American Gov Final

  1. What is a unified government?
    whatever majority wants to do, will happen
  2. How many terms does a House rep serve?
  3. How many terms does a Senate serve?
  4. Pork Barrel Spending
    government spending money on things that we want but don't need in order to gain popularity
  5. How many seats are in the House?
  6. Gerrymandering
    drawing districts so it can help one party over another
  7. Information Costs
    how you determine the best candidate
  8. Opportunity Costs
    time spent that you could be spent doing something else
  9. Benefits of voting
    • 1. Civic Duty
    • 2. Making a difference
    • 3. Stakes being high
  10. Pre-Primary Season
    where the potential candidates raise money and get their name out to states
  11. Primary Season
    candidates going state to state to get voters to follow them
  12. What do presidential debates do?
    affect public opinion at the margins
  13. How many people are in the Electoral College?
  14. How many electoral college votes are needed to win the presidency?
  15. What happens if neither candidate gets to 270?
    the votes get turned to the House of Rep. and each state will get 1 vote
  16. Important states to win
    • Cali, 55
    • Tex, 38
    • NY, 29
    • Fl, 29
    • PA, 20
  17. When do incumbents lose?
    • 1. Scandals
    • 2. Marginal Districts
    • 3. Midterm Elections
    • 4. High Visibility Challenger
  18. Speaker of House?
    John Boehner
  19. Majority Republican leader of House?
    Eric Cantor
  20. Minority Democratic leader of House?
    Nancy Pelosi
  21. President of Senate?
    Joe Biden
  22. President Pro Tempore?
    Patrick Leahy
  23. Why is it more likely for the speaker of the house in the 20th century to become President?
    The 25th amendment says when VP seat is vacant, the president gets to choose a new VP
  24. Standing Committe
    • 1. where most of the work in Congress gets done
    • 2. Most bills die here
  25. Select Committees
    deal with a particular issue, uncommon
  26. Joint Committees
    made up of Senators and House, do mostly investigation
  27. Conference Committees
    • 1. Members of both chambers to resolve disagreements on a particular bill
    • 2. Iron out the differences between the two bills
    • 3. Have power to add and take out things
  28. What does the House do if a bill is passed?
    • 1. Decides on terms of debate and on amendments
    • 2. Can decided whether or not bill goes to House floor
  29. Rider
    an amendment to a bill that doesn't relate directly to the bill's content
  30. Filibuster
    A senator trying to convince Congress to pass or kill a bill.
  31. How many votes are needed for cloture?
  32. What is the role
  33. How does the House and Senate override a presidential veto?
    2/3 vote
  34. Congress shall have the power to?
    • 1. Declare war, and make rules concerning captures on land and water
    • 2. Raise and support armies
    • 3. Provide and maintain Navy
    • 4. Make rules for the government
    • 5. Regulation of the land and Naval forces
  35. Declaration of War by Congress
    • 1. War of 1812
    • 2. Mexican-Amercian War, 1848
    • 3. Spanish-American War, 1890's
    • 4. WWI, 1914
    • 5. WWII, 1941
    • 6. Korean War, 1950
    • 7. Vietnam War, 1959
    • 8. Gulf War of 1991
    • 9. Iraq and Afghanistan Wars
  36. What is the War Powers Resolution?
    told presidents they had the right to initiate war but after 60 days Congress can either initiate war, or send troops home
  37. Oversight
    can bring in people to Washington and question them
  38. The Legislative Veto
    Granting the legislative branch certain powers to veto president
  39. Impoundment
    An act by the President of not spending money that has been appropriated by the US Congress
  40. Line-Item Veto
    • 1. President choosing to veto things in a budget without losing the whole budget
    • 2. Later declared unconstitutional
  41. Original Jurisdiction
    • 1. case starts in this court
    • 2. hears case you bring to it
  42. Appellate Jurisdiction
    • 1. A chance to get your case heard again
    • 2. Court that hears appeals
  43. Civil Rights
    rights of groups in society, and especially minority groups
  44. Civil liberties
    refers to the rights of individuals
  45. 13th Amendment
    Outlawed slavery
  46. 14th Amendment
    • 1. Citizenship to those born on US soil
    • 2. Required states to uphold due process
    • 3. Equal protection clause
  47. 15th Amendment
    Gave former slaves (men) right to vote
  48. The "Jim Crow" Era
    • 1. Legal and illegal intimidation
    • 2. Limiting right to vote
  49. GA Citizenship Test, 1958
    • 1. Had to be able to read, write, and pay a fee
    • 2. Designed to keep the minorities and poor from voting
    • 3. Registrars ultimately decide who passes or fails
  50. The Impact of WWII
    • 1. millions of people affected globally
    • 2. GREAT need of soldiers
    • 3. Were forced to draft and hire minority groups
  51. Voting Rights Act of 1965
    Gave all citizens right to vote
  52. Affirmative Action
    In order to remedy segregation, Nixon encouraged diversity
  53. Specific Powers of President
    • 1. Head of State
    • 2. Veto power
    • 3. Power to Pardon
  54. Powers shared with Senate
    • 1. Power to make appointments (Federal Judges, Cabinet Members, Ambassadors)
    • 2. Power to make treaties
  55. How many votes are required for ratification of a treaty?
  56. Executive Order
    • 1. a signed presidential directive that has the force of law
    • 2. Meant to carry out legal process of law
  57. Famous Executive Orders
    • 1. Emancipation Proclamation
    • 2. The Executive Order 9066: The Internment of Japanese Americans
    • 3. Harry Truman and the integration of US military
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American Gov Final
am gov final