Religion Blehh

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  1. Characteristics of valid law
    • reason that exists
    • for the common good
    • affirmed by legitimate authority
    • through an official process
  2. 4 Types of Laws
    • Eternal
    • Natural
    • Ecclesiastical
    • Civil
  3. Eternal Law
    • laws of God that support the observed intricate harmony of the created world
    • PV = nRT
  4. Natural Law
    eternal law as it applies to human life
  5. Ecclesiastical Law
    • law that governs the Church in the organization of the hierarchy, in liturgical and penitential practices
    • no meat on Ash Wednesday and Fridays during Lent
  6. Civil Law
    • enacted by civil governments for the common good of a particular sector of society or an entire country
    • Laws on traffic, environment, etc.
  7. Characteristics of Just Civil Law
    • Must promote common good
    • Must reflect "equality of proportion" (bear the burden in proportion to ability)
    • Must transmit, at least in small part, what God has eternally established
    • Must express some facet of the natural law
  8. Object
    • The act
    • Carries the most weight because it determines Objective morality of the action
    • Wrong action can never be made right; evil regardless of circumstances
  9. End
    • Intention of the Act
    • Good intention may diminish gravity of a sinful action
    • Morally good act can be rendered evil if done for the wrong intent
  10. Circumstances
    • Some circumstances can lessen the gravity of a sin
    • No circumstance can make a wrong action good
  11. Conditions of Double Effect
    • Act must be good or at least morally indifferent
    • Agent must have right intention
    • Good action must be the means of a good effect
    • Good effect must be proportional to the evil effect
  12. Errors in Moral Theology
    • Relativists argue actions should be judged from purely subjective perspective
    • Situation ethics: good or evil judged by the particular situation
    • Consequentialism
    • Proportionalism
  13. Consequentialism
    good or evil judged by the outcome
  14. Proportionalism
    good or evil measured according to a comparison between the good and bad effects, disregarding natural law
  15. Harmony in Original Justice
    • Inner Harmony of the Human Person
    • Harmony between man and woman
    • Harmony between people and all creation comprised in the state called "original justice"
  16. Original Justice
    when the first people were created good and in friendship with the Creator
  17. How Original Sin Destroyed Harmony
    • harmony of original justice destroyed
    • control of soul's spiritual faculties over the body shattered
    • union between man and woman now subject to tension
    • sexual relations become marked with lust and domination
    • harmony with creation is broken
    • death makes its entrance into human history
  18. Tree of Knowledge Symbolism
    evokes the insurmountable limits that, as creatures, we must freely recognize and respect with trust
  19. How Vatican documents are named
    First three words of the document
  20. Where to find discussion of Original Sin
    • Romans 5:12-19
    • Gaudium et Spes 13
    • CCC 404
  21. Sin
    • offense against reason, truth and right conscience
    • failure in genuine love for God and neighbor caused by a perverse attachment to certain goods
    • "an utterance, a deed, or a desire contrary to eternal law"
  22. Sin Classification
    • their objects
    • according to the virtues they oppose
    • according to the commandments they violate
    • according to whether they concern God, neighbor, or oneself
    • can be divided into spiritual and carnal sins, or again as sins in through, word, deed, or omission
  23. Mortal Sin
    • sin that destroys that charity in the heart of the sinner and is a grave violation of God's law
    • sinner turns away from God preferring the sin to relationship with God
  24. Necessities of Mortal Sin
    • Grave matter
    • Full Knowledge
    • Complete Consent
  25. Venial Sin
    • weakens charity
    • manifests a disordered affection for created goods
    • merits temporal punishment
    • does not break relationship, does not deprive the sinner of sanctifying grace, friendship with God, charity and eternal happiness
  26. Capital Sins
    • engender other sins or other vices
    • can be classified according to the virtues the oppose
  27. Freedom of Indifference
    • power to choose between contraries
    • Ten Commandments
  28. Freedom of Excellence
    the power to act freely in pursuit of human perfection and everlasting joy
  29. Principles of moral law
    • Moral law increases freedom rather than limiting it
    • Freedom requires every person to be responsible for his or her actions
    • Through a well-formed conscience and making the necessary effort to know the truth, each person has the capacity to discover God's will within his or her own heart
  30. Connection between Knowledge and Morality
    The intimate relationship between freedom and truth can be easily impeded or severed when a person tries to determine truth subjectively without regard to the moral law
  31. Seven Aspects of Human Freedom
    • Human freedom is limited
    • Freedom and knowledge are intimately related
    • Human freedom is ordered toward good
    • With freedom comes responsibility
    • God respects our freedom
    • God's grace is not imposed on us, but must be freely received
    • The moral law enhances freedom
  32. Two Sources of Conscience
    • Divine Revelation
    • Our own Experiences
  33. How to Develop a Well-Formed Conscience
    • Learn the moral teachings of the Catholic Church
    • Approach matters of faith and morals with an attitude of humility
    • Engage in sincere prayer and meditation
    • Develop and maintain a well-formed conscience through frequent and honest self-examination
    • participate frequently in the Sacrament of Reconciliation
    • Seek spiritual direction
Card Set
Religion Blehh
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