup. Court rule in ESPN v. Ohio State University?
The athletic department is in fact an educational agency, and that emails to this agency are student records.
What year did Branzburg v. Hayes take place?
What was the key case in Branzburg v. Hayes?
Caldwell attended meetings with the Black Panthers. Sent a subpoena.
What does the Supreme Court rule in Branzburg v. Hayes?
Against the reporters. Said reporters wren't any different than the average citizen.
What is the Reporter's Privilege Three-Part Test?
1. Reporter has information relevant to hearing
2. Government has compelling need for information
3. Government cannot get information from any other source
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily took place in what year?
What did Zurcher (the police chief) want from the Standford Daily?
Photos taken at a protest. Got a search warrant and searched the newsroom for the photos.
What did Supreme Court rule in Zurcher v. Stanford Daily?
Says if pollice are investigating a crime and have probable cause to believe that you have the evidence that they need, it is their right to put out a warrant.
What did the Privacy Protection Act require?
Subpoenas, not just search warrants
What year did Cohen v. Cowles take place?
What did Cohen do?
He was the PR executive working for the republican party. Found information about dem. gov's running mate shoplifted years ago.
Why did Cohen sue Cowles Media?
He was promised his name wouldn't be in the newspaper.
What does the Supreme Court rule in Cohen v. Cowles?
In favor of Cohen. There had been a breach of contract with the newspaper.
Access to Information