History: Chapter 10 and 11 Civil War

  1. What was the cause of the Civil War?
  2. What event led to Sucession of South Carolina and the formation of the Southern Confederacy?
    The election of Abraham Lincoln
  3. Splitting away from the United States
  4. Why was the Kansas Nebraska Act introduced to Congress?
    Steven Douglas wanted to build a railroad through Kansas and Nebraska. He wanted the railroad to be in Chicago, to make his state look great.
  5. Law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether or not to allow slavery.
    Kansas Nebraska Act
  6. What political party does the Kansas Nebraska Act create?
    Republican Party
  7. California wants to come in as a Free state.
    Was created to avoid Civil War
    Compromise of 1850
  8. Heavy penalties imposed on people who aided runaway slaves or who blocked or refused to help in their capture.
    Fugitive Slave Act
  9. How did the Civil War change the identity of the United States of America?
    It made us stronger, and more united.
  10. What were the Strengths of the South (Confederacy)?
    • Fighting Spirit
    • Fighting a defensive war
    • Soldier Skills
    • Military Leadership
    • Home Field Advantage
  11. What were the Strengths of the North (Union)?
    • Population
    • Manufactoring
    • Transportation
    • Farming
  12. Man who lived in a free-soil town called Osawatomie and made himself captain of a local anti-slavery militia.
    John Brown
  13. Who introduced the Kansas Nebraska Act?
    Stephen Douglas
  14. A slave sued for his freedom and the Supreme court ruled against him. "a black man has no rights a white is bound to respect"
    Dred Scott Decision
  15. Fought for the South Confederacy. General Windfield's right hand man.
    Robert E. Lee
  16. Fought for the confederacy and was killed by his own troops.
    Stonewall Jackson
  17. Fought for the Union. Learned everything he knew from the Mexican War.
    William T. Sherman.
  18. What destroys the Missouri Compromise?
    Popular Soverignty
  19. -Where you set war on an area, and it's all going to end badly for them.
    War of Attrition
  20. In the north it was Lincoln vs. Douglas.
    In the South it was Breckinridge and Bell.
    The split in the Democratic Party allowed Lincoln to be president
    The Election of 1860
  21. When Pro-slavery and Free-Soil forces were fighting for control in Kansas
    Bleeding Kansas
  22. Congressional agreement that regulated the extension of slavery in the United States for the next thirty years.
    Missouri Compromise
  23. Why were the casualties so high?
    The new minie ball bullets and muskets that could load faster
  24. Largest battle ever fought in the Western Hemisphere
  25. Lincoln wants to Abolish Slavery and end the war, and save the union.
    Emancipation Proclamation
  26. A military strategy to defeat the Confederacy proposed in 1861 by the Commanding General of the Union Army, Gen. Winfield Scott. Scott's plan was to employ Union army and navy forces to blockade the southern ports, split the Confederacy in half by seizing the line of the Mississippi River, and establish strong Federal positions all around the periphery of the Confederate States.
    Anaconda Plan
  27. 1st Bull Run:
    Who won?
    Who were the generals?
    • Confederates
    • 1st real battle
    • McDowell and Johnston
  28. Peninsula Campaign:
    Who won?
    Who were the generals?
    • Confederates
    • McClellan is fired
    • Johnston and McClellan
  29. Antietam:
    Who won?
    Who were the generals?
    • Union
    • -Most soldiers are lost on that day.
    • -Ended the confederacy from getting support from Europe
    • -McClellan is fired for good
    • Lee and McClellan
  30. Gettysburg:
    Who won?
    Who were the generals?
    • Union
    • Turning point in the war
    • Lee and Meade
  31. Vicksburg:
    Who won?
    Who were the generals?
    • Union
    • All of Mississippi River is now in Union control.
    • Grant
  32. Appomattox:
    Who won?
    Who were the generals?
    • Union 
    • Lee surrenders
    • Lee and Grant
  33. Why was the loyalty of the border states important, and how did Lincoln obtain it?
    If Maryland leaves then Washington D.C. would be condemned.

    • Martial Law
    • Havis Corpise
  34. Open ended:
    Explain briefly how the Fugitive Slave Act, Uncle Tom's Cabin, John Brown's raid, and the Dred Scott decision shaped northern public opinion about slavery.

    Explain how these events produced tension between the northern and southern states which eventually lead to the Civil War.
    At first Northerners didn't mind the South having slaves. After the Fugitive Slave Law, it made them get involved. They weren't allowed to help slaves. In the south, Uncle Tom's Cabin was seen as threatening. In the north, it was praised for its message and helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War. John Brown, in the north, was seen as a hero. In the south, he was seen as something evil. The Dred Scott decision made them think the south wanted slavery all over the nation.

    These events produced tension because the North was trying to end slavery and the south didn't want to.
  35. What was it that Southerners were dedicated to?
    "The cause"
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History: Chapter 10 and 11 Civil War